Agriculture - rubric Food Safety and Import Substitution
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Agriculture" > Rubric "Food Safety and Import Substitution"
Food Safety and Import Substitution
Liparteliani D.G. - The role of import substitution in the development of food industry in the Russian Federation pp. 1-8


Abstract: Russia’s food embargo has given impetus to significant decrease of import of food products. It promotes intensification of development of food industry in Russia. The research purpose is to study the current situation in Russian food industry and define the directions of its further development. The author gives special attention to the priority sectors and subsectors of food industry. Their modernization and improvement will ensure food security of Russia and form the tendencies for further development. The author analyzes and evaluates Russia’s food industry. The research methodology includes the methods of statistical grouping, comparative and abstract-logical analysis. Based on the analysis of the state statistical data, the author defines the top priority directions of food industry development and the prospects of import substitution, outlines the factors of food security provision. The author defines three key directions of further development of food industry, which should ensure food security of Russia. 
Voronina N.P. - Legal Provision of Food Security: New Answers to Modern Challenges pp. 13-20



Abstract: In the current geopolitical conditions, the Russian agriculture faces risks, the overcoming of which requires new solutions in determining the state policy. The main leitmotif is import substitution. This has been the main task of the state agrarian policy since 2012. The anti-Russian sanctions of 2022 exacerbated the problems of agriculture, the genesis of many of which dates back to the agrarian and land reforms of the 1990s., and to overcome which modern measures of state support are aimed. Among the main problems of the Russian agro-industrial complex is dependence on imported seeds, foreign agricultural machines and spare parts. In addition, logistical ties with countries to which Russia has exported its products over the past few years have been disrupted. An analysis of the modernization of strategic planning documents at the regional level, in particular, in the field of seed production, is presented. The main ways of development of agriculture in the conditions of modern challenges and threats are outlined. Conclusions are drawn about changes in the strategizing of the state agrarian policy, clarification of target indicators, terms, development of state support measures that are adequate to the current global economic situation, transformation of the concept of state agrarian policy, which causes a change in the markets for domestic agricultural products, increasing the importance of the Russian Federation in providing global food supply, security, accelerated development of seed production and technical re-equipment of the agro-industrial complex.
Isakov A.N. - Mechanism of Legal Regulation of Agricultural Production Insurance as a Way to Ensure Food Security of the Country pp. 26-36



Abstract: The article talks about the importance of agricultural insurance for ensuring the financial well-being of agricultural producers and food security of the country. The main regulatory documents regulating insurance in the agricultural sector of the economy are indicated. The positive aspects achieved during the validity period of Federal Law No. 260 are noted: the possibility of choosing the most significant risks for production and the exclusion of unlikely ones; the ability to establish a real level of coverage; the threshold for the death of the crop yield and the harvest of perennial plantings has been abolished and the introduction of a criterion - a decrease in the actual harvest compared to the planned and loss of viability of perennial plantings as a result of the occurrence of events provided for by law; it is possible to take into account the specifics of the economy when assigning insurance amounts; the range of deductibles has been expanded; it is now possible to conclude an insurance contract for at least 70% of the cost crop yields, plantings of perennial plantings, or animals; the possibility of using space monitoring data to confirm the facts of the occurrence of an insured event. Production insurance has been introduced in case of natural emergencies. A number of issues requiring additional legal regulation in connection with the occurrence of natural emergencies are considered. The analysis of the law enforcement practice on agricultural insurance in the country is given.
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