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Publications of Popova Svetlana Mikhailovna
Law and Politics, 2019-10
Popova S.M., Shakhray S.M. - Political and legal mechanisms of correction of the majority decisions within constitutional history of modern Russia pp. 59-71


Abstract: The subject of this research is the political and legal mechanism of realization of the ideas and model reflected in the new constitutions (including the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993), in the conditions of instability and absence of social cohesion. Special attention is dedicated to the so-called counter-majoritarian institutions, which can most effectively and legitimately “correct” the lawfully and democratically made majority decisions if they do not correspond with the interests of social development or violate rights and freedoms of the citizens. Based on retrospective analysis, it is demonstrated that in modern Russia, since the new Constitution came into force, the indicated functions are exercised by the Head of the State and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. The conclusion is made that the constitutions establishing counter-majoritarian mechanisms, ensure stability and due development of the new statehood and legal system more reliably. These institutions, among other matters, also contribute to sustainability of the modern political systems, characterized with more profound segmentation, as well as support of the political inclusion of minorities.  
Politics and Society, 2019-6
Popova S.M. - From managerialism to slow science: what use can be gained from the experience of Netherlands? pp. 41-54


Abstract: This article demonstrates the results of study of the relevant experience of Netherlands with regards to management of scientific development. The subject of analysis is the valuable practices applicable for transfer. It appears that the search of effective balance of the instruments of national scientific policy can and should take into account experience of the countries, which have undergone such stages that are currently getting adapted by the Russian Federation, since the mistakes of others help to avoid the irrational use of resources. In particular, there has established the idea of counterproductivity of managerialistic approaches, when the main criterion of management efficiency becomes the maximum reduction in response time of the managed system. It is underlined that the experience of Netherlands may be useful for the Russian Federation as an example of successful involvement of the entire society and the key stakeholders into determination of the priorities of “scientific agenda” alongside the priorities of scientific and technological development. Special attention is given to the Dutch principles for assessing the efficiency of scientific research that suggest shifting the emphasis from the formal scientometric indicators to consideration of social importance of the acquired results.
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019-4
Popova S.M. - Seeking the models for State-building in post-crisis societies: some theoretical approaches and Russian experience of the late 1990s, early 2000s pp. 1-10


Abstract: The article discusses the problems associated with the search for effective models and strategies of State-building for post-crisis societies. As is well known, the international community supports the processes of democratic transformation in various countries, as well as provides assistance in resolving conflicts. It is assumed that the efforts of such international assistance should result in a stable State. However, the history of the late XX early XXI centuries showed that the use of a democratic (Western) model for non-Western cultural context does not guarantee successful state-building. The phenomena of the 'failed state' and the 'fragile state' have become widely known.The paper proposes some theoretical approaches to be taken into account when choosing a model of State for post-crisis societies in order to avoid the risks of statehood failure.The author analyzes the successful Russian experience in the late 1990’s – early 2000’s of implementing 'tailor-made' models of State at the regional level, taking into account the diversity of the political, cultural, and socio-economical context of post-crisis societies. The higher efficiency of specialized models in comparison with universal models is demonstrated.
Trends and management, 2019-4
Popova S.M. - To the question of the notion of digital transformation of science pp. 1-16


Abstract: Based on the analysis of a vast massif of multi-lingual scientific literature in the broad context, the author examines development of the perception of the phenomenon of digital transformation of society as a whole and science in particular. Since digital transformation takes place “here and now”, objectively leading the process of scientific cognition in its essence and results, any current results of comprehension of this scale of multi-level process objectively carry private, intermediary character. However, clarification of the content of this concept and formation of analytical constructs that would unambiguously describe the specificity of the new social reality are necessary for the theory and management practice. It is noted that academic concept of digital transformation of science did not completely form and is dynamically changing in accord with the development of reality. Analysis of the scope of ideas pertaining to digital transformation and various accompanying concepts allows formulating perceptions on the essence of this phenomenon in the sphere of science. This work demonstrates the dual character of the impact of digitalization upon the scientific sphere and functionality of knowledge.
Law and Politics, 2019-3
Popova S.M. - On the need to consider the effects of digital inequality for assessing the quality of development of e-democracy in Russia pp. 1-13


Abstract: The subject of this research is the manifestations of digital inequality, neglect of which can lead to distortion of feedback between the state and society in the process of rapid digitalization of various mechanism of their interaction. Particularly, the structure of offline and online society in Russia, as in the rest of the world, differs by many parameters. It is demonstrated that even though the phenomenon of digital inequality is well known and actively researched throughout the world, de facto its impact is not considered in government projects aimed at stimulating political participation on the basis of platform relations. For the first time, the author raises the question on the need for better study of the phenomenon of digital inequality in Russia in the context of the impact of its effects upon the quality of establishment of e-democracy and mechanisms of feedback between the government and society. Neglecting this factor in the conditions of rapid digitalization of public policy increases the risks of discrimination of interests of various social groups, development of digital ochlocracy, as well as other negative phenomena.
Space Research, 2019-2
Popova S.M. - Impact of needs of space economy development on the legal regulation (a case study of the Luxembourg initiative pp. 32-46


