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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Modern Education" > Rubric "Morality and ethics"
Morality and ethics
Sheremeteva N.N. - Understanding of ethics as a main factor of educational process in academic environment pp. 114-144


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis and understanding of ethics using the “golden ratio” law to include the data into the educational process of academic environment. The subject of this research is the ethics, and the object if the “golden ratio” law of nature, the proportions of which point at the “bigger” or “smaller” part of the personal interests with regards to yourself; or public interests with regards to the surrounding world. Based on this law, the author demonstrates that ethics is a cognitive ability as a continuation of a more complicated part of reason, which is first and foremost aimed at meeting the “interests of the surrounding world” – its protection, development, and support; human is a social being, thus achieves the necessary development and establishment through society. The author suggests implementing the “golden ratio” law into the educational process, to reveal to the students the definition of true ethics. By cognizing the true ethics that would not violate the principles of the “golden ratio” law (because according to it, the “interests of the surrounding world” supersede the “personal interests”), the students will be able to properly understand the real beauty and the harmony of the world and nature.
Berezina T.N. - The Problem of the Good in Modern Pedagogy and Psychology pp. 126-139


Abstract: The article is devoted to the problem of teaching the good morals and behavior in modern pedagogy and psychology. The term of 'the Good' is veiwed from the point of view of so called 'peak psychology'. The author of the present article compares different views on the Good in peak psychology, depth psychology and existential psychology. The author of the article also describes philosophical concepts on the matter such as Auguste Comte's theory of altruism and P. V. Simonov's physiological concept of emotional resonace. It has been shown that this phenomenon is not studied well in pedagogy, psychology or philosophy. It has been also noted that there are fewer literary books about the Good (in science fiction, art literature and philosophical writings) than books describing the Evil. The author also gives an example showign that ni our vocabulary we have almost twice as much words for describing negative emotions than words for describing positive feelings. According to the author,  the Good is poorly studied because it is a very complex phenomenon.
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