Статья 'Законодательные реформы и эксперименты в системе юридического образования Германии с 1971 по 1984 гг. (на примере земли Баден-Вюртемберг) ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Legislative reforms and experiments in the system of legal education in Germany during the period of 1971-1984 (on the example of Baden-Württemberg state)

Antropov Roman Vladimirovich

PhD in Law

Head of the Department of State and Municipal Law at Transbaikal Entrepreneurship Institute of the Siberian University of Consumer Cooperation

672086, Russia, Zabaikal'skii krai, g. Chita, ul. Leningradskaya, 16, kab. 414

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Antropova Natalya Anatolyevna

Doctor of Philology

Professor, the department of Humanitarian Disciplines, Zabaikalsky Institute of Entrepreneurship of Siberian University of Consumer Cooperation

672086, Russia, Zabaykalsky Krai, Chita, Leningradskaya Street 16, office #435

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The subject of this research is one of the most interesting stages in the development of German legal education, characterized by an unprecedented experiment on testing a monophasic model of preparation of lawyers. The authors set a goal to examine the essence, causes and consequences of the reform undertaken in the system of German legal education over the period of 1971-1984, as well as reveal the advantages and disadvantages of the new educational pursuing correlation with the current Russian realities. The example of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, which was actively engaged in the innovation activity and achieved measurable results, clearly demonstrates the implementation and organization of the educational process in accordance with the new monophasic model. The article introduces the works of the German authors and separate normative documents (federal and state laws) that have not been translated into the Russian language, and thus inaccessible to large audience. It is established that the realization of the experiment on testing the monophasic model of preparation of lawyers as an antipode to the entrenched classical diphasic model, was caused by the public dissatisfaction with the quality and protracted character of legal education. It was legitimized by the adoption of a so-called “experimental clause” in the § 5b of the German Act on the Legal Status of Judges of September 10, 1971. The result of this reform led to the reduction of term of legal education to six years due to intensification of the educational process, elimination of the dualism of theory and practice, increase of the research component in education, as well as focus on the individualization of education and orientation towards formation of the socially adjusted personality of a lawyer. The results of the experiment have received mostly positive evaluations from all the participants, however, due to sociopolitical motives, the implementation of the new model of preparation of lawyers has been declined. The very idea of the monophasic legal education alongside the active process of diversification in the area of rendering educational services is currently being implemented; and so are the principles proclaimed by the reformers of the 1970’s – 1980’s[WU1] , which are relevant for Russia due to joining to the Bologna Process.


Keywords: base models, moniphasic model, experimental clause, legislative innovations, legal education reform, preparation of lawyers, Germany, evolution of educational forms, theory and practice, final testing
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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