Статья 'Военная повседневность 1941-1945 гг. в эпистолярных документах сибирских комбатантов. ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Peer-review in 24 hours: How do we do it? > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Publication in 72 hours: How do we do it? > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Military daily life of 1941-1945 in epistolary documents of the Siberian combatants

Yunina Ekaterina Aleksandrovna

Junior Scientific Associate, Tobolsk Complex Scientific Station of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

626152, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Yu. Osipova, 15

mioistbs@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.11.30885

Review date:

25-09-2019


Publish date:

02-12-2019


Abstract.

Through the analysis of epistolary documents, the author determines the information component of letters and perception of war by the Siberian combatants: weekdays and holidays in the field, adaptation behavioral strategies, emotional state, and transformation of mindset. The work is based on application of the techniques of military psychology, history of everyday life, historical-anthropological approach and text analysis. The sphere of personal human experiences are analyzed in the context of extreme conditions for the first time. The novelty of this work is defined by introducing into the scientific discourse of a complex of epistolary documents from the family archives of Tobolsk residents, which have not been previously subjected to scientific analysis. The specificity of communicative process, generation of information, emotional coloring of epistles directly depended on situational factors and addressing of correspondence; receiving a letter became the key event within the realm of daily life in the front. The attributes of soldierly letters contained consolation of relatives, recommendations on maintaining the household in case of death of the combatants, description of life in the field, recreation culture. In the atmosphere of potential danger to life, took place the process of reassessment of the fundamental human values, formation of views on the nature of war, personal aspects of its perception. These problems were solved based on the level of education, professional and social affiliation, intellectual capabilities of the addressers. The adjustment to military reality was accompanied by the negative form of stress, development of the habit to extreme existence. The form of written communication allowed realizing intra-familial socio-demographic role common to the traditional binary gender system. The distinct peculiarity of Tobolsk soldier consisted in understanding of spiritual connection with birthplace; the sense of compatriotism became much stronger.

