Статья 'Введение чрезвычайного положения Временным Приамурским правительством в октябре 1921 г.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Imposing state of emergency by the Provisional Priamur Government in October of 1921

Popov Fedor Alekseevich

Post-graduate student, the department of History of State and Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University

123995, Russia, Moscow, Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street 9




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This article analyzes the mechanism of imposing state of emergency by the “White” Provisional Priamur Government in October of 1921. Having come to power as a result of the upheaval on May 26, 1921, the Provisional Government faced opposition from the side of the left-wing public forces of the region, particularly Bolsheviks and SR’s. At the same time, the “white” regime in Primorye was not trying to establish the dictatorship on the example of such formed over the 1918-1919 in Siberia under Admiral Kolchak. The Priamur Popular Assembly had been convoked; it had the legislative initiative, and the government held responsibility before it. The declaration of state of emergency in October of 1921 was substantiated by the threat of Bolshevist uprising in Primorye. State of emergency was imposed without notifying the Popular Assembly, which caused the robust discussions among the parliamentarians. During the course of debates, the opposition appealed to the acting legislation, while the government explained its decision by the necessity of urgent measures pertaining to ensuring the security on the subordinated territory. Thus, the Provisional Priamur Government contravened the law and demonstrated its capability to violate the legal norms in favor of the own interests. The scientific novelty consists in introduction to the scientific discourse of the materials associates with the discussions in Priamur Popular Assembly and the reaction of the Primorye society upon it. The conclusion is mate that the decision of the Provisional Priamur Government had the contradictory consequences for the Far Eastern “white” statehood. The easiness of the government in imposing the emergency measures showed the immaturity of parliamentarism of Primorye, as well as its inability to confront the governmental iniquity using the legitimate methods.

Keywords: Emergency legislation, Upheaval, Violation of legislation, Legal order, White movement, Priamur Popular Assembly, Parliamentarism, State of emergency, Provisional Priamur Government, Civil war
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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