World Politics - rubric Global cooperation
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Global cooperation
Shugurov M.V., Kolodub G.V. - CERN's sanctions regime against Russian science: nature, features and consequences pp. 32-56



Abstract: The subject of the article is the process of forming the CERN sanctions regime regarding Russia's participation in global scientific megaprojects in the field of theoretical physics. The purpose of the article is to reveal the content and organizational mechanism of CERN sanctions aimed at ending institutional cooperation with Russia. The objectives of the study include determining the algorithm of the long-term bilateral strategic partnership between Russia and CERN; revealing the grounds and logic of CERN's unilateral termination of promising cooperation with Russia, as well as predicting the negative consequences of sanctions. The authors pay special attention to testing the research hypothesis that CERN's antiRussian sanctions policy is based on a combination of, on the one hand, politicized principles, and, on the other, extreme prudence, which resulted in the "stretching" of the measures taken over time and their focus on taking into account the current geopolitical situation. This indicates the incompleteness of the transition from the logic of scientific diplomacy to the rigid logic of sanctions, which makes it possible to predict the preservation of some elements of scientific diplomacy in relations between CERN and Russia.The methodological base of the research includes traditional methods and approaches (analysis and synthesis, abstraction and generalization; modeling; forecasting; the general scientific principle of dialectical development; a systematic approach), as well as new methods (meta-analysis, discursive analysis, stochastic factor analysis). It is concluded that CERN's sanctions policy, based on an appeal to value motivations, is characterized by flexible consideration of the current geopolitical situation and the gradual nature of the restrictive measures taken. The research hypothesis about the preservation of a certain potential of scientific diplomacy in relations between CERN and Russia has been confirmed in the work. This is reflected in the continuation of cooperation and fulfillment of obligations under existing bilateral agreements. It is proved that, by their nature, CERN sanctions belong to an independent category of sanctions against Russian science, which are imposed by international structures operating in the field of megascience. The novelty of the research lies in the actualization of the need to develop a special direction of Russian scientific and technical policy aimed at mitigating the consequences of sanctions complications in relations with international organizational structures in the field of megascience.
Pavlov P.V. - Special economic zones as a mechanism for efficient development of international investment and innovative activities. pp. 51-144


Abstract: Strengthening of international competition caused losses in the global market for the Russian enterprises and directly threatened  national markets. The lack of investments and new innovative technologies "kicks" the Russian machine and engineering industry further and further away from the progressive Western companies.  The Government of the Russian Federation is willing to achieve faster economic growth by attracting investments and innovative development via revival of the Special Economic Zones. In spite of the presence of the Federal Law  N. 116-FZ of 22 July, 2005 on SEZ, there are both legal and organizational problems in their functioning. Due to this fact it is necessary to study economic, legal, organizational and financial elements of functioning of the SEZ institution in Russia and abroad in order to form an efficient mechanism for the development of the leading economic industries. The legislation on SEZ should support innovative development and spending on Research and Advanced Development by introducing technology adoption and forming business idea incubators for their further commercialization by transfer of serial production into the SEZ.  The result of this study was a conceptual overview of SEZ as a full-value international mechanism facilitating investment attractiveness and competitiveness of state and its institutions within certain branches.
Kovalev A.A., Knyazeva E.Y. - The global governance problem in the modern Western academic literature: the main approaches and concepts
pp. 65-77


Abstract: The global governance theories assessment is among the poorly studied problems in Russian political science, though its topicality in the modern age of civilizational confrontation is beyond dispute. Primarily, the necessity to study the key global governance concepts is determined by the need for establishing effective relations with the Western and the Eastern countries. The purpose of the article is to analyze and estimate the main foreig global governance concepts, and it is achieved by solving the following tasks: 1) to consider the main definitions of global governance; 2) to detect the problem of legitimacy in international relations; 3) to consider the legitimacy of global governance. The authors give special attention to the underestimated source of global governance legitimacy - the liberal legal principles. As a political program, global governance is understood as a political and legal aspect of globalization. In recent decades, global governance theories have been adopted as a research program in the field of social sciences. Within the (neo)liberal institutionalism tradition, particularly, the interdependence theories, global governance approaches consider the consolidation of international cooperation and the transformation of the global system in which the anarchical system of sovereign national states is considered as a multilayer system including nongovernmental subjects. The researchers try to model power as “governance” without subjects which  are formally justified and entitled with the use of force monopoly. The future of global governance is connected with effective international law able to timely settle the arising disputes and deter possible aggression which, in the age of civilizational confrontation, can lead to the last war in human history. The effectiveness of global governance depends on what globalization direction the leading civilizations will choose: the force-based American way, or the way taking into account the interests of most peoples of the world.   
Nemtsev I.A. - The Eurasian Union as a new pole of global civilization pp. 68-89