Abstract: This article presents the results obtained within the framework of the research program for novelties of modern space law that arise in connection with the needs of the space economy development. Based on the analysis of the effects of the Luxembourg initiative (February 2016 to December 2019), the author investigates possible consequences for the system of international space law. There is a growing global interest in replicating the experience of Luxembourg for creating "legal offshore" to stimulate new types of space activities. The facts demonstrate that implementation of the initiative, supported by the tools of "soft power," "soft law", investments, and other technologies, helps expand the "window of discourse" in matters of space resources private use. This process can cause a sudden change in the rules of the competitive game in the global space market. It is necessary to monitor this kind of "disruptive" political and legal innovations, since rapid changes in the global space economy and international law directly affect the interests of the Russian Federation.
International Law and International Organizations, 2018-4
Popova S.M. - Relevant questions of international legal regulation of space activities and ways for their solution pp. 1-9


Abstract: This publication is dedicated to the analysis of discussions and results of the First United Nations Conference on Space Law and Policy, which was held in Moscow on September 11-13, 2018 under the aegis of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs – UNOOSA and the Government of the Russian Federation. The agenda consisted of the most topical questions that require the elaboration of agreed solutions for ensuring the reliable, safe and peaceful use of outer space at the benefit of entire humanity. The author analyzes the expert positions on such questions as ensuring security of space activities and outer space; prevention of the emergence of “space trash” and elimination of its consequences; exploration and development of space resources; management of space traffic. It is demonstrated that the forum held in Moscow gave incentives and instruments for further development of international cooperation for the speedy settlement of topical issues on space activities, as well as defined the key trends of continuous development of the international and national space law and policy. The author underlines the transition from the theoretical legal disputes regarding the fundamental admissibility of commercial extraction of extraterrestrial resources towards the practical search for potential model of the corresponding political legal regime, which would meet the interests of all UN member-states.
Trends and management, 2018-2
Popova S.M., Yanik A.A. - Use of the data of global monitoring for development of substantiated scientific-innovation policy: results of a pilot study pp. 23-40


Abstract:  This article provides the results of a pilot study of the specificities of science and innovations management systems in a number of European countries (Netherlands, Germany, and the United Kingdom), taking into account the data from global monitoring of the socioeconomic and scientific-innovation development. The goal of this research is to find approaches that would enable development of national scientific-innovative “ecosystems” in all their multi-dimensionality and complexity, and subsequently, discovery of interconnection between the factors and processes, which are managed within the framework of separate strategies with unique systems of monitoring and assessment of performance. Using the specific examples alongside relevant data from the various global monitoring (2007-2017), the authors demonstrate that the expansion of the context of study of the phenomena at hand contributes to determination of the factors, crucial for the development of evidence-based recommendations on improving the techniques and methods of government administration in the area of science and innovations.  
Space Research, 2018-2
Popova S.M. - "Hague Model" of Space Resource Activities Regulation and Prospects for the Transformation of International space law pp. 144-174


Abstract: The article analyzes the key approaches to the model of space resource activities regulations proposed by the Hague Space Resources Governance Working Group in view to encouraging States to engage in negotiations for an international agreement or non-legally binding instrument. Particular attention is paid to the instrumental, political and legal nature of the document under analysis, which is designed to stimulate the pace of international law-making and to create legal certainty for potential participants in the space resource activities within a reasonable period.
Space Research, 2018-1
Popova S.M., Yanik A.A. - Approaches to a POssible Model for Space Resources Mining Regulations


Abstract: The co-authors present their ideas to contribute to the UNOOSA discussions on a possible legal model of regulating the space resources exploration, exploitation, and utilization.It is shown that finding modalities to regulate the field of space resources mining properly is not a purely legal problem. It is a problem of seeking the international consensus for choosing an operating model the Space resources mining activities will develop within. The analysis of current discussions marks that the legal philosophy cannot be able to propose the legal model which would be endorsed by all UN countries. In todays context, it would be more useful to start with the search for workable solutions which most of UN countries will consider as politically fair and economically efficient ones. The authors note the practical benefit of analysis the issues of space resources regulations from different perspectives and give some modalities for a consensus to find as well as proposals for action. In particular, the authors suggest for discussion the proposal to balance the potential permission to perform the freedom of economic activity in Outer Space by the legally binding norms requiring bodies involved in the space resources mining to allocate a certain share of the profits from this activity to develop space exploration opportunities for the non-space countries.
Space Research, 2017-4
Popova S.M. -


