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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Legal Studies" > Contents of Issue № 02/2018
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Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Главный редактор: Даниленко Денис Васильевич, доктор права (Франция), danilenko_d@mail.ru
Contents of Issue № 02/2018
Теория и философия права
Chufarova E.N. - Language of Law in 'Language-Speech' Dichotomy pp. 1-7


Abstract: The subject of the research is the language of law and particularities of the legal speech from the point of view of Ferdinand de Saussure's linguistic dichotomy. The aim of the research is the phenomena that we deal with when we speak of the languge of law, legal speech and law in general. Based on the author, adequate understanding of law texts depends on communicators' overall level of speech competence, their knowledge and concept of the world. Law communication cannot be based on this rule because therei is no particular addressee in law communication and law texts are usually oriented not only at professionals (lawyers) but also general public. The author of the article carries out a comparative analysis of the terms 'language' and 'speech', their definitions in academic researches and analysis of the term 'speech activity' applied to creation of new texts. The results of the analysis demonstrate that law can be expressed through both verbal and writing speech acts. Noteworthy that in this case language functions as a code or universum  (standard rules) to be observed when creating all kinds of law texts. As a consequence, law speech acts, especially those in writing, do not only tend to rigid regulations and clearness but also maximum specification of described features, circumstances and conditions. 
Questions of current interest
Gerusova S. - Exercising the Private Right to Appeal to the Arbitration Court to Be Declared Bankrupt pp. 8-16


Abstract: The article is devoted to a new institution in the Russian law - private bankruptcy, i.e. bankruptcy of an individual who is not an entrepreneur. In her research Gerusova describes situations when the arbitration court has the right to initiate judicial proceedings to declare an individial as bankrupt as well as situations when an individual ought to appeal to the arbitration court himself or herself to be declared bankrupt. The author of the article carries out a brief analysis of the status of financial manager and particularities of his or her appointment. The author also describes court fees incurred by an individual in such a case. In the course of writing the article the author has used the systems approach, comprative law and legalistic method and modelling. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the federal law that sets forth provisions about private bankruptcy that came into force on October 1, 2015. As we can see, private bankruptcy is a new institution, thus arbitration courts face new tasks now. This institution is understudied in Russian law studies, thus there is a need to study and improve it. As a result of the research, the author of the article describes the main reasons why the arbitration court may deny a private bankruptcy application. These include: application does not answer the requirements of procedural law, financial manager cannot be appointed, no money or assets to pay expenses for bankruptcy procedures. As a solution of aforesaid problems, the author of the article offers to develop a simplified private bankruptcy procedure that does not require a financial manager, and to involve prosecutors if necessary as well as to make courts responsible for discovery of evidence. 
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