Keywords: great Patriotic war, worldviews, survival strategy, letters from the front, communicative process, Tobolsk combatants, military daily life, military epistolae, Tobolsk, addresser
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Barinova E. P. Sotsial'no-psikhologicheskie aspekty povedeniya dvoryanskogo sosloviya v 1917 g. // Ekstremal'noe v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' (k 100-letiyu russkoi revolyutsii 1917 g.). Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. SPb., 2017. S. 102–108.
2.
Belova A. V. Ekstremal'nye rody v povsednevnoi zhizni rossiiskikh dvoryanok XVIII – serediny XIX v. // Ekstremal'noe v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' (k 100-letiyu russkoi revolyutsii 1917 g.). Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. SPb., 2017. S. 324–329.
3.
Beloglazova G. N. Pis'ma s fronta kak istoricheskii istochnik vremen Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny // Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovaniya. 2 (39). Gorno-Altaisk, 2013 S. 188–191.
4.
Voennoe obozrenie // https://topwar.ru/38271-omsbon-specnazovcy-sportsmeny.html (data obrashcheniya: 20.05.2019).
5.
Vospominaniya Konovalova A. V. Muzei istorii osvoeniya i izucheniya Sibiri. Osnovnoi fond (MIOIS OF). D. № 1703. Arkhiv Purginoi A. A.
6.
Vospominaniya Kushnikovoi S. P. 1995 g. MIOIS OF. D. 1357. Arkhiv Kushnikovoi S. P.
7.
Ermolina L. G. Frontovye pis'ma v sobranii Omskogo gosudarstvennogo istoriko-kraevedcheskogo muzeya // Izvestiya Omskogo gosudarstvennogo istoriko-kraevedcheskogo muzeya. Omsk, № 9. 2002. S. 257–273.
8.
Ivanov A. Yu. Frontovye pis'ma uchastnikov Velikoi Otechestvenno voiny kak istoricheskii istochnik: po materialam Respubliki Tatarstan. Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kandidata istoricheskikh nauk. Kazan', 2002. 24 s.
9.
Ivanov A. Yu. Analiz frontovykh pisem perioda Velikoi Otechesvtennoi voiny v svete innovatsionnykh istochnikovedcheskikh podkhodov // Vestnik Chuvashskogo universiteta. 2008. № 4. S. 37–41.
10.
Izveshchenie o gibeli starshego leitenanta Kushnikova P. I. ot 27.10.1943 g. MIOIS Elektronnyi arkhiv (EA). Arkhiv Kushnikovoi S. P.
11.
Kabakova N. V., Erbakh K. M. Pis'ma kak istochnik izucheniya povsednevnosti Zapadnoi Sibiri predvoennoi epokhi // Omskie sotsial'no-gumanitarnye chteniya – 2018. Materialy XI Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 25-letiyu fakul'teta gumanitarnogo obrazovaniya Omskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2018. S. 225–231.
12.
Krinko E. F., Tazhidinova I. G. O zhizni, smerti i voine: publikatsiya pisem i dnevnikov evreev voennogo vremeni // Russkii arkhiv. 2013. № 1 (1). S. 40–44.
13.
Kupchenko K. V. Povsednevnost' gorodov Smolenskogo regiona vo vremya voennykh konfliktov nachala XX v. (k voprosu ob istorii rossiisko-belorusskogo prigranich'ya v ekstremal'nye epokhi) // Stolitsa i provintsii: vzaimootnosheniya tsentra i regionov v istorii Rossii. Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. 2019. S. 215–219.
14.
Malysheva E. M. Metodologicheskie i istochnikovedcheskie podkhody k interpretatsii sotsial'noi istorii perioda Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny // Vestnik Adygeiskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Regionovedenie: filosofiya, istoriya, sotsiologiya, yurisprudentsiya, politologiya, kul'turologiya. 2009. Vyp. 1 (42). S. 52–60.
15.
Metodiki samovnusheniya. Psyera: gumanitarno-pravovoi portal. https://psyera.ru/4481/metodiki-samovnusheniya (data obrashcheniya: 17.05.2019).
16.
Moiseeva I. Yu. Chelovek na fronte: k voprosu o gendere v marginal'nykh sredakh // Gendernaya teoriya i istoricheskoe znanie: materialy seminarov. Syktyvkar, 2004. S. 104–119.
17.
Moiseeva I. Yu. «A vstrechi s vami ya zhdu kazhdyi chas ...» (po materialam frontovykh pisem V. Ya. Popova i A. A. Startseva) // Kniga Pamyati Respubliki Komi. T. 10. Syktyvkar, 2004. S. 650–653.
18.
Momotova N. V. Tsennostnyi mir voennosluzhashchikh v pis'makh s frontov Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny // Sotsiologiya. 2005. № 2. S. 106–131.
19.
Munzhukova S. I. Otrazhenie Fevral'skoi revolyutsii 1917 g. v memuarakh uchitel'nitsy O. V. Sinakevich // Ekstremal'noe v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' (k 100-letiyu russkoi revolyutsii 1917 g.). Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. SPb., 2017. s. 97–102.
20.
Organy gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti i pravoporyadka v sisteme strategicheskogo rukovodstva stranoi i vooruzhennymi silami // https://encyclopedia.mil.ru/files/morf/VoV_Vol11_Organi_gosudarstvennoi_bezopasnosti.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 17.05.2019)].
21.
Okhlyabinin S. Povsednevnaya zhizn' russkoi usad'by XIX veka. M.: Molodaya gvardiya, 2006. 347 s.
22.
Petrova A. N. Imperatorskii Aleksandrovskii litsei v gody Pervoi mirovoi voiny i revolyutsionnykh sobytii // Ekstremal'noe v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' (k 100-letiyu russkoi revolyutsii 1917 g.). Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. SPb., 2017. s. 87–92.
23.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 01.04.1943 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
24.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 01.11.1943 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
25.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 01.12.1943 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
26.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 03.05.1945 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
27.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 04.12.1942 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
28.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 05.05.1944 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
29.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 12.12.1942 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
30.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 12.12.1942 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
