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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "On top of the wire"
On top of the wire
Stoletov A. - The question of morality in modern technogenic society pp. 132-141


Abstract: The subject of this research is the impact of scientific-technological progress upon morality: quality, orientation, and ways of influence. The author raises a question about the crisis of morality and ethical systems in modern society, as well as determines the key aspects of understanding the fact that society is experiencing the spiritual and moral crises. An attempt is made to detect the following aspects: whether or not the concerns of the scholars pertaining to the moral decadence in technogenic society are substantial; what are the directions in further transformation of the moral-ethical sphere due to the active influence of science upon all spheres of life and implementation of high tech; and which are the main peculiarities of ethnics, adequate technogeneity and riskogenics of the forming type of society. Methodological foundation of this work is the sociocultural and structural-functional approaches necessary for identification of peculiarities of functioning and interaction of ethics, science, and technosphere within the social system. The author applies the elements of comparative-historical analysis for contrasting the processes taking place in the course of establishment of industrialism with the occurring during the fourth scientific-technological revolution. As a result, it is determined that similar situation of the transformation of morality appeared to be during the industrial revolution, which led to the anti-normative turn in ethnics of the XIX-XX centuries. Progress of science and technologies generates the problematic points in the area of ethics by putting a person into the new, previously inexistent circumstances that require the new comprehension and normativization. The reasons of ethical shift in technogenic society, on one hand, is the dominance of the extensive type of creativity (common to the scientific and technical creativity), which is characterized by the reduction of moral and humanitarian aspects. While on the other hand, technoshpere changes the society too rapidly, not allowing the moral norms to establish firmly; their dynamics lags from the dynamics of society, because the understanding and acknowledgement of the norm that comprise morality needs time. The spread of technologies can results in inconsistency of the previous ethical approaches and systems, but creates the prerequisites for formation of the new ethics, which must combine: the principle of “high tech – high touch” proposed by John Naisbitt, who rejects the neutrality of technologies; humanitarization of science and formation of the new type of consciousness in analogy with the mythological consciousness; risk-conditionality that consists in the global responsibility for the adopted decisions and actions.
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