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Security Issues

Plurilateral agreements in the context of the World Trade Organization development

Anikin Vladimir Ivanovich

Doctor of Economics

Professor at the Department of Public Administration and National Security at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry

344002, Russia, Rostovskaya oblast', g. Rostov-Na-Donu, ul. B. Sadovaya, 69, of. 308

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Surma Ivan Viktorovich

PhD in Economics

Professor, the department of State Administration and National Security, Diplomatoc Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia

119992, Russia, Moscow, Ostozhenka Street 53/2, office #220

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Abstract: The subject of this article is the so-called plurilateral agreements, i.e. multilateral agreements with a limited number of participants, open for accession by other countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO). These agreements are discussed in the context of the further development of the WTO. The authors deal with both positive and negative sides of plurilateral agreements within and outside the WTO. The study assesses the possible ways of development of the process of plurilateral agreements use within the WTO. This process is analyzed within the framework and the methodology of comparative and structural-functional approaches. The article discusses two types of plurilateral agreements (agreements within the WTO and agreements outside the WTO, i.e. regional or preferential trade agreements), which are currently used on international trading platforms. The novelty of this research lies in the fact that the potential and the prospects of the plurilateral process have significantly changed and expanded since the Uruguay Round. The article states the sustainable growth of regional or preferential trade agreements. The authors note that institutional reforming of the WTO, in practice, will face significant obstacles, but the gradual inclusion of plurilateral agreements into the multilateral trading system should strengthen and improve it in future. 

Keywords: WTO, plurilateral agreements, regional agreements, economic security, preferential trade agreements, ITA, trade facilitation, WTO reform, A single package, Government Procurement Agreement
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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