Abstract: The problem of economic integration and the creation and development of the Eurasian Economic Union has been urgent for the post-Soviet states for many years. The author considers the formation of the Eurasian Union as a confederative state which can be created on the base of the states of the Eurasian Economic Union. The author considers different variants of integration of the post-soviet space as the CIS, the Customs Union, the SCO, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Union State of Belarus and Russia and others. The author uses the general scientific methods: abstraction, idealization, comparison, modeling, analysis, synthesis and others. The problem is considered on the base of the provisions and conclusions of the modern Russian and foreign scholars, researchers and thinkers. The author outlines and substantiates the general and substantial reasons for the Eurasian economic integration and justifies the abilities of the Eurasian Union to solve the common problems. The author concludes that the creation of the EAU can also strengthen the Russia’s role on the international scene thus furthering the solution of the problem of regional security, and can weaken the influence of the leading Western countries on the world community. The studied factors of integration – economic benefits of the countries of the Eurasian Union and the strengthening of their joint security and influence on the global processes dictated by the US – are the key factors of this regional integration. 
Polunina O.S. - The specific features of agenda formation by the leading European mass media: focus on the Latin America. pp. 99-107


Abstract: The mass media have always had permanent attention of the society due to their information operative specificities.  The global transfer to the information age added more topical issues to it.  The ever-growing amounts of information presuppose that information is administered and managed.  Any method used by a manipulator has an influence on public opinion.  And there is a large variety of manipulative methods and goals.  And while in accordance with the generally recognized approach by E.L. Dotsenko "manipulation is a type of psychological influence, artful use of which leads to hidden formation of a person's will towards matters, which do not correspond to its actually existing wishes", currently it is civilized competition in accordance with the rules of information work, rather than open manipulation.  The mass media serve as an important information influence and the form public opinion.  The leading global mass media are potential intermediaries in the dialogue among the global audiences. That is why, it is of interest to study manipulative potential and the key directions of influence of the mass media. In order to narrow the object of studies, the author turns to the issues regarding the Latin America in the focus of the European mass media, since the Latin America serves as a newsmaker and provides news regularly.  For the purpose of this research the author limited analysis to the attitude towards the Latin American world among the following European mass media: The Independent, The Times, The Telegraph, The Observer, The Guardian.
Ursul A.D. - Latin American vector of global sustainability acquisition pp. 102-115


Abstract: The research subject is the study of global tendencies of Latin America transition to sustainable development. Such transition is aimed at settling the argument between the rising needs of humanity and the inability of the biosphere to satisfy them without being rapidly and massively destroyed. The sustainable development strategy is supported by the states of Latin American region where the understanding is strengthening that its effective usage is impossible merely at the national level and requires regional, interregional and global approaches. The author’s aim is to analyze the global “background” and international and regional dimension processes of Latin America acquisition of global sustainability. The author outlines basic directions and the first steps of Latin America states transition to sustainable development, and emphasizes the leading role of Brazil in this process. All the more so as the country is strengthening its ability to influence the pursuing of sustainable development goals via BRICS. Since its foundation, this international association of five large countries has oriented towards the effective transition to sustainable development in its unique format. The strengthening of cooperation between these countries is expected, including that in BRICS Plus format, in “sustainable transition”, which is also proved by the participation in this process of the recently created BRICS departments - the New Development Bank and the Network University. The author assesses the influence of COVID pandemic on the further socio-economic development of the region and on the process of implementation of sustainable development goals.   
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