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Historical informatics
Reference:

The Digital Turn in History and Historical Geoinformatics
Frolov Alexey

PhD in History

Senior researcher, Institute of General History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, head of Historical Geoinformatics Laboratory

kab. 1405, 32A, ul. Leninskii Prosp., g. Moscow, Russia, 119334 

npkfrolov@gmail.com

 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2019.3.30770

Review date:

11-09-2019


Publish date:

21-11-2019


Abstract.

The article addresses ties between GIS technologies used to study spatial aspects of history and a phenomenon known as the “digital turn” in humanities. In fact, the development of historical geoinformatics is the essence of the “digital turn” for a research domain studying spatial aspects. Irrespective of tasks handled by a researcher, GIS provide for selection and visualization as well analysis of geodata. The “digital turn” differs from the “digital transition”. The latter is a refusal to create base maps by means of analog art devices and creation of electronic maps by means of graphic software. The specificity of relations between geoinformatics and historical research is revealed through the mismatch between the positivist epistemology of GIS and approaches of historical research. The article emphasizes that GIS is mainly geodata rather than a map. The prospects for the development of historical geoinformatics are associated with a more distinct awareness of this fact. This awareness should facilitate integration of geodata of various research groups on a common digital platform. 

Keywords: historical data analysis, databases, historical geodata integration, digital humanities, historical GIS, geodata, historical geoinformatics, digital turn, geoprocessing, invalid geometries
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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