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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Agriculture" > Rubric "History of agriculture"
History of agriculture
Kuzina N.V., Kuzina L.B. - Accounting for historical cultural-economic types on the territory of the Russian Federation within the systems of upbringing and inclusion of children and teenagers into work practices pp. 1-18


Abstract: The subject of this research is the possibility of children and teenagers socialization by means of consideration of the traditional historical practices of agricultural labor in accordance with the traditional employment of the population and the economic-cultural types on the territory of the Russian Federation taking into account the agricultural and climatic conditions. The authors examine the types of agricultural activity (depending on the established on the territory of the cultural area of preferences due to the dominating type of soils, crop species, and animals), in which a child or a teenager was included in these territories in the past, as well as the methods by means of which the established systems of upbringing aimed at survival and socialization can help revitalize the Russian agriculture and raise a healthy generation. The author conduct the analysis of the works of ethnoecologists, ethnographers, and archeologists who studied the agricultural activity of the tribes and nations living on the territory of the Russian Federation in the areas depending on the type of soils and climate. As the result of the performed historical-ethnographical research focusing on the archeological and cross-cultural examinations, it is suggested to popularize the traditional forms of economies and  natural resource management from the early preschool age to the age of maturity, for the purpose of its use for the revival of agriculture and elevation of the status of employment of the young generation in agricultural production.
Liparteliani D.G. - The role of import substitution in the development of food industry in the Russian Federation pp. 1-8


Abstract: Russia’s food embargo has given impetus to significant decrease of import of food products. It promotes intensification of development of food industry in Russia. The research purpose is to study the current situation in Russian food industry and define the directions of its further development. The author gives special attention to the priority sectors and subsectors of food industry. Their modernization and improvement will ensure food security of Russia and form the tendencies for further development. The author analyzes and evaluates Russia’s food industry. The research methodology includes the methods of statistical grouping, comparative and abstract-logical analysis. Based on the analysis of the state statistical data, the author defines the top priority directions of food industry development and the prospects of import substitution, outlines the factors of food security provision. The author defines three key directions of further development of food industry, which should ensure food security of Russia. 
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