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Philosophy and culture
Afanas'ev S.V. - The purpose of this article is to conduct a typological analysis of the information culture as a social and cultural phenomenon. pp. 59-70


Abstract: The relevance of the research is dictated by the fact that in modern conditions of development of the information society, information culture goes beyond the narrow understanding of knowledge and skills necessary to work with the information systems. It represents a basic subsystem of culture of the information civilization, an independent type of culture within the system of information society, and most important cultural element of a modern person. Typological analysis systematizes the expanding conceptual framework in studying of the information culture. The key research methods are the following: typological analysis, summarization, typology, classification, systematization, comparison, generalization, as well as civilization, subject-object, sphere, activity approaches. Analytical overview of the scientific studies is conducted. The author analyzed and systematized the main types of information culture examined within the culturology, information culturology, and social philosophy. The conducted analysis allowed substantiating the need and possibility of development of multi-level typology of the information culture and reaching the idea of establishment of the attributive and a functional concept of information culture
Gumerova G.A., . - The Problem of Philosophy in Nikolay Berdyaev's Creative Work pp. 71-89


Abstract: The article is devoted to the main topic in life of a Russian religious thinker of the beginning of the XX century Nikolay Aleksandrovich Berdyaev – the creativity problem. Berdyaev's understanding of creativity was quite specific. He understood creativity not as the creation of cultural products, "sciences and arts", artwork, books, pictures and so forth but the 'disturbance and ascention' of human being aimed at creating another, the highest life and a new form of existence. The analysis of emergence of culture from a cult, sacral bases of culture, the analysis of emergence of cultural images and cultural the practician from cult activity is carried out. The authors also studied the relation between culture and creativity, creativity as a non-cultural beginning and creativity objectivization in cultural forms.The conclusions made by the authors are the following: - the systematic analysis of ideas about culture of the Russian religious philosophy of the XX century is given;- it is shown that many ideas of modern cultural science concerning an origin of culture, its fundamental bases, its sacral roots were for the first time clearly and are deeply formulated in the Russian religious philosophy;- conditions and possibilities of cultural creativity, possibility of an exit of creativity out of limits of culture, a way of objectivization of creativity in cultural forms are investigated.
Tyugashev E. - The Theme of the North in Nietzsche's Philosophy pp. 76-86


Abstract: Object of research is the complex of views of F. Nietzsche on the North and specifics of his culture in comparison to culture of the South. Proceeding from the concept of climatic zones of culture and positioning itself as person of the European North, F. Nietzsche highly appreciates heritage of the Mediterranean culture referred to the South and looks for ways of development of the forgotten its achievements. In comparison with the South it characterizes such elements of northern culture as the nature, a cultural landscape, the relation to work and the world, Protestantism, music and philosophy. Tematization of nitsshevsky philosophy of the North is based on global approach which considers a complementarity of axes "the West - the East" and "the North - the South" in world development. Novelty of the conducted research in the analysis of "the northern text" in F. Nietzsche's philosophy from the point of view of global opposition "the North - the South". It is shown that F. Nietzsche carries out frontal comparison of northern and southern cultures on separate elements. Estimating northern culture as degeneration of the southern culture, North potential it sees in validity of social activity and ability of a reflection in the hidden layers of culture of the South.
Belyaev V.A. - Modernistic 'Critics of Culture' and Dialectics of the 'Cultural - Post-Cultural - Inter-Cultural' pp. 90-178


