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Publications of Potaturov Vasilii Aleksandrovich
Pedagogy and education, 2019-3
Gusev D.A., Potaturov V.A. - Analogy as a Didactical Means pp. 92-103


Abstract: The subject of the research is the cognitive interest of students as one of the most important terms of professional activity of a school teacher and university professor from both practical and theoretical points of view. The efficiency of teaching efforts in many ways depends on whether students are interested in the discipline or not and how well they understand it. The object of the research is analogies as one of the didactical means that can be used to raise the cognitive interest of students. In teaching activity, analogies are a specifically presented theoretical illustration of the material given by a teacher. The authors of the article analyze analogy as a didactical means used to teach such university disciplines as philosophy, philosophy of cognition, history and philosophy of science and logic. As a didactical means, analogies are viewed as illustration of concepts and interaction between these concepts, for example, empirical and theoretical levels, description and explanation, verification principle and falsification principle, cumulativism and anticumulativism, scientism and antiscientism, truth and interpretation. One of the main conclusions that is of special theoretical and practical importance and constitutes the novelty of the research is the proof of educational irreplaceability and pedagogical efficiency of such didactical means as analogy. In varied theoretical contexts, analogy helps to make complex things simplier, unclear things more understandable, complicated things more clearer and thus raise the level of the cognitive interest of students and motivate them for studying 'boring' disciplines. 
Philosophy and Culture, 2018-10
Gusev D.A., Potaturov V.A. - Science and religion in the context of polemics between scientism and anti-scientism pp. 28-44


Abstract: The relevance of this topic is defined by the new twist in worldview antagonism between religion and atheism, creationism and evolutionism, materialism and idealism, anti-scientism and scientism at the current post-secular stage of development of the Russian society. The object of this research is the correlation and interaction of heuristic capabilities of such forms of spiritual culture as science and religion. The subject is the reflection of correlation and interaction of heuristic capabilities of science and religion, as well as their role and meaning for human life and society from the perspective of such sociocultural paradigms as scientism and anti-scientism. The research methods include comparative analysis, inductive generalization, modus tollens, analogy of relations as a variety of mediated conclusion, intellectual experiment and model schemes of dimensional relations between the notions. The scientific novelty is defined by the author’s reference to the problem of correlation and interaction from the standpoint of scientism and anti-scientism, science and religion, empirical and theoretical levels of scientific cognition, technique and technologies as problematic criterion of the truth, enlightenment and education, “physical” and metaphysical questions, and capabilities of scientific worldview. One of the conclusions lies in the statement that science, due to its instrumental nature, cannot be a worldview, while scientism is such, conferring the glorified by it science a bad favor by imposing the expectations that it is not able and does not have to deliver. Due to this, the scientifically interpreted antagonism between science and religion may be re-interpreted by anti-scientism into the peaceful existence and even mutual complementarity.
Politics and Society, 2017-4
Gusev D.A., Potaturov V.A. - The debate about theological education in the context of clericalism in modern Russian society pp. 155-165


Abstract: The object of research is process of clericalism in modern Russian society and the main features of clericalism as a theoretical mirovozzrencheskii and socio-political platform. The subject of this research is relevant in the socio-political space of modern Russia, the discussion on theological education and the possibility of philosophical synthesis on the basis of the ideological platforms of post-secularism. The author examines the relationship between teologiska and clericalism, tracing the deep ideological and historical roots of the latter. Special attention is paid to the possibility of theological education, which supporters proclaiming their ideological platform postsecular thinking, secretly are in positions of clericalism, thus trying under the guise of deepening social democracy to impose on society a "new middle ages".As methods of research used the historical-philosophical reconstruction, and cross-cultural analysis, inductive generalization and conclusions on the conditional-categorical syllogism, the formal-logical methods utanovleny volumetric relations between the concepts, definition and division concepts, methods, simulation, and thought experiment. The main conclusions of the research is a set of assertions that theological education based on ideological platform of clericalism, provoking a blurring of boundaries between scientific and non-scientific knowledge and, to some extent, the loss to science and philosophy of his heuristically-rational capacity and status. In the current modern domestic political and socio-cultural situation the task of the representative of both scientific and philosophical knowledge, perhaps, is that, armed with the "Occam's razor" to try to "clean up" the problem field of modern Russian social Sciences and Humanities from "multiplied" clericalism "entity" to prevent the danger of its transformation into the "new maid" of theology.
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2016-3
Gusev D.A., Potaturov V.A. - The problem of theological education and clericalization of modern Russian society pp. 64-73


Abstract: The object of this research is the process of clericalization of the modern Russian society, as well as the main features of clericalism as a theoretical worldview and sociopolitical platform. The subject of this research is the relevant discussion within the sociopolitical space of modern Russia on theological education and possibility of a worldview synthesis based on the ideological platform of postsecularism. The authors carefully examine the relations between theologism and clericalism, tracing deep ideological and historical roots of the latter. A special attention is given to the prospects of theological education, the supporters of which, proclaiming postsecular thought as their ideological platform, secretly stand on the positions of clericalism, thus attempting to obtrude the new Middle Ages upon the society under the disguise of social democracy. Among the main conclusions of the conducted research are claims that the theological education, which bases itself upon the ideological platform of clericalism, promotes blurring of the borders between the scientific and unscientific knowledge, and to a certain extent the loss of the heuristic-rational potential and status of science and philosophy. In the current Russian political and sociocultural situation, the task of the representative of both, the scientific and philosophical thought, perhaps lies in taking up the Occams razor and attempt to cleanse the problematic field of the modern Russian socio-humanitarian thought from essences that are exaggerated by clericalism, in order to prevent the danger of its transformation into the new maid of theology.
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