Space Research, 2017-1
Popova S.M. - A new trend of space law: creation of favourable jurisdictions for space activities


Abstract: The research object is national legislation, regulating space activities. The research subject is the changes, testifying the emergence of new trends in space law development. Based on the comparative analysis of statutory instruments of different countries, international organizations (particularly, the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs, etc.) and the positions of the world expert community, the author studies the fundamental approaches to the regulation of the regime of foreign companies, involved in space activities within national jurisdiction of other states. To accomplish the research tasks, the author applies the formal-logical, comparative (comparative-historical, comparative-legal) and other research methods. The author notes that the growth of the “space sector” of the economy objectively leads to the increase of the general level of innovative development of the country; it encourages other countries to attract foreign companies, involved in space activities, to their national jurisdiction. The author defines three ways to solve this problem; concludes about the emergence of a new trend in space law, aimed at the creation of “favourable jurisdictions” for space activities; describes the factors, influencing the formation of this trend, and the related challenges to the global space law system.  
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-1
Shapkina E.A. - Modern Russian and Foreign Internet Resources of Official Archives as a Source for Studying History of the Russian State of the Late XXth - Early XXIst Centuries pp. 18-35


Abstract: Researches of Russian history of the 'epoch of changes' are rather difficult as a result of insufficient theory and methodology as well as paradoxical features of the database which is insufficient, having many gaps and at the same time excessive. Taking into account that the breakdown of the USSR and development of a new Russian state were the key processes of that period, one of the most important sources of information about those events are official documents of state authorities. The subject of the present research is the analysis and evaluation of Russian and foreign official Internet archive resources as a source for studying history of the Russian statehood of the late XXth - early XXIst centuries. To achieve the research objectives the author has applied the systems, comparative-historical, comparative-legal, structural-functional approaches and methods of induction, formalisation, systematisation and other analytical methods. The author has analyzed the largest Russian Internet archives as well as a number of foreign resources containing original digital documents on history of the USSR and Russia of the late XXth - early XXIst centuries and concludes that these digital resources have a great potential and high scientific value as a source of original historical information. 
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-1
Popova S.M. - Analysis of Foreign and Russian Experience in the Development of Digital Infrastructure of Socio-Humanitarian Researches pp. 208-251


Abstract: The subject of the present research is the contemporary Russian and foreign experience in the development of the digital research infrastructure in the field of social studies and humanities including history. Internet Revolution and the transfer to the 'information society' have drastically changed not only the place and role of information and communication technologies in science and everyday life but even our image of possible forms of scientific researches. Special attention is paid to the encouragement of creation of sustainable scientific 'ecosystems' based on digital research infrastructures and deliberate support of the processes of self-organization of the research community. To achieve the objectives of the research the author has applied the methods of analysis, synthesis, data systematisation, comparative-historical, systems, structural and other scientific methods. The author makes a conclusion that the digital infrastructure of socio-humanitarian researches in the Russian Federation is quite behind such infrastructures of the global and European levels. One of the reasons for that is the opinion that the research infrastructure should be represented only by the centers of collectively used scientific equipment and unique researches in the field of natural sciences. In addition, a serious obstacle for the development of the digital research infrastructure in our country in social humanities is that digital technologies are usually excluded from the priorities of the state science advancement policy. The author provides a review of the Russian Internet resources (2000 - 2014) that can be important elements of the Russian digital infrastructure in the field of history. 
Sociodynamics, 2014-12
Popova S.M., Yanik A.A. - Digital Infrastructure of Interactions Between Society, Science and Mass Media as a Factor of the Tranfer to Knowledge Economy pp. 1-35


Abstract: The subject of research is the change of a place and role of system of communications of science and society in the modern world. The domestic and foreign experience connected with searches of methods of increase of mutual understanding of science and society, increase of system effectiveness of scientific communications is analyzed. The special attention is paid to the questions connected with changes concerning public opinion to science in general and to the budgetary expenses on scientific researches in particular. New problems of scientific journalism as one of instruments of development of ability of people to perceive new, to find advantage in changes, to create steady demand for innovations are considered. For the solution of research problems are used system, formal and logical, structurally functional, comparative-historical, comparative and legal and other methods. The conclusion that creation of uniform digital infrastructure of interaction of science, mass media and societies is need for conditions of the information world is drawn, and ideas of a place and role of system of scientific communications have to be reconsidered. It is noted that the modern system of scientific communications can't be limited to the sphere of scientific journalism and promoting of achievements of science. The speech has to go about formation of mechanisms which provide openness and the accountability of science to society, promote formation of demand for innovations and scientific knowledge, give the chance objectively to estimate a science contribution to the solution of problems of social development.
International Law and International Organizations, 2014-3
Popova S.M., . -


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