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Philosophical Thought
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "Philosophy of postmodernism"
Philosophy of postmodernism
Astashkin A.M. - The analysis of ontological status of virtual objects: modal logic and contemporary French philosophy (G. Deleuze, Q. Meillassoux, J. Baudrillard, and J. Derrida) pp. 75-85

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.10.26563

Abstract: This article examines the three conceptual approaches to the virtual of Q. Meillassoux, J. Baudrillard and G. Deleuze, as well as the status of virtual objects in modal logic. A goal is set to analyze the conceptual approaches to the virtual world within the framework of the indicated approaches (modal logic and contemporary French philosophy), integrate them into the common concept of the virtual matter that includes the various virtual objects, such as fantasies, digital images, hallucinations, dreams, illusions, and artworks. The subject of this study is the virtual objects in conceptual approaches of modal logic of the contemporary French philosophy. Virtual objects are viewed from the ontological and epistemological perspective. The author analyzes the way of existence of the virtual objects, their classification, and correlation between the diverse types of virtuality. The scientific novelty consists in overview of the most contemporary and relevant philosophical approaches to the phenomenon of virtuality. The following conclusions are made: virtual objects appear as a result of the intentional act of consciousness; they are not real, but simulatively reproduce the reality; virtual worlds do not exists outside and regardless of human consciousness; illusiveness is the basic feature of the virtual matter.
Leushkin R.V. - Modes of Construction of Social Reality: Autonarration and transgression pp. 98-111

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2015.11.1675

Abstract: The subject of this research is a form of existence picture of social reality. The paper deals with modes of construction of social reality, its properties and the conditions of existence. As the level of the social reality represented a social construct, and narrative, expressed in the course of narration. As used in the study approach assumes that everyday reality is not constant structure of external reality and the arbitrary construction of social forms of consciousness or a set of social actors. The study examines the ontological roots of the constructed social reality. In this paper reflects a socio-philosophical approach to the understanding of everyday reality as social constructivism. The study is built using the concepts of poststructuralist philosophy. The key characteristics of social reality stand autonarration and transgression, this is due to a way of representing social reality, as the inter-subjective, self-referential and autopoetic. This means that everyday reality is a natural and self-organizing nature and the conditions of its existence are rooted in human life itself.
Ignatenko A.S. - About Some Ethical Consequences of Post-Modernism Philosophy. Thoughts on F. I. Girenko's Work pp. 110-138

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0174.2013.3.477

Abstract: Based on some F. I. Girenko's ideas expressed in his work 'The Pleasure of Thinking in Another Way', the author reconstructs the conceptual system of post-modernism philosophy using definitions and terms suggested by Girenko and revealing their positive ethical sense. The author describes the historical and philosophical environment where the first Post-Modernity concepts were created by structuralism and under the influence of Henri Bergson's, Georges Bataille's, Pierre Klossowski's and Friedrich Nietzsche's ideas. Discussing the basic and quite popular Post-Modernism concepts such as mircophysics of power, hermeneutics of a subject, simulacrum, difference, repetition, communication and a sign, the author proves the thesis about continuity of Post-Modernity and Friedrich Nietzsche's ethics. Post-Modernity ethics adopted the flaming optimism of repsonsibility and freedom from Nietzsche's ethics: if the reality is created by signs and the process of its perception is nothing else but the process of interpretation of the signs around us, then we actually deserve what happens to us in our life, for it is in our power to develop a fair and harmonic interpretation of the world! 
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