Abstract: The main objective of this work is to consider a modernist style as to "the critic of culture". I will understand change as "culture criticism" like sociocultural construction in relation to traditional as which realization it is possible to consider the medieval European world. I will allocate two intensions of "criticism of culture": intra cultural (post-cultural) and inter-culture. The post-cultural project, result of the second intension – the intercultural project has to become result of the first intension. And their realization I am going to show logic of creation of these projects in the most general plan. The intra cultural aspect will accent all connected with individual freedom. "Culture" in this intension of criticism will look way of stealing of individual freedom of the person. Therefore "the person who is cultural believing" will be the main object in this criticism. As a positive the project world whole only on the basis of individual freedom will be developed. The Interkulturny aspect of criticism will accent those a consequence of "a cultural polaganiye" which generate division of mankind into the "cultural" worlds denying each other. This intension will build as a positive the project world whole on the basis of "universal", "inter-cultural" values. Difficult relations in design of "post-culture" and "inter-culture", attempts of restoration of "cultural" sociocultural constructions throughout the new European history make that I called dialectics of the "cultural-post-cultural-inter-cultural". I am going to show this dialectics in the most general plan. I will begin the analysis with analysis of Kant philosophy of the religion stated in "Religions within only reason". I will interpret Kant's philosophy as extremely bright expression of "criticism of culture". In Kant's this sense it will be one of ideologists of the modernist style, accurately expressed its main intensions. I will try to open through action in development of its philosophy which will begin with radical "critics of culture", and will come to the end with attempts of return of certain "cultural" principles – cultural remissions. I also will deliver to his critic of religion in prospect of this through action. I will show as far as at its philosophy there are post-cultural and inter-cultural intensions of "criticism of culture" and the dialectics of the 'cultural-post-cultural-inter-cultural'. The analysis of the phenomena of "eternal fascism" and "eternal cultural sensitivity" will be the main thing in disclosure of this dialectics as it is realized in the body of the new European world. Both that and other phenomenon will be connected with the front of cultural remissions of the XX century which can be considered as the answer to the all-European wave after the ambassador of World War I. Especially it belongs to a phenomenon of "eternal fascism" which I will cut out as extremely rigid expression of "an eternal cultural sensitivity".If as a whole to consider a modernist style as expansion "critics of culture", being realized in the philosophical and ideological plan and in the body of the European world, the logician of expansion of post-cultural and inter-cultural intensions of this criticism, the logician of multi-scale and various kickbacks to "cultural" architecture of the person, the logician of new waves of post-cultural and inter-cultural intensions of criticism in response to kickbacks and will make modernist dialectics of "cultural-post-cultural-inter-cultural".
Belyaev V.A. - Constructing Modern as the System of Anthropological Projects pp. 92-197


Abstract: The purpose of this work is to submit the general plan of the new European culture as system of anthropological projects: "reformations", "educations" and "critics of cultural reason". As a pushing away point for expansion of the discourse I will use the general plan of ideas of "dialectics of education", created within the Frankfurt school of social philosophy. In a general sense my position is alternative to those options of ideas of a modernist style which are based on idea of this or that version of the project of "nature conquest", being its cornerstone. I perceive such representations as a call. The answer to this call is attempt to consider "dialectics of education" as result of realization not the project of "nature conquest", and projects of "conquest of the person". I suggest to consider Education as purely anthropological project which result of realization there had to be that a problem situation which is distinguished by the Frankfurt school. And all set of problem fields which I listed, has to be in the main lines projections of implementation of the educational anthropological project. (Including "nature conquest". )  The author has been told that his position can be considered as the answer to a position of the Frankfurt school. However, the author states, it doesn't mean that he will be engaged in the critical analysis of its positions. Consideration of the new European culture as implementation of the project of "nature conquest" is rather widespread today. Therefore I answer a call of such prevalence. The Frankfurt school in this case plays a role "the representative of a position". For me that the Frankfurt school is aligned on that phase of implementation of the project of Education which can be considered as integrated result of its institutional victory here is important: the middle of XIX – the middle of the XX century. Integrated reality which is expressed by system of concepts: "naturalism", "realism", "positivism", "individualism", "democratism", "liberalism", "burzhuaznost", "capitalism", "scientific character", "rationalism", "scientism" – this reality became expressed in a set of foreshortenings (the principles, ideals, institutes) a victory of the educational project. Those contradictions  are internal realizational contradictions of this project. Including those contradictions which seem denying the educational project. Pathos of my position consists in detection it is internal discrepancy. Those a contradiction which are connected with concepts: "nationalism", "fascism" and "communism", the author will open too in a context of dialectics of the projects "reformations", "educations" and "criticism of cultural reason".
Sultanov-Barsov M.O. - Dagestan in the context of Russian culture pp. 115-131


Abstract: The subject of this article is the retrospective picture of the post-Soviet Dagestan, characterized by the departure of the Russian and Russian-speaking population that caused decline in social culture and expected negative consequences in the republic. As a problematic source is viewed the factor of cultural relativism used by the European-American humanitarian scholars and politicians for implementation of their geopolitical projects. In addition, the author demonstrated the natural source of cultural relativism, rightfully occurring under the conditions of ignorance, paralogical self-esteems, and religious fanaticism. The goal of the article consists in increasing the social culture of residents of the Republic of Dagestan, as well as strengthening of the country’s state unity. The scientific novelty lies in the principle that requires the coordinated application of apodictic and dialectic methods of thinking as the optimally correlating instruments of theoretic cognition and practical work. The author provides a brief classification of Dagestani peoples, Russians and Russian-speaking, as well as formulate a number of heuristic propositions on improving the government authorities and increasing the intellectual level of the Dagestan residents. In conclusions, the author indicates the conditions and principles for returning of the Russian and Russian-speaking people to Dagestan as a permanent place of residence.
Mostitskaya N.D. - Festivity and mundanity in projection of constancy and dynamicity of cultural being pp. 129-143


