Agriculture - rubric History of agriculture
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Agriculture" > Rubric "History of agriculture"
History of agriculture
Kuzina N.V., Kuzina L.B. - Accounting for historical cultural-economic types on the territory of the Russian Federation within the systems of upbringing and inclusion of children and teenagers into work practices pp. 1-18


Abstract: The subject of this research is the possibility of children and teenagers socialization by means of consideration of the traditional historical practices of agricultural labor in accordance with the traditional employment of the population and the economic-cultural types on the territory of the Russian Federation taking into account the agricultural and climatic conditions. The authors examine the types of agricultural activity (depending on the established on the territory of the cultural area of preferences due to the dominating type of soils, crop species, and animals), in which a child or a teenager was included in these territories in the past, as well as the methods by means of which the established systems of upbringing aimed at survival and socialization can help revitalize the Russian agriculture and raise a healthy generation. The author conduct the analysis of the works of ethnoecologists, ethnographers, and archeologists who studied the agricultural activity of the tribes and nations living on the territory of the Russian Federation in the areas depending on the type of soils and climate. As the result of the performed historical-ethnographical research focusing on the archeological and cross-cultural examinations, it is suggested to popularize the traditional forms of economies and  natural resource management from the early preschool age to the age of maturity, for the purpose of its use for the revival of agriculture and elevation of the status of employment of the young generation in agricultural production.
Pyltcina M. - Agricultural Institutions in the Countries of Western Europe in the XIX Century: Dialogue between the State and Society pp. 77-82


Abstract: The subject of the study is the formation and further development in Western European countries of central agrarian departments and amateur social organizations of the agrarian type, their interaction in resolving national agricultural problems. The author notes that the aggravated problems in the agrarian sector of the economy in the XIX century necessitated the establishment of a constructive dialogue between the authorities and civil society. Subjects of agrarian activity are considered in the example of Prussia, Austria and France, and their organizational and legal status is described.In the course of the research, historical and comparative methods were used, which allowed an analysis of the current agricultural management system in Western European countries.It is emphasized that the modernization of the agrarian sphere in the countries under consideration has contributed to strengthening the institutions of civil society. It is concluded that the Russian government has widely borrowed the agricultural experience of the countries of Western Europe in carrying out a national agrarian policy, oriented to cooperation and coherence of actions of state and public agricultural institutions.
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