31.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 15.01.1943 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
32.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 16.11.1943 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
33.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 20.05.1944 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
34.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 24.12.1943 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
35.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 25.02.1945 g. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
36.
Pis'mo Evseeva I. F. ot 25.10.1942 g. MIOIS EA. Fond sem'i Evseevykh.
37.
Pis'mo Konovalova A. V. ot 18.03.1943 g. MIOIS OF. № 1255/2.
38.
Pis'mo Konovalova A. V. ot 27.04.1943 g. MIOIS OF. № 1255/3.
39.
Pis'mo Konovalova A. V. ot 8.06.1944 g. MIOIS OF. № 1255/1.
40.
Pis'mo Konyukhova V. A. ot 10.11.1942 g. MIOIS EA. Fond sem'i Konyukhovykh.
41.
Pis'mo Konyukhova V. A. ot 30.08.1942. MIOIS EA. Fond sem'i Konyukhovykh.
42.
Pis'mo Kushnikova P. I. ot 23.08.1943 g. MIOIS EA. Arkhiv Kushnikovoi S. P.
43.
Pis'mo Kushnikova P. I. ot 28.08.1943 g. MIOIS EA. Arkhiv Kushnikovoi S. P.
44.
Pis'mo Malyarevskogo B. K. ot 24.03.1943 g. MIOIS EA. Lichnyi fond Malyarevskoi A. G.
45.
Pis'mo Perestoronina A. A. ot 28.09.1941 goda. D. 1253. Arkhiv Trofimova A. V.
46.
Pis'mo Perestoronina A. A. ot 30.09.1941 g. D. 1253. Arkhiv Trofimova A. V.
47.
Pis'mo Perestoronina A. A. ot 7.11.1941 g. MIOIS OF. D. 1253. Arkhiv Trofimova A. V.
48.
Pis'mo Trofimova G. I. ot 01.08.1943 g. MIOIS OF. D. 1253/7. Arkhiv Trofimova A. V.
49.
Pis'mo Trofimova G. I. ot 13.03.1943 g. MIOIS OF. D. 1253/5. Arkhiv Trofimova A. V.
50.
Pis'mo Trofimova G. I. ot 29.04.1943 g. MIOIS OF. D.1253/4. Arkhiv Trofimova A. V.
51.
Popravko E. A. Povsednevnaya zhizn' dal'nevostochnykh muzeev v usloviyakh voin i revolyutsii nachala KhKh v. // Ekstremal'noe v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' (k 100-letiyu russkoi revolyutsii 1917 g.). Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. SPb., 2017. s. 92–97.
52.
Pushkarev L. N. Istochniki po izucheniyu mentaliteta uchastnikov voiny (na primere Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny) // Voenno-istoricheskaya antropologiya. M., 2002. S. 319–333.
53.
S veroi v Pobedu. Pis'ma, dnevniki, vospominaniya frontovikov. Tyumen'.: Izd-vo «Vektor-Buk». 2002. 352 s.
54.
Sedler A. A. Povsednevnost' intelligenta: opyt vyzhivaniya v period revolyutsionnykh transformatsii (nachalo 1920-kh gg.) // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2011. № 351. S. 105–108.
55.
Senyavskaya E. S. 1941-1945. Frontovoe pokolenie. Istoriko-psikhologicheskoe issledovanie. M., 1995. 220 s.
56.
Senyavskaya E. S. Prostranstvo i vremya v vospriyatii cheloveka na voine: ekzistentsial'nyi opyt uchastnikov boevykh deistvii // Voenno-istoricheskaya antropologiya. Ezhegodnik, 2005-2006. Aktual'nye problemy izucheniya. M., 2006. S. 152–162.
57.
Senyavskaya E. S. Chelovek na voine ili ternistyi put' ot voennoi istorii k voennoi antropologii. Istoricheskii vestnik. 2018. T. 24. S. 10–43.
58.
Senyavskaya E. S. Chelovek na voine. Istoriko-psikhologicheskie ocherki. M.: Institut rossiiskoi istorii RAN, 1997. 232 s.
59.
Senyavskii A. S., Senyavskaya E. S. Voennaya povsednevnost' kak predmet istoricheskogo issledovaniya: teoretiko-metodologicheskie problemy // Internet-proekt «Velikaya Pobeda». M., 2015. T.X. [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL:http://histrf.ru/ru/biblioteka/great-victory (data obrashcheniya: 15.02.2018). S. 197–210.
60.
Sibirskaya dobrovol'cheskaya. Vtoroe, dopolnennoe izdanie. Zapadno-Sibirskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo. Novosibirsk, 1967. 357 s.
61.
Spravka o mobilizatsii Kushnikova P. I. ot 20.11.1941 g. MIOIS EA. Arkhiv Kushnikovoi S. P.
62.
Sukhova O. A. Istoriya povsednevnosti Pervoi mirovoi voiny: metodologiya i istochniki // Vestnik arkhivista. 2014. № 3. S. 35–51.
63.
Tazhidinova I. G. «Knizhnyi golod khuzhe khlebnogo»: povsednevnye praktiki chteniya v usloviyakh Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny // Kul'turnaya zhizn' Yuga Rossii. 2010. № 2 (36). S. 5–9.
64.
Tazhidinova I. G. A pisat' im nado obyazatel'no o lyubvi // Rodina. 2012. № 3. S. 149–153.
65.
Tazhidinova I. G. Iz chastnoi zhizni frontovikov: perepiska s zhenami v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny // Istoriya i istoriki v kontekste vremeni. 2012. № 9 (9). S. 24–29.
66.
Tazhidinova I. G. Perepiska frontovikov s roditelyami kak istochnik po istorii voennoi povsednevnosti (1941-1945 gg.) // Chastnoe i obshchestvennoe v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii: v 2 tomakh. 2018. S. 116–121.
67.
Tatarnikova A. I. Povsednevnaya zhizn' krest'yan v ekstremal'nykh usloviyakh pereseleniya v Sibir' (konets XIX – nachalo XX vv.) // Genesis: istoricheskie issledovaniya. 2018. № 9. S. 1–13.
68.
Tatarnikova A. I., Zagorodnyuk N. I. Massovoe pereselenie krest'yan v Zapadnuyu Sibir' v kontse XIX – nachale XX vv. v sanitarno-gigienicheskom izmerenii Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2018. № 437. S. 148–154.
69.
Fed'kin A. V. Zhilishchnye usloviya rabochikh Sankt-Peterburga v kontse XX-nachale XX vv. // Material'nyi faktor i predprinimatel'stvo v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' (regional'nyi aspekt). Sbornik materialov mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. 2016. S. 200–206.
70.
Frolova I. V. «Detskaya besprizornost'» v Rossiiskoi imperii vo vtoroi polovine XIX – nachale XX v.: ponyatie, prichiny i osnovnye napravleniya raboty // Ekstremal'noe v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniya Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' (k 100-letiyu russkoi revolyutsii 1917 g.). Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. 2017. s. 341–345.
71.
Yusupova L. N. Voennoe detstvo v pamyati pokoleniya, perezhivshego okkupatsiyu v Karelii // Voenno-istoricheskaya antropologiya. Ezhegodnik, 2005-2006. Aktual'nye problemy izucheniya. M., 2006. S. 345–352.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website