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Theoretical and Applied Economics
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Contents of Issue № 04/2020
This issue is currently being formed. All articles presented on this page have already been included in this issue, are considered published, and will remain unchanged in the final version of the issue along with other metadata of the articles.
Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Главный редактор: Дегтярев Александр Николаевич, доктор экономических наук, кандидат технических наук, Aleks-degt@yandex.ru
Contents of Issue № 04/2020
Regional economy
D'yachkov A.G., Surnina N.M., Shishkina E.A. - Formation of electric power infrastructure system of a region as a priority task of strategic planning of socioeconomic development of the territories pp. 1-13

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8647.2020.4.33944

Abstract: This article examines the organization of strategic planning of infrastructure systems within economic space of a region. The subject of this research is the processes of strategic planning of regional infrastructure systems. The goal consists in determination of peculiarities of strategic planning of the development of electric power infrastructure systems within economic space of a region. The theoretical-methodological framework contains the theories of spatial development, strategic planning, infrastructure systems and method of assessment of their impact upon socioeconomic development of the territories. The characteristic of infrastructure systems as the object of strategic planning are described. From the perspective of institutional approach, the author reveals the peculiarities of formation of the development strategy of regional infrastructure systems, and multilevel nature of the subjects of planning. Analysis is conducted on organization of strategic planning pf spatial infrastructure systems in regional development management on the example of electric power industry. The article explores the institutional environment for the development of the electric power infrastructure in the Russian Federation based on the analysis of terms and periodicity of preparing strategic documents and agreeing to the development goals. The strategic risks caused by failure of implementation of strategic planning documents are identified. Analysis of the balance between strategic investment and socioeconomic planning of territorial development and electric power infrastructure is carries out on the example of Sverdlovsk Oblast. The author outlines the relevant objectives of strategic planning for the development of infrastructure systems, which consist in ensuring connectedness, synchronicity of development plans of territorial development with the development of infrastructure, coherence of planning processes, implementation of development strategies of the regions and corporate sector.
World economy and international economic relations
Ozarnov R. - Gravity model of international trade among EAEU, SCO and BRICS countries pp. 14-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8647.2020.4.33954

Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of factors influencing the economic and financial cooperation of countries with developing market, namely EAEU, SCO and BRICS, by means of building a gravity model of trade. Special attention is given to affiliation of the countries to former USSR. The established timeframe starts with the crisis for Russia 2014 and continuous until the present. The subject of this research is the economic and financial relations emerged in the process of cooperation of EAEU, SCO and BRICS member-states with developing market. The author examines the factors affecting economic and financial cooperation of these countries, such as the size of external trade, gross domestic product per capita, trade openness index, currency appreciation rate of importing and exporting countries, distance between the countries, affiliation of the country with developing market to EAEU, SCO and BRICS. Using econometric methods, the author determines the factors impacting the cooperation of countries with developing markets within the three blocks – EAEU, SCO and BRICS based on the gravity model of international trade. This defines the scientific novelty of this work. The peculiarity of this model consists in availability of lag exchange rates. Inclusion of lag in reference to the currency rate of the exporter led to exclusion of 2014 data from sampling. The acquired results should be taken into account Russia’s cooperation on bilateral and multilateral basis within the framework of EAEU, SCO and BRICS.
Economic theory and history of economic thought
Tsurikov V.I. - Model of bribery deterrence pp. 28-38

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8647.2020.4.30307

Abstract: The subject of this research is the measures for halting the flow of bribes (product of the number of bribes by the average value). One of the key factors of corruption rampant in modern Russia consists in the weak stimuli and absence of adequate motivation among the representatives of law enforcement agencies. The research was conducted using the methods of mathematical modeling, and is based on the assumption that penal sanctions are the only punishment intended for the official caught in the act of accepting the bribe. In order for the controller who imposes penalty not to have stimulus to accept a bribe from the official in the amount lower than the amount of penalty for concealing his offence, the penalty becomes the property of the controller in full. It is assumed that each of the parties aims for maximization of their net income. Conditions are established, under which the flow of bribes a) only increases, b) along with efforts of the controller, makes periodic fluctuations in time, c) monotonously tends to zero.
Economic demography and labor economics
Tyuleneva T.I., Kurashova E.A. - Current state of labor resources of active working age in the Russian Federation pp. 39-49

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8647.2020.4.34013

Abstract: The subject of this research is the labor resources (employed, unemployed, and persons not in the labor force). The object of this research is the Russian Federation. The article reviews various opinions of the scholars on the concept of “labor resources”. As a result, the authors proposed the original perspective on the concept of labor resources. The article examines the essence of labor resources from the standpoint of national economy, as well as the structure of labor resources. The research materials on the dynamics of labor resources (labor force and persons who in the labor force) for the period from January 2019 to June 2020 are provided. The conclusion is made that the overall dynamics of labor resources of active working age is consistent, despite negative impact of COVID-19 pandemic upon the economy and seasonal (spring-autumn period) fluctuations related to the influx of workers involved in such seasonal activities as agriculture, fishing, mining industry, water and river transport, etc. The acquired data indicate on the possibility of insignificant reduction of labor resources of active working age in July, August and September 2020. The authors forecast the number of labor resources of the active working age for that period.
Economic theory and history of economic thought
Samoilova L.K. - General-purpose geographically oriented economy as a preferred model of safe economic development of the Russian Federation pp. 50-65

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8647.2020.4.34278

Abstract: This article, based on the analysis of the provisions of economic science, characterizes the peculiarities of different economic models – socially oriented, “green”, innovation, and digital, which allowed formulating the advantages and disadvantages for economic agents in the context of transition to each model. Emphasis is usually placed on the positive aspects of replacement of general vector of economic development; however, reluctance of an individual, society, state, and its structural units to reforms can become a threat to the economic security of the territory, instigating the emergence of borderline states – conditionally safe, pseudo-safe, and those evolving into dangerous if neglected. Therefore, the goal of this article lies in clarification of the attributes of the aforementioned schemes that substantiates the need for transition of the Russian Federation towards the model of general-purpose geographically oriented economy. The author argues the opinion according to which shift of the vector of economic development in public legal entities of different level should be implemented with consideration of their internal capacity, and neglect of its state can lead to the emergence of borderline states of economy of the territory on the grounds of protection from negative activities – conditionally safe, pseudo-safe. Due to high degree of differentiation of the Russian regions, the model of general-purpose geographically oriented economy that focuses on the local specificities is proposed for avoiding the growing imbalances. The obtained results are aimed at broadening of the provisions of economic science. The authorial approach towards restructuring of the economic model applicable to the constituent entities of the Russian Federation would allow minimizing the unsuccessful attempts of changing the socioeconomic vector of their development.
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