Abstract:  In this article special attention is given to the analysis of cooperation and dynamics of such forms of culture as festivity and mundanity from the perspective of their logical contradictions and synthesis. The author examines the dialectical, metaphysical, and synergy approaches in studying the phenomenon of festivity. Reference to the antique tradition of philosophical thought allows revealing the phenomenon of festivity as the “constancy” of being; while mundanity is presented as the “dynamicity” of being and is defined by means of turning to the postmodern philosophy. In order to substantiate such approach the author suggests the synthesis of metaphysical and dialectical methods of cognition, which aloe explaining the periods of stabilization and changes of the festivity tradition, as well as the dynamics and vector of development of mundanity. The scientific novelty consists in the synthetic approach, which reveals the problem of festivity and mundanity in philosophical-culturological aspect. Festivity and Mundanity as constancy and dynamicity, are being used as the elements of the frame of reference for modeling and communicative space in its vector orientation, as well as the description of bifurcation transition.  
Volkova E.G. - The phenomena of archaic culture in the concept of V. Propp (philosophical and cultural analysis) pp. 170-187


Abstract: The research object in this article is the scientific heritage of Russian folklorist, philologist, ethnographer Vladimir Propp in the context of his epoch. As the subject of the research are the ideas of this scientist associated with the various phenomena of archaic culture. Special attention is paid to the analysis of his scientific ideas about phenomena such as the archaic myth, the accompanying ritual practice and ascending to him genetically of works of folklore (especially magical folk tale). As the main methods selected philosophical and cultural analysis, the method of historical-philosophical reconstruction techniques including primary (when considering the sources) and secondary (with the involvement of various literature on the topic of study) of the study, method of comparative analysis to detect intelligent intersections of the basic ideas of the scientist with the ideas of the representatives of Western and Russian Humanities. The novelty of this research is that it is not only considered and analyzed with philosophical and cultural positions of the basic concepts of the archaic folklore of Propp, but a variant of the reconstruction of the concept of archaic myth, including analysis of the ideas of the scientist associated with the ontological status of myth, its epistemological function, social value.
Amel'chenko S.N. - Modeling as an Instrument of Ontology and Cultural Gnoseology pp. 179-207
Abstract: Method of modeling is not studied enough and rarely used in modern ontology and cultural gnoseology. A rare example of this method is M. Kagan’s conception describing the place of culture in the system of human existence. Some of Kagan’s ideas can be developed and completed which would allow to make changes in the process of formation of objective knowledge in culture. This is the goad of the research of the structure of ontological system that includes existence of objectivized and individual ideal approaches (elements not mentioned by Kagan). The author of the article shows that this is the part of existence (human being) where meaning, ideals and life goals of human and society are being produced. The research also shows a dialectic connection between structure of existence (which levels and forms are conditioned by the formation of culture) and the role of culture causing the variety of these elements and creating a representation of such existence elements as the human, social and ideal.
Borisov S.V. - Naive Philosophizing in the Life of a Child pp. 184-193


Abstract: What is naive philosophizing of childhood and what is its particularity? Synthesizing concepts “naivety” and “philosophizing” the authors of the article come to the concept of “naive philosophizing”. This philosophizing is not the kind overstepping the bounds of ordinary-practical knowledge and, moreover, rooting in mythical consciousness, but the one comprising reflective, existential and critical components. As a matter of fact it is a self-reflection of a myth done by all possible intellectual means, where the myth remains a symbol of unity, pleasure, knowledge and belief. Beginning with such conceptual affects as surprise, doubt, experience of existential conditions, naive philosophizing finds direct continuation in the intellectual game as the form of communication. We consider communication as a necessary condition of realization of naive philosophizing; therefore the best way of its realization is the live conversation in the form of a dialogue or a polylogue provoked by spontaneous asking. Naive philosophizing acts as an attempt of rational comprehension of a myth; however the myth remains the principal means of perception of the world and world-view.
Fatenkov A.N. - The worldview aporiai of the modern Russia. pp. 203-262


