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Police and Investigative Activity
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Police and Investigative Activity" > Contents of Issue № 04/2014
Contents of Issue № 04/2014
Police enforcement
Molyanov A.Y. - International law and the use of means of restraint pp. 1-18

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2014.4.13935

Abstract: The article considers the problems related to use of means of restraint by security forces of the Russian Federation in the light of its commitments in the sphere of use of weapons of war, use of force and firearms by security forces. Security forces are mainly armed with the weapons which are adopted by their states’ armies, i.e. the weapons of war. It is noted that the collective bodies of the international community call the states upon for arming their security forces with the weapons, allowing use of force differentiating and not wounding severely. The methodology of the research is based on the up-to-date achievements of epistemology. The author uses the general philosophical, theoretical, and empirical methods (dialectics, the system approach, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, and modeling), the traditional juridical methods (formal-logical), the methods, which are used in sociological research (the statistical method, expert evaluations, etc.), and others. The analysis of international normative legal acts in the sphere of weapons of war creation and restriction of use, specifically the particular kinds of conventional weapons, and their use by security forces during the performance of their duties, had shown the necessity of further development of normative acts, enhancing the order of creation and use of non-lethal weapons. 
Preventative work of the police
Astishina T.V., Markelova E.V. - Prevention of minor crimes by the police pp. 19-38

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2014.4.13923

Abstract: The article notes that prevention of crimes among minors is an important direction of the Internal Affairs bodies’ preventive activities, since teenagers’ delinquent behavior not only influences the general criminality at present, but also in many respects determines the future criminality, therefore, a special attention should be paid to the correct organization of this work. Though the rate of crimes committed by minors or with their participation is not high in general statistics, the preventive work among teenagers is very important. The methodology of the research is based on the up-to-date achievements of epistemology. The author uses the theoretical and general philosophical methods (dialectics, the system approach, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observing, modeling), the traditional juridical methods (formal-logical), and the methods which are used in the special sociological research (the statistical method, expert evaluation, etc.). At present there is a range of agencies, working in the sphere of minor crimes prevention, and the Internal Affairs bodies should cooperate with these agencies. It is important for them to adjust directions and mechanisms of eradication of harmful processes among youth to the current conditions. The comprehensive and objective measures in minor crimes prevention are impossible without a proper interaction of the Internal Affairs bodies with the civil society institutions. 
The police and issues in the fight against corruption
Chashnikov V.A. - Anti-corruption education as a means of combating corruption in the Internal Affairs bodies pp. 39-48

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2014.4.13886

Abstract: The subject of the research is the means of combating corruption in the bodies of Internal Affairs. The subject of the research is anti-corruption education. The object of the research is the anti-corruption education, which consists of the gaining and the renewal of knowledge of the bodies of Internal Affairs personnel in the sphere of combating corruption, and the formation of the anti-corruption code of conduct. The author considers the aspects which show that the efficiency of anti-corruption education in the system of the bodies of Internal Affairs will be successful only when the anti-corruption educational programs will be worked out for different categories of the Internal Affairs bodies personnel. The special attention is paid to the fact that within these programs should be studied not only the general questions of the state anti-corruption policy, the other states’ experience in corruption prevention and combating, and the relevant criminal legislation, but also the special measures and mechanisms of combating corruption. The author uses the general philosophical methods (dialectics, the system approach, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), the traditional juridical methods (formal logical), and the methods which are used in the special sociological research (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.). The author comes to the conclusion that the measures which are being realized in the bodies of Internal Affairs, deal with the provision of data about the incomes, the expenditures, the property, and the property commitments. The author concludes that the informing of the employer representative by the Internal Affairs bodies personnel about the facts of inclinations to commit the delinquency of a corruption character, and the anti-corruption inspections contribute to the combating corruption work. The originality of the article consists in the fact that the anti-corruption education is the most efficient and perspective way of combating corruption in the bodies of Internal Affairs. 
Krasnenkova E.V., Gladkikh A.Y. - The peculiarities of criminal activities concealment by the Internal Affairs bodies officers pp. 49-63

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2014.4.14098

Abstract: The article considers criminalistic peculiarities of criminal activities. In particular, it touches upon the actions of the Internal Affairs bodies officers, aimed at criminal activities concealment. The object of the research is social relations, aimed at combating criminal activities of the Internal Affairs bodies officers. The subject of the research is criminalistic peculiarities of the Internal Affairs bodies officers’ criminal activities. The author reveals the main and the specific ways of criminal activities concealment. The concealment of crimes, committed by the IA bodies officers, but not connected directly with their professional activities, are of a particular interest. The methodology of the research is based on the up-to-date achievements of epistemology. The author uses the theoretical and general philosophical methods (dialectics, the system approach, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), the traditional juridical methods, and the methods which are used in sociological research. The author comes to the conclusion, that the most frequent crimes of the IA bodies officers, conditioned by mercenary ends, are bribery and abuse of official powers. Consequently, the ways of these crimes concealment are the masking of criminal activity, falsification of the case papers, and concealment of crimes, committed by the IA bodies officers, but not connected with their professional activities. 
Police officer liability
Dolgikh I.P. - Administrative responsibility of the officers of the Internal Affairs bodies of the Russian Federation: problems and perspectives pp. 64-73

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2014.4.11728

Abstract: The article is devoted to the urgent problem of public service in Russia – the practice of application of administrative action against the officers of the Internal Affairs bodies. The urgency of this topic is determined by both theoretical and practical importance of the questions, connected with presence and functioning of the institute of administrative responsibility of the officers of the Internal Affairs bodies of the Russian Federation, and by the need to elaborate the common process of application of administrative action against them. In relation to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the questions of application of administrative action against its officers are among the most discussed ones.  It is determined by the fact that due to the optimization of police work they cannot stay unnoticed by civil society. Since the problems considered are the complex problems, the author refers not only to the norms of administrative and procedural law, but also to the achievements of the theory of public administration and the general legal theory. The bodies of the Internal Affairs have always been the support for any state, its social development token. It is not a secret, that nowadays the Internal Affairs bodies is, perhaps, the only effective instrument of the authorities’ influence on various social relations. Today the legal norms of the Internal Affairs bodies officers’ administrative responsibility contain the variety of contradictory and unsettled issues, connected with the application of administrative action against the officers. The originality of the research is determined both by the formulation of the problem, and by the methods of its solution. The author offers the particular ways of the revealed problems eradication, aimed at the enhancement of the legislative base, regulating the issues of administrative responsibility of the officers of the Internal Affairs bodies of the Russian Federation. 
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