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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

History of establishment and functional meaning of the fasting in Judaism

Furtsev Dmitry Olegovich

Post-graduate student, the department of Philosophy of Religion and Religious Studies, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Lomonosovskii Prospekt, 27, of. korp. 4, kafedra filosofii religii i religiovedeniya

D.Furtsev@rambler.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2019.3.29618

Review date:

26-04-2019


Publish date:

29-04-2019


Abstract.

This article examines the tradition of temporary abstinence from food – fasting in Judaism. Its establishment relates to the evolution of Ancient Jewish community and the state, which took place over the course of many years. Certain disasters and tragic occurrences in life of the community or an individual served as the circumstances for fasting; there is also a system of permanent fasts for commemorating global scale events. The tradition of temporary abstinence from food in Judaism rarely become an object of research among the modern scholars, except several articles that carry a rather informative character. The article describes the dependence between the emergence of temporary abstinence from food and social, political, historical, and other circumstances. The author determines the role of fasting in life of a religious congregation. The conclusion is made on the objective factors of the appearance of fasting tradition in Judaism. The article can be valuable for further research of food traditions in Judaism, as well as in educational courses on Judaism.

Keywords: research methods, fast, food rationing, abstinence, taboo, Judaism, Abrahamic religions, ritual, ceremony, prayer
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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