Police and Investigative Activity - rubric Preventative work of the police
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Police and Investigative Activity" > Rubric "Preventative work of the police"
Preventative work of the police
Teunaev A.S., Cherkasova A.M. - COVID-19 and criminality in Russia pp. 1-13


Abstract: At the present time, the global community is facing unprecedented development of a pandemic which has created a threat to internal and external security of countries. The COVID-19 containment policy helped minimize the negative consequences of governmental, social, information, environmental and economic nature and, to a greater extent, negative effects on personal safety. The authors consider Russian and foreign researches on the issue of qualitative and quantitative assessment of the negative effects of the deadly virus. The detected trends and patterns of criminality in Russia in the period of the pandemic will help develop effective measures for the prevention of delinquencies. The system approach used for explaining the dynamic rates of transformation of criminality deserves high attention. Besides, the authors use the comparative-legal, the logic-legal and the statistical research methods. The main result of the research is the analysis of the state of criminality in Russia in the period of lockdown. The detected positive and negative indicators are explained in terms of changed circumstances. Special attention is given to criminal activities involving information technologies in the context of their duplication. All the above mentioned factors require urgent steps to be taken aimed at the prevention of delinquencies involving information and telecommunication technologies. A comprehensive approach is needed along with a prompt response aimed at the prevention of mass victimization of vulnerable segments of the population.  
Sergeeva A.A. - On the question of the public danger of jealousy as a motive for a crime (in the context of preventive police activities) pp. 1-12


Abstract: The subject of the study is the characteristics of jealousy as an emotional state that generates criminal aggression and circumstances that increase the public danger of violent crimes committed on the motive of jealousy. The study used a set of generally recognized scientific methods (the method of dialectical cognition, analysis and synthesis, historical-legal, formal-logical, etc.), which allowed us to obtain reliable and representative results. In the text of the article, the author refers to the legal, religious, psychological characteristics of the phenomenon of jealousy, as well as to the provisions of domestic criminal legislation of various historical periods. On this basis, relevant recommendations have been developed that have the prospect of being used in the preventive activities of the police. The main results of the study are the refutation of the ideas of jealousy as a socially neutral motive of crimes, which are widespread in the legal doctrine. The scope of application of the research results is the preventive activity of the police in the direction of preventing violent crimes in the sphere of family and household relations. The scientific novelty of the research lies in a comprehensive understanding of the destructive phenomenon of jealousy, based on the synthesis of scientific knowledge related to a number of humanitarian areas. As conclusions, the parameters of increased public danger of crimes committed on the motive of jealousy are substantiated. Their accounting will be useful in order to optimize the preventive activities of the police in terms of preventing violent crimes.
Chernyaev G.M., Bystryantsev A.F. - On the issue of public order and security provision by law-enforcement agencies at sports events pp. 10-59


Abstract: Today the provision of public order at mass sports events is a difficult task  involving decision-making, significant efforts, sources, and specialists from different sectors. Mass sports events are an important social phenomenon which requires the complex use of sources of the Ministry of Internal affairs for public order protection and public security provision, coordinated work of different units of the internal affairs bodies. The abovementioned conditions predetermine the importance of the study of management of public order provision by law-enforcement bodies at mass sports events. The object of the research covers the legally regulated public relations connected with public order and security provision during mass sports events. The subject of the research is the legal organization of management activity aimed at public order protection. The authors use the following methods of research: the formal logical method, the method of system analysis, the comparative-legal, historical-legal methods and others. The theoretical base of the research contains the works of the scholars in the sphere of administrative law, the works in the field of general theory of state and law, public administration, administrative and legal organization of public order and security provision. The article studies and generalizes the experience of the internal affairs bodies in development and enhancement of officers training. The authors generalize the positive and negative experience of the police activities during mass sports events in Russia and abroad. They consider the tasks, the main spheres of activity, the structure and the responsibilities of the internal affairs units, and the stages of public order provision. The authors offer the ways of the police officers training. The article considers the tactics of law-enforcers’ actions during mass sports events and under extraordinary circumstances and offers the ways of the police’ efficiency enhancement. 
Khokhlov E.E. - Pro-drug segment of DarkNet: the origins and the present
pp. 10-31


