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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Scientism and anti-scientism as two images of the philosophy of science, two worldviews, and two systems of life guidance of a person (historical-philosophical and general theoretical aspects)
Gusev Dmitrii Alekseevich

Doctor of Philosophy

Doctor of Philosophy, professor of the Philosophy Department at Moscow State Pedagogical University

115432, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. 2-Oi kozhukhovskii proezd, d. 12, str. 1, of. 317

gusev.d@bk.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Potaturov Vasilii Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Psychology, Pedagogy, and Socio-Humanitarian Disciplines, Moscow Witte University

115432, Russia, Moscow, 2-oy Kozhukhovsky Proezd 12, building #1, office #314

vpotaturov@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2020.1.31925

Review date:

09-01-2020


Publish date:

12-02-2020


Abstract.

The question on the polemics between scientism and anti-scientism being different sociocultural orientations and opposite worldview poles remains insufficiently covered within the modern philosophy of science. The object of this research is the controversy of scientism and anti-scientism as the two images and concepts of the philosophy of science. The subject is the worldview companions of scientism and anti-scientism, as well as the two systems of ideological, ontological and practical orientations of human and social existence built upon them. The goal of the article consists in identification of the two possible and opposite images of the philosophy of science, suggested by the concept itself, their interrelation, and establishment of worldview chain links beginning with scientism and anti-scientism, and clarification of opposing systems of life orientation of a person. One of the results of the conducted research consists in determination of two images of the philosophy of science and related to them scientism and anti-scientism, which are not only and not much different and in a worldview sense “neutral” sociocultural orientations, as the other way around, “loaded” from a worldview perspective intellectual positions, fairly conforming with the certain ideological paradigms, which in entirety and complementarity, form the two opposing worldviews and two systems of life guidance of a person.

Keywords: materialism, theism, atheism, the externalism, the internalism, anti-scientism, scientism, philosophy of science, idealism, providentialism
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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