Abstract: The article includes analysis and critical evaluation of the worldview situation, which is cultivated in Russia by its government structures. The disheartening worldview phenomenae include lessening of the role of philosophy as responsible free thinking in favor of dogmatism of religion, declarative objectivism of science and utilitarian commercial thinking, introduction of the elements of prophane eschatology into the collective conscience, the government favoring the principle of efficiency in the issues of organization of public life.  In comparison with the authentic philosophical world view, which was established by the Heraclitus of Efes, the author formulates and substantiates a number of specific сchallenges towards religious and clerical Christian views and practices, and the alliance between the church and secular government.  The text has a number of references for the potential readers towards the ideas of Niccolo Machiavelli and Albert Camus with their non-subservient realistic interpretation of human fate.  The author substantiates the need and necessity of metaphysically correct discussion between philosophers and theologians.  It is stated that the vulgar pragmatic approach towards science and education is inacceptable and harmful, and the norms of efficiency are not adequate when characterizing the contents of social and cultural processes and statuses. In order to have correct evaluation of human activities, one has to use principle of independency as guidance.
Polishchuk V.I. - Idea of Culture pp. 204-217
Abstract: The article contains a brief review of opinions on the subject of philosophy of culture and the role of philosophy in culture in general. Such a review makes it necessary to define the term 'idea of culture' that is performed when human creates the 'appearance and 'visibility'. The later is not illusion but the world created by human ability to see. The author also makes a hypothesis about creation of a new image of culture, modern philosophy of culture being its harbinger. 
Kuznetsov Y.V. - Demarcation Problem While Analying Scientific Discussion Under Multicultural Conditions pp. 231-258


Abstract: The article is devoted to the problem of importance of the ad homine argument as distinction between scientific and extra scientific forms of discussions under multicultural conditions. This is a topical issue because the status of the subject of knowledge is changing and its cultural and social presuppositions can't be ignored when analyzing research results. The conclusions drawn in the article are based on the analysis of the concepts deconstructing the idea of universal scientific knowledge. 
Koren' R.V. - Philosophical and Ethical Research of Functions of Culture pp. 295-306


Abstract: The present article is devoted to a wide range of questions related to the functions of culture and relation between them. The author shows that a famous opinion of cultural researchers that all functions of culture are social is not quite correct. All functions of the culture are divided into the two following groups: ordinary (everyday) functions including social ones and fundamental functions essential for human survival. Fundamental functions of culture show themselves through ethnical proceses (because ethnos is the bearer of culture). Their diversity depend on ethnical processes, too, depending on the hierarchy of ethics. The author also views the essence of life and essence of human as well as primary results (self-goals). Social functions of culture reflect secondary results. However, if we develop the secondary functions and forget about the fundamental functions of culture, we become like drug addictors. The author of the article also describes the increasing role of culture, elements of the communication process and the defining role of the information component of the triune systems. It is shown that informatization of the society is a cultural issue. The author also touches upon the fundamental principle of any science and distortion of informaton on its way from the source of information to the information user. 
Belyaev V.A. - Concerning the Idea of Interculture pp. 309-346


Abstract: This article provides an insight into to the theory of interculture developed by the author. Based on the author's definition, interculture means a special socio-cultural construct which is traditionally called a New European (Modern) culture. In the article the author shares with us the main concepts and principles of the theory of interculture, its heuristic potentials in analyzing different elements and dimensions of the New European socio-cultural world. The author also describes the difference between axiological structure of interculture and the strucure of traditional socio-cultural cultures. The author also reveals the strategic limitations of the microsystem of cultures and describes the life challenge that occures in response to these limitations and give birth to interculture. The article describes the strategic lines of developing the intercultural world as well as its strategic borders. Insight into the theory of interculture is accompanied with anaysing Kant's strategy of constructing the 'enternal world'. The author shows that Kant's works certainly had some features of the theory of interculture. The article will be of interest to all who are into philosophical anthropology. 
Belyaev V.A. - Intercultural Crisis and Cultural Remissions pp. 580-617


Abstract: This article is another step towards introduction the theory of interculturalism developed by the author. In this part of introduction the author touches upon the definition of the term 'cultural remission'. In terms of interculturalism, cultural remissions are the expressions of the value geometry of the 'culture' type. Another goal set by the author is to demonstrate how the modern ideology of liberalism operating the terms 'globalizaton', 'reverse globalization', 'liberal equality' and 'tendency towards cultural isolation' tries to create the theory like interculturalism. The author proves that both the primary and modern ideologists have used similar principles and terms, faced the same challenges and tried to find the same strategic solutions, in other words, developed the theoretical grounds of interculturalism. At the same time, the author shows that such individual theories have their limits and need to be synthesized into one theory which the author offers to call 'the theory of interculturalism'. As an example, the author analyzes the book 'The Claims of Culture' written by Seyla Benhabib. The author shows that the critical analysis of the book can actually lead us to the terms 'interculturalism' and 'cultural remissions'. The article will be of interest to everyone who is interested in philosophical anthropology. 
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