Abstract: The evolution of the drug market in DarkNet and the dynamic character of development of drug markets oriented towards mass users-dealers and users-consumers have breached traditional methods of detection, prevention and combating crimes in the field of illegal drug trafficking. The purpose of the research is comprehensive analysis of a pro-drug segment of DarkNet, and development of a mechanism of counter-drugs activities by means of creation of a mirror digital counter-drugs space. The research subject is theoretical aspects of anti-narcotics policy and the key criminological characteristics of illegal drug trafficking in DarkNet. The research object is the set of social relations in the field of combating illegal actions in DarkNet. The author uses the methods of empirical research (observation, description), methods of theoretical research (analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, expert assessment), general logical methods (generalization, idealization, analogy). The scientific novelty of the research is substantiated by the suggestions about the improvement of a single mechanism of counter-drugs activities on the Internet and creation of conditions for the formation of an ideology of anti-narcotic behavior in social media. The research contributes to the scientific development of the issues of criminological characteristics and the basis of criminal-legal prohibition of crimes in the field of illegal drug trafficking committed in DarkNet. Practical importance of the research consists in the fact that its conclusions and recommendations can be used for the development of international programs of combating drug-related crimes, interstate interaction, cooperation and partnership; in law-making activity aimed at the improvement of anti-drug legislation; in law-enforcement activity of law-enforcement agencies; in educational process and professional training of internal affairs officers.   
Goncharov D.Y. - Classification of factors determining criminality in the sphere of housing and utilities infrastructure
pp. 14-25


Abstract: The research object is criminality in the sphere of housing and utilities infrastructure. The research subject is the combination of factors determining criminality in this sphere. The topicality of such a classification is conditioned by a special role of the housing and utilities infrastructure in the country’s economy. All crimes committed in the housing and utilities infrastructure, trespassing upon property, also threaten public safety. The author uses general scientific methods of dialectics, analysis and generalization, as well as specific methods of summarizing and grouping. The author formulates the classification of factors determining criminality in the sphere of housing and utilities infrastructure. The classification is based on the distinction between objective (external) and subjective (internal) factors. The former ones are historically determined, i.e. caused by the existing mechanisms functioning in the sphere, which can be overwhelmed only by means of reforming the regulating legislation and modernizing the engineer infrastructure. The latter ones are caused by the drawbacks in the organization of public authorities supervising the housing and utilities infrastructure, and law enforcement bodies. The proposed determination system allows organizing comprehensive and targeted planning of measures preventing this type of criminality.   
Astishina T.V., Markelova E.V. - Prevention of minor crimes by the police pp. 19-38


Abstract: The article notes that prevention of crimes among minors is an important direction of the Internal Affairs bodies’ preventive activities, since teenagers’ delinquent behavior not only influences the general criminality at present, but also in many respects determines the future criminality, therefore, a special attention should be paid to the correct organization of this work. Though the rate of crimes committed by minors or with their participation is not high in general statistics, the preventive work among teenagers is very important. The methodology of the research is based on the up-to-date achievements of epistemology. The author uses the theoretical and general philosophical methods (dialectics, the system approach, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observing, modeling), the traditional juridical methods (formal-logical), and the methods which are used in the special sociological research (the statistical method, expert evaluation, etc.). At present there is a range of agencies, working in the sphere of minor crimes prevention, and the Internal Affairs bodies should cooperate with these agencies. It is important for them to adjust directions and mechanisms of eradication of harmful processes among youth to the current conditions. The comprehensive and objective measures in minor crimes prevention are impossible without a proper interaction of the Internal Affairs bodies with the civil society institutions. 
Garmaev Y.P., Ladoshkin A.S., Garmaeva D.A., Vasil'eva L.G. - The notion and the signs of crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings (criminalistic aspect)
pp. 21-28


Abstract: Crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings are not only widespread, but also highly latent. Judicial practice needs a system of scientifically grounded recommendations which could improve combating these criminal acts. The research subject is the detection, investigation and solution of crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings. In this context, the purpose of this article is to define the key criteria of creating a system of criminalistic recommendations aimed at raising the effectiveness of the above mentioned areas of activity of law enforcement bodies officers. The authors use the general method of the reality cognition, and the system, formal-logical and sociological methods, analysis, synthesis, modeling and abstraction. Based on the analysis of judicial practice, the authors conclude that the criminalistic approach to the essence of the notion of evidence tampering (article 303 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) doesn’t conform with the aims and tasks of criminalistic studies. To be used for creating the appropriate criminalistic technique, this notion should be wider and should include several types of accompanying crimes: 1) against justice, 2) economic and corruption crimes, 3) crimes involving violence against the trial participants, 4) other crimes. Criminologically important peculiarities of the accompanying crimes should also be taken into account, such as the specificity of the situation, subjects and their goals, the typical lucrative impulse, etc. The authors formulate the criminologically significant definition of a group of crimes if this type and substantiate the reason for forming a specific criminalistic technique of investigating crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings.
Vavilin M.V. - The Targets of Prosecutor's Supervision over Patriotic Education of the Youth pp. 24-34


