Статья 'Дора Эштон. Экзистенциализм (перевод)' - журнал 'Litera' - NotaBene.ru
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Dora Ashton. Existentialism (Translation)

Kulagina-Yartseva Valentina Sergeevna

Research assistant at Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 

111531, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 12 str. 1

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The author considers the history of the development of existentialism in America. The economic crisis of the thirtieth years developed into moral crisis of the fortieth, and "alienation of masses" under the influence of the psychology and economy of war developed into "alienation of the individual". Alienation becomes the keynote of the post-war decade. In art, the ideas broadly called existential began to prevail. Language of existentialists became part of the criticism in the late forties - early fiftieth. The big role in judgment of the artistic process was played by Sartre. During his long visit to the United States Sartre gave lectures at many American universities. In addition, Friedrich Nietzsche, with his prophetical tone and appeal to antiquity (Apollonian and Dionisian) also happened to be in tune with the feelings and creative urges of many artists belonging to New York School. The myth problem did not draw former attention of artists at the beginning of the fiftieth any more, and all traces of mythical hints disappeared from paintings. 

Keywords: Nietzsche, Sartre, art criticism, anxiety, psychology of war, individual, alienation, existentialism, New York School, problem of myth
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Solotaroff Theodore. Introduction to Isaac Rosenfeld: An Age of Enormity. New York: World, 1962.
d’Harnoncourt René. Challenge and Promise: Modern Art and Modern Society, Magazine of Art. New York, November 1948.
de Kooning Willem. Symposium: Bulletin of the Museum of Modern Art. New York, Spring, 1951.
Auden W.H. Age of Anxiety. New York: Random House, 1965.
Partisan Review. New York, March-April 1947.
Parker Tyler. Magazine of Art. New York, March 1950.
Guston Philip. It Is. New York, Spring, 1958, no. 1.
Sartre Jean-Paul. Existentialism and Humanism. London: Methuen, 1948.
Yunkers Adja. Tiger’s Eye. New York, June 1949, no. 8.
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