Статья 'Деятельность чекистов Алтайского края по обеспечению безопасности перевода промышленности на выпуск оборонной продукции' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Activity of the Chekists of Altai Krai on ensuring security of transition of manufacturing industry to defense production

Shatilov Sergei Petrovich

PhD in Law

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Barnaul Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

656049, Russia, Altai Krai, Barnaul, Malakhova Street 122

Shatilov_sp@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Zarechnev Dmitrii Olegovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Tactical and Special Training, Law Institute of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

656019, Russia, Altai Krai, Barnaul, Guschina Street 173 D

Shatilov_sp@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2017.8.22243

Review date:

08-03-2017


Publish date:

25-08-2017


Abstract.

The object of this research is the social relations emerging in the work process of the People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) on ensuring security of transition of manufacturing industry to defense production during the period of Great Patriotic War. The subject of this research is the key directions of NKGB activity that suggested realization of significantly large amount of the important for wartime events aimed at ensuring security of transition of manufacturing industry to defense production. Relevance of this article is defined by the fact that until present time such historical phenomenon as converting the Soviet manufacturing industry into wartime footing alongside the fairly compressed timeframe of the conducted evacuation, remain to evoke astonishment within the public historical consciousness in Russia and abroad, becoming a special topic of historical cognition. The author for the first time examine the regional aspect of the aforementioned historical processes, namely the Chekist activities in Altai Krai pertaining to ensuring security of transition of manufacturing industry to defense production during the Great Patriotic War.  The scientific novelty lies in the authors’ attempt to comprehensively analyze the key directions of the work of NKGB on this matter, which included: preservation of possessions, fight against embezzlement, object secrecy, counteracting desertion and distribution of provocative rumors. The authors conclude that during the period of Great Patriotic War, the People's Commissariat for State Security were involved in the unusual to them objectives, actively participated in converting the national economy into wartime forint, as well as in conjunction with the corporate management adopted measures for executing the defense order. Separate departments of NKGB exercised control over the actions of chief executives and factories on putting in the evacuated enterprises restructured for the needs of wartime. It is also underlined that transition of manufacturing industry to defense production was a compulsory measure for compensating the inefficiency of work of other departments of the state apparatus under the extreme circumstances. In the course of implementation of transition of manufacturing industry to defense production were often applied the repressive methods, including the threat of holding citizens criminally accountable.

Keywords: Enterprises, Economic function, Manufacturing industry, Great Patriotic War, Order, Decree, Decision, Factory, Chekists, Evacuation
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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