Police and Investigative Activity - rubric Reforming and upgrading the police
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Police and Investigative Activity" > Rubric "Reforming and upgrading the police"
Reforming and upgrading the police
Usanov D.O. - The Reform of the Police in Modern Sweden: Constitutional and Legal Aspect pp. 10-16


Abstract: The aim of this article is to analyze the experience of the foreign states in the process of reformation of internal affairs authorities in the constitutional laws of modern states. The subject of the research is the constitutional and legal reforms held in Sweden in 2010 - 2015. The author pays special attention to the efficiency of the government commission and parliament comission that created the most useful amendments to the applicable police legislation of Sweden. According to the author of the article, it would be useful to address to Sweden's experience in the reformation of internal affairs agencies in order to improve the constitutional and legal regulation of Russia's police activity. Having analyzed laws and regulations issued by Swedish riksdag and government, the author of the article discovers particular position of the legislator on transformation of the police system. The results of the esearch carried out has allowed to conclude that in Sweden the police reform was more of a constitutional nature because it was aimed at improving the principles of organisation and activity of the police as part of Sweden's public authority in the first place. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the author introduces new sources of Sweden's constitutional law and extends the list of researches and works on the constitutional law of the foreign states. The author comes to the conclusion that transformation of the law-enforcement system reinforces the democratic political regime and entrusts the police with the responsibility to defend the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. 
Shelud'ko V.O., Obraztsov S.V. - The Problems of Prospects for Creation of the Municipal Militsia in Russia pp. 13-19


Abstract: The subject of the research is the attempts to create the municipal militsia in modern Russia.The object of the research is the reform of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation at the present stage in the aspect of their interaction with local authorities in the field of public order protection. The authors consider such aspects of the topic as the background of the issue, conceptual differences between the state militsia and the municipal militsia, regulatory framework for the participation of local governments in the protection of public order, legal conflicts on this issue, accumulated experience of legal regulation on the protection of public order in municipalities, positions of various parties on the problem under study. Special attention is paid to the problems and prospects of creating the municipal militsia in Russia. In the course of the study the authors apply the formal-logical method, comparative-historical method, system analysis of the Russian legislation provisions, and comparative law analysis. The main conclusions of the study are the recognition that at the present stage there are no prospects for the creation of a municipal police in Russia, because the opinions of the parties are diametrically opposed and only a manifestation of the political will of the state can bring them to consensus. Special contribution of the authors to the study of the topic is their invitation to realize that the creation of the municipal militsia should not be an end in itself, the proposal to exclude from the Federal Law "On the general principles of local government organization in the Russian Federation" the rule on municipal police, the proposal to use the domestic pre-revolutionary experience. The novelty of the study is caused by the fact that the authors analyze the provisions of Russian legislation relating to the participation of local authorities in the protection of public order and prospects for the municipal militsia in Russia.
Semenov A.O. - Legal status of police in Georgia pp. 15-29


Abstract: The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation always paid special attention to enhancement of legality and discipline of the Ministry of Internal Affairs offices and bodies personnel. For this purpose and in order to carry out personnel policy and educational work special structures had been established within the Ministry of Internal Affairs system. It resulted in legality and discipline level decrease among the personnel, resonant incidents with the participation of the Internal Affairs Bodies members and officials, and gross and cynical violation of citizens' rights. It influenced negatively the image of the Ministry of Internal Affairs personnel and the prestige of the service. It is necessary to sophisticate forms and methods of personnel policy, to carry out systematic educational work, and to change the criteria of evaluation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs personnel work. The author of the article uses general scientific methods (system method, structural and functional, axiological, culturological methods) and special methods (comparative legal method, historical legal method, formal juridical method). In order to solve the abovementioned and other problems in the sphere of internal affairs, the Ministry of Internal Affairs is being reformed at present time, and various organizational and rule-making measures are being assumed to put things in order in the office, to enhance legality, and to combat corruption. For all these measures to have their results, theoretical research in the sphere of legal and organizational issues of legality maintenance within the system of internal affairs of the Russian Federarion is necessary. 
Golovin Y.A. - About the Possibility of Implementing the Classifier of Functions and Competences of State Authorities in the Activity of the Ministry of Internal Affairs pp. 31-41


Abstract: The object of the present research is the social relations arising in the sphere of information and administrative law in the process of systematization of activities of state administrative authorities based on the science developed classification as well as the social relations arising in the process of implementation of such classification by state authorities, in particular, the Ministry of Internal Affairs. This approach to systematization of functions and competences is quite popular in European countries. Thus, the subject of the present article is the analysis of the classifier of functions of state administrative authorities. According to the author, implementation of such classification will allow to differentiate between competences of law enforcement authorities as well as to conduct an in-depth analysis of performance targets and their accomplishment. A set of general scientific and specific research methods of social and legal nature have been used by the author in the process of preparation of this article. The methodological basis of the research involves the dialectical method including principles of objectivity, comprehensiveness, historicism and specific truth. General research methods used by the author include analysis, synthesis, comparison and measurement. Specific research method used by the author is the comparative law method. The main conclusion of the research is that it is possible to create an overall Russian classifier of functions and competences of state administrative authorities based on the structure and experience of COFOG. The author also emphasizes the need to implement a standard classifier of fucntions and competences by law enforcement agencies. The article has been written as part of the research 'Improvement of legal regulation of  information relations in the system of executive authority (R&D No. 115070810135)' under the guidance of PhD in Law, Associate Professor A. Ostroushko. 
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