Abstract:  The subject of the research is the activity of prosecution authorities aimed at supervision over patriotic education of young people as well as compliance with the legal acts that regulate the aforesaid activity. The object of the research is the legal relations arising in the course of organisation and performance of prosecutor's supervision over observation of laws in the sphere of patriotic education of the youth. The aim of the research is to develop theoretical provisions and recommendations of the legal, organisational, and methodological nature that would be aimed at increasing efficiency of prosecutor's supervision over patriotic education of the youth. The methodological basis of the research implies a set of general and special research methods. The main metho is the dialectical analysis. In addition, the author has applied such methods as analysis, synthesis, questionnaire survey, generalisation, comparison, statistical, logical and formal law analysis. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the present research is one of the first to study prosecutor's supervision over observation of laws on the patriotic education of the youth and develop the issue theoretically and practically. The author defines the tasks of prosecutor's supervision over patriotic education, in particular, arrange for the monitoring over the legal base of patriotic education and elimination of gaps in the legal regulation thereof; adoption of measures of prosecutor's response; and enforcement of the requirements of the Federal Law No. 14 'Concerning Military Duty and Militar Service' by the means of prosecutor's supervision.
Zubenko E.V., Kuklin O.B. - Legal Education of Road Users as the Means of Prevention of Road Accidents pp. 26-31


Abstract: The subject of the research is the features of legal education of such a category of persons as road users. The object of the research is the public relations that regulate issues of legal education of citizens in the field of road safety at the legislative level in the Russian Federation. At the same time, the category of “legal education of citizens” is investigated as the means of preventing road traffic crimes and offenses as part of a preliminary investigation in a criminal case on criminal violations of traffic rules. The research methodology consists the dialectic and formal legal methods of scientific knowledge as well as the analysis of legal literature and the study of the practice of investigating criminal cases for the commission of road traffic crimes. Based on an in-depth study of the scientific literature, the authors come to the conclusion that the conceptual foundations of the category “legal education in the investigation of criminal cases of traffic accidents” are insufficiently developed theoretically. Summarizing and analyzing the existing theoretical approaches to the definition of legal education, as well as the content of federal targeted programs aimed at improving road safety, the authors formulate the legal definition of the concept under consideration. In conclusion, it is pointed out the need to develop and introduce modern means of legal education for participants in criminal proceedings in cases of accidents, which will contribute to improving the prevention of road traffic crimes and incidents.
Chvyakin V.A. - Analysis of teenagers' aggressive personality and its use in police preventive activities pp. 30-51


Abstract: The article presents the results of teenagers' social aggression research. The most important is the influence of singnificant, personality forming factors. Thus the mistakes in developmental psychological and pedagogical work with children determine manifestation of aggressive personality. The forms of social, biological and individual determination of behaviour play a significant role in teenager's personality sociogenesis. Psychical features of personality and its condition during the process of sociogenesis are flexible and unstable. The methodological base of the research contains the up-to-date achievements of epistemology. The author uses theoretical and general philosophical methods (dialectics, system approach, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional juridical methods (formal logical method), and methods used in special sociological research (statistical method, expert evaluation, etc.). Therefore the breaches of the process of aggressive patterns of behaviour formation can occur. There are initial features in this process which can be called prior deviant. These are social phenomena, personality features and social situations, violating the normal process of personality formation and threatening its harmonious maturing. But one has to keep in mind that the processes of socialization and sociogenesis are in methodological correlation, being linked to each other and at the same time directed at the formation of personal individuality. 
Panshin D.L. - Criminological Characteristics of Economic Crime in the Russian Federation: the Case Study of Official Statistics of 2010 - 2016 pp. 32-43


Abstract: The present article is devoted to the analysis of data on economic crimes in the Russian Federation based on the official statistics of 2010-2016. In his research Panshin gives a comparative and contrastive analysis and describes dynamics of indicators of serious and extremely serious economic crimes with reference to the total number of criminal activities. The coefficients of correlation of the number of persons who committed crimes in this category of crimes with a common number of criminal acts are given. The presented correlative changes in the indicators of quantitative and qualitative data contribute to the awareness of the current criminal component of modern Russian society. The revealed coefficients allowed to draw a conclusion about the scale of the described social dynamically changing phenomenon, its organization,  and professionalism of its actors which causes great damage not only to the economy of the country but to society in general. As the research methodology, the author of the article selected traditional methods of dialectical materialism, general research methods of analysis and synthesis, visual method, dialectical methods (induction and deduction), as well as special research methods of comparative and contrastive analysis of the coefficients of the population criminalization. Legal methods were also used to identify the legal regulation of the formation of statistical indicators of economic crimes. The conclusions of this research revealed tendencies of decrease in the indices of economic crime in the Russian Federation during the period of 2010 - 2016 including the reduction of registered serious and extremely serious crimes. However, the presented diagrams provided an opportunity to identify the repeated committal of economic crimes and well-organized nature of this type of crime causing great damage to the state.
Teunaev A.S. - Statistical measurement of criminal activity of the insurance industry in modern Russia
pp. 32-41


