Agriculture - rubric Development of Farmers Market
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Agriculture" > Rubric "Development of Farmers Market"
Development of Farmers Market
Martyshenko N.S., Martyshenko S.N. - Drinking and mineral water market formation in Primorsky krai: socio-environmental aspects
pp. 22-31


Abstract: The quality of water is an essential part element of the quality of life. The research subject is the conditions and factors of the bottled water market formation in Primorsky krai. The urgency of the problem of bottled water production increases along with the rise in anthropogenic influence on the natural environment. The poor quality of tap water in the krai is determined to a large extent by the extremely worn-out state of water supply and water disposal systems. Under such circumstances it is important to form the culture of water consumption by the population based on the conscious choice and the structure of bottled water consumption. Therefore, the authors give special attention to the study of the level of awareness of the population about the quality and the impact of the consumed water on health. The research is based on the analysis of the online surveying of the population of Primorsky krai. The questionnaires were based on the Google platform. Most respondents have noted the deterioration of the ecological situation in the region in recent years. The results of the survey show that the deterioration of the ecological situation as a result of contamination of water bodies is very significant for the respondents. The research has proved low awareness of the population about the quality of the consumed water and its impact on health. The authors conclude about the necessity to raise the responsibility of producers and suppliers of bottled water for the quality of water. The authors bear out the necessity to  implement the programme aimed at the construction of spring-wells and aesthetic improvement of surrounding areas.  
Vladimirov I.A. - Legal problems of the development of agricultural entrepreneurship pp. 28-37


Abstract: The author finds out that the modern jurisprudence falls behind the pace of development of the real industrial sector, including that of Russia’s agricultural economy, therefore, all that scientists can do is to scientifically describe the objective reality. The author notes that the problem of legal regulation of agricultural entrepreneurship is aggravated by the complex character of normative regulation of this field the practice of which includes the provisions of civil, entrepreneurial, tax, labour, land, environmental and agricultural legislation. The author uses the method of analysis of legal regulations to detect the meaning of the legal provision and define the degree of its impact on the development of social relations involving the subjects of agricultural entrepreneurship. The author uses the comparative-legal method to compare, characterize and detect the peculiarities of the legal status of the subjects of agricultural entrepreneurship, and to compare the constitutional and legal provisions of foreign states regulating agricultural business. The author studies the works of foreign authors in the field of study. Based on them and on the analysis of the works of Russian scientists, the author substantiates the agricultural business legal regulation concept. The author formulates the definitions of the terms “agricultural entrepreneurship”, “agricultural business entity”, “legal regulation of agricultural business”, “agricultural organization”. The author defines the basis of legal regulation of agricultural entrepreneurship.   
Morkovkin D.E. - Development of the Mechanism of Grain Market Regulation as a Direction of the State Agro-Industrial Policy of the Russian Federation pp. 104-110


Abstract: In modern conditions of global geopolitical instability and economic sanctions, the mechanism of state procurement and commodity interventions in Russia is not an effective tool for regulating the grain market. The subject of the research is the state policy in the field of development of agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation in order to develop proposals for improving the mechanisms of regulation of the grain market. The object of the study is the direction and mechanisms of agricultural policy of modern Russia.The study focuses on the analysis of the main shortcomings of the current mechanism of regulation of the Russian grain market, and offers a completely new alternative models to maintain the profitability of agricultural producers.The paper uses theoretical and empirical methods, in particular: literature review, logical, statistical and expert assessments, methods of empirical data collection, system analysis, description and processing of research results.The main results of the study are the following provisions. The author proposes the use of alternative models to maintain the level of income of agricultural producers in order to reduce the costs of the Federal budget and improve the efficiency of this mechanism, within the framework of which an effective institution can be created that regulates the grain market on the principles of public-private partnership – grain commodity-credit corporation. Performing such functions as warehouse receipt and purchase of grain, commodity-credit corporation will receive benefits from the state. At the same time, elimination of the excess of grain in the Russian Federation constituents (the grain that is left after the other part of the grain has been exported) by granting subsidy for transportation rates and thus raising competitive ability of aforesaid product will stabilize prices for grain on the internal market and create the basis for extending the grain export. 
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