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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "Ideology and psychology of the masses"
Ideology and psychology of the masses
Rozin V.M. - On the understanding of the fundamentals of sociopolitical discourse pp. 30-52


Abstract: This article deals with the ideas of Yulia Latynina. It analyzes the features of one type of sociopolitical discourse and offers a critique of Latynina's concept of "goszavisimost'". "Goszavisimost'" gives us pathological lenses which lead us to consider each individual as an addict of society, i.e. unhealthy, living the wrong life. Also considered are the conditions for the conceivability of sociopolitical discourse: the logic of reasoning, its foundations and methods of study, including two of Latynina's lines of reasoning. One is almost Marxist: there are common social and cultural patterns that people obey, whether they realize it or not. Another idea is subjectivist, by which we determine our perceptions and value of individual social actors. Historical examples are analysed (the actions of Mexican Prince Tlacaelel, our tsar Ivan the Terrible, and the power struggles in medieval Europe between the popes and the secular powers) to show how these lines of reasoning can be linked. It turns out that on the one hand, the relationship between the individual, the community and society is important, while on the other, particulars of the predominant type of sociality and general social conditions are important also.
Gizha A.V. - Substantive limitations of ideologies of the industrial era pp. 91-103


Abstract:  This article analyzes the state of ideological sphere of public consciousness. It is dedicated to identification of the inner extended logics of (self-) development of the concept of ideology in terms of its own interpretation, self-reflection, and practice of utmost transitions. The latter means the analysis of historicity of the indicated phenomenon, which underlines that the time of development of effective functionality of the basic large-scale ideological programs is exhausted as a result of completeness of their ontological grounds in form of historical period of industrialization and classical industrial development. The following conclusions were made: formulation of historical genesis of ideology in the context of emergence and establishment of bourgeois relations; statement that ideology does not carry in itself the fatal falsehood; that it is substantial and possesses the quality of accomplished vicissitude; manifests as quasi-consciousness of the large system structures; it is a subjective-social form of comprehending the historical processes, imitational and private; ideologies are the form of public consciousness of the industrial societies and their timed completes naturally.  
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