Abstract: The research subject is the official statistical results of the activities of law-enforcement bodies of Russia relating to the detection of crimes in the insurance industry. Based on the empirical data, the author assesses the current state and the dynamics of crimes in the field in question. Special attention is given to the organized crime rate which has increased nearly sevenfold. The author defines federal districts and territories with the highest rates of crimes in the insurance industry. The most common type of crime in this field is fraud. The author uses general scientific methods: the systems approach, the structural-functional, logical, historical and comparative methods, and specific methods: statistics, documents study, mathematical and sociological methods. The author describes the current state and the dynamics of crimes in the insurance industry. The research results allow asserting that the official statistical data don’t fully reflect the actual scale of criminal activity in this field. The acquired results help reinterpret the data on the current state of crime in the insurance industry.   
Ayupova G.S. - On the issue of interpreting particular constituent elements of cruelty to animals pp. 39-52


Abstract: The research object is social relations in the field of criminal-legal regulation of components of crime establishing liability for cruelty to animals (art. 245 of the Criminal Code of Russia). The research subject is Russia’s legislation establishing liability for cruelty to animals, materials of investigative and judicial practice, official statistics, and theoretical views of scholars on the problem of cruelty to animals. The research methodology is based on the general dialectical approach. The author also uses such methods as the logical method, formal-legal method, and teleological method. During the research, the author also uses general scientific and specific methods of scientific cognition. The scientific novelty of the research is determined by the fact that, based on a comprehensive system analysis of Russian legislation, it formulates theoretical provisions about the improvement and use of criminal regulations establishing responsibility for cruelty to animals. In particular, with account for the regulations of the Federal Law of December 27, 2018 No. 498 «On responsible attitude to animals and amending particular legal regulations of the Russian Federation», the author formulates the definition of the term «cruelty to animals» and proposals about particular issues of qualifying crimes considered in article 245 of the Criminal Code of Russia.
Astishina T.V., Markelova E.V., Obgol'ts I.A. - Prevention of juvenile crime by police. pp. 45-64


Abstract: The author notes that prevention of juvenile crime, which to a great degree predefines the future crimes, is an important direction of preventive activities of the internal affairs law-enforcement bodies. It is noted that prevention of crime among the teenagers and the youth should hold and important place. The author provides the principles, on which the crime and offence prevention activities among the youth should be based. The author views two key forms of prevention activities - procedural and non-procedural. Then the author describes  the causes for the undue performance or non-performance of duties on juvenile crime prevention by the officers acting under the requests of investigation bodies. In order to prevent juvenile crime, it is important to cooperate with other subjects of the crime and offence prevention system. The author concludes that objective and all-inclusive achievement of goals of crime prevention among the juveniles is possible due to cooperation of internal affairs bodies and the civil society institutions.
Afon'kin G.P. - Modern problems of legal guarantees of criminal responsibility for family (domestic) violence in Russia. pp. 56-74


Abstract: It is noted in the article that violence inevitably appears in all spheres of human communication, which involve submission of will of one person or group of persons to another, including the relations between family members, social groups, classes and entire peoples, no matter what the level of development of society is. It also should be noted that violence may be interpreted as a purposive forceful coercion of one subject over another subject, which is performed with a certain goal against the agreement, will and interests of the latter subject. The author singles out types and forms of family (domestic) violence. Violence in families becomes a problems, which threatens the fundamentals of the public scurity, undermines its moral and ethical values, and has a negative impact upon the development of the state as a whole. Solution of the problem of family violence is only possible when a complex approach is  used, and target events are held in order to arrange prophylactics of violent acts, also the conditions should be formed for the rehabilitatoin of violence victims, formation of normative legal basis regarding responsibility for the offences and crimes committed in families.
Chuklina E. - Criminal law principles with double prevention: a concept and a preventive action mechanism pp. 61-75


Abstract: The research subject is the scope of criminal law principles with double prevention which prevent not only the acts directly prohibited by law, but also other, usually much gravier crimes. The author considers the existing approaches to the definition of the term and the legal essence of principles with double provision. It is noted that the conventional definition is not universal and doesn’t reflect the essence and the mechanism of the preventive action of the principles. In its turn, the insufficient knowledge of the mechanism of preventive action of the principles with double prevention hampers their differentiation and systematization. Using the method of systems analysis and structural-functional analysis as a basis, as well as the dialectical, logical and formal legal methods as additional methods, the author arrives at the conclusion about the existence of two types of legal principles with double prevention which differ in the specificity of the mechanism of preventive action. The first type of principles with double prevention is aimed at preventing criminal deformation of a person at the early stages, while the second one - on the neutralization of criminogenic situations. The author formulates the definition of principles with double prevention which reflects the specificity of the mechanism of preventive action, and systematizes them in order to analyze the practical implementation of principles with double prevention.   
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