International Law - rubric International law and international organizations interaction
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "International Law" > Rubric "International law and international organizations interaction"
International law and international organizations interaction
Kolobov R.Y., Ganeva E.O. - Features of legal protection of some World Natural Heritage sites in Bulgaria pp. 10-27


Abstract: The subject of the research in the framework of this article is the practice of Bulgaria's fulfillment of international obligations to protect such natural heritage sites as the Pirin National Park and the Srebyrna Nature Reserve. The features of the development of the ecological state of the specially protected natural territories under study are considered, the problems of their legal protection are identified, and the main measures that have allowed preventing the degradation of unique natural complexes, in particular, the application of the management plan for specially protected territories in the Republic of Bulgaria, are analyzed. The issues concerning the boundaries of the World Heritage sites under consideration and the procedure for their determination are investigated, the possibility of extending the buffer zone regime to the territories excluded from the World Heritage site Lake Baikal is assessed. The analysis of the experience of cooperation between the authorities of the Republic of Bulgaria and the World Heritage protection system in relation to the Pirin National Park and the Srebyrna Nature Reserve allows us to recognize the effectiveness of interaction between national and international means of nature protection. Using the comparative legal method of research, it is concluded that the positive experience of Bulgaria can be applied in solving the problems of protecting the World Heritage site Lake Baikal, including the establishment of a requirement at the level of law to prepare management plans. Based on the results of the analysis, the authors formulated recommendations for improving the domestic regulatory framework in the field of protection of World Heritage sites.
Gorelik I.B. - The Role of international Organizations in the Process of countering Cybercrime pp. 28-41



Abstract: The subject of the study is the role of international organizations in the formation of an international legal system for countering cross-border cybercrime. The purpose of the study is to identify current trends in the work of international organizations in the field of the formation of regional and global legal systems for countering cybercrime. The system approach and formal legal approach are used as the main research methods. As a result of the study, specific features of regional international organizations and legal problems of countering cybercrime were identified, the question of the applicability of existing international law to cyberspace was analyzed. In particular, it is noted that at the moment modern international law is not capable of adequately and effectively countering cybercrime. The absence of a universal international legal act regulating the process of combating cybercrime is emphasized. On the other hand, the positive role of individual international organizations in the formation of the international legal system of counteraction is noted. In particular, the study describes the practice of forming expert groups by such organizations, as well as assistance to other regional international organizations in the process of creating their own international legal systems. One of the main conclusions is the conclusion that the absence of a universal UN legal document creates certain difficulties in the course of interstate coordination of procedural actions of law enforcement agencies and interaction of relevant international organizations. The author also concludes that the law-making experience of individual international organizations can be taken as a basis for the creation of a universal international legal act regulating the fight against cybercrime.
Shinkaretskaya G.G., Rednikova T.V. - Influence of the Arctic Council upon the formation of a single legal space in the Arctic Region pp. 29-39


Abstract: The Arctic Council was established in accordance with the 1996 Ottawa Declaration as a “high level intergovernmental forum” for ensuring cooperation in the Arctic. It concentrates on the promotion of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic. The scientific research conducted in the early 2000s under the auspices of the Arctic Council provided a more holistic representation of the problems of the Arctic and methods for their solution. Currently, the Arctic Council is the so-called coordinating center for the development of the Arctic legal order, being a place for negotiations, outlining the positions of the countries on specific issues, and establishing possible solutions to the problems. With the assistance of the Arctic Council, the Arctic sates have concluded certain treaties. Besides the eight Arctic states, which have authority for decision-making in the Council along with the right to discuss its policy and manage the six executive committees, the observing countries out of the non-Arctic states have been included to the Councils, although with restrictions in their powers thereof. The Arctic Council is recognized by the international community as the leading and responsible organizer of legal order in the Arctic Ocean that represents the interests of both Arctic and non-Arctic states. The involvement of non-Arctic states in the Arctic Council may improve the effectiveness of its activity in the sphere of sustainable development and environmental protection, as well as ensure their commitment to the results achieved within the Council and assert position of the Council as the most logical and appropriate place for the formation of international coordination in the Arctic.
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