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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Globalization, glocalization, mass culture"
Globalization, glocalization, mass culture
Antipov D.A., Kostylev I.O. - Museum souvenir: the evolution of museum pp. 82-91


Abstract: The object of this research is the modern culture in globalized world. The subjects is the museum souvenir as an example for the analysis of processes that take place in museum industry, which in turn, is a part of the institutional culture. The goal of this work consists in determination of the key reasons that lead to the changes in museum industry. The set goal is realized through the analysis of the phenomenon of museum souvenir in museum practice. The authors examine the causes of evolution of the modern museum, as well as analyze the transformations in museum practice, and their correlation with the phenomenon of museum souvenir. The conclusion is made that in the second half of the XX century, human civilization entered the urban era. The development of industrial cities has changed the structure of social relations; an individual with the desire for maximal comfort has come to the fore. Achievement of comfort implies the consumption of goods and services, as well as longing and ability to own. A man of consumer society wants to have everything that surrounds him, including culture. Culture transforms into a form of entertainment, becomes popular, understandable, and available. The latter is supported by the development of tourism industry. A tourist, getting in touch with diverse culture around the world, expects it to be comprehensible and entertaining. For “interpreting” the local culture onto the language of mass consumption, have been created the “museums for tourists”, where a person can feel comfortable. The new museums do not require from the visitors the efforts for cognizing the “historical memory of culture”, but rather present the “images” of culture that fit in the global and generally accepted categories. Museum turns into a “souvenir shop”, recreation center, and thus, integrates into the system of global marker. In the process of such integration, special place belongs to a museum souvenir, which allows the museum succeeding as a trademark, adjusting the cultural code to public, and making profit. Such processes testify to the changes in basic function of a museum: it no longer need to accumulate the objects of historical memory, but rather create the “images” of culture.
Shapinskaia E.N., Ivanov S.V. - Youth music subcultures in globalized world: aesthetic values and search of identity pp. 92-104


Abstract: The subject of this research is the youth subcultures based on the commonality of tastes in music and the existing various forms of music activity. This problem is relevant to the modern world with neighboring globalization strategies and the effort of cultures to preserve identity. These processes in many cases are outspoken in creative practices, including subcultural. Namely through subcultural practices the youth finds the application to the strive for self-expression, which often cause rejection by the dominant culture. The main conclusion consists in the acknowledgment of the necessity of careful attention to the youth subcultural practices as an expression of aesthetic values and identification strategies of the modern youth. The authors note the importance of comparison of the subcultural practices with the basic aesthetic values, as well as of inclusion of the forms of subcultural activity into the more extensive sociocultural context for the purpose of encouragement of the creative skills and self-expression among the youth.
Savvina O.V. - The problem of moral justification of abortion in Islamic culture within the context of the globalization. pp. 96-109


Abstract: The article analyzes the problem of moral justification of abortion in Islamic culture within the context of the modern globalizing world. The author discusses/points out cultural, social and philosophical history of legalizing abortion in Europe, the UK and the USA. She makes the following conclusions: 1) the religious world view has been replaced by the scientific one; 2) the transferring of the important questions of human existence have moved from the religious realm to the scientific one; 3) the transformation of traditional medical ethics to bioethical discourse.During the last few years there has been an increasing interest in the problem of abortion in Islamic countries and clerical Islamic states as well. Some of the countries legalized therapeutic abortion and abortion for social reasons at the beginning of the XXI century. The article analyzes the reasons for liberalization of the views on termination of pregnancy in Islamic culture. As a result, the author comes to the conclusion that modern interpretation of the Glorious Qur’an justifies abortion within special circumstances. In general, some members of the medical profession in Islamic culture argue for the liberalization of abortion policies which thus reflects the influence of the world bioethical discourse, which was formed mostly in western culture.
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