Статья 'Сюрреализм как реакция на кризис культуры в начале XX века' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru



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Philosophical Thought

Surrealism as a response to cultural crisis of the early XX century

Sakurin Alexander

Post-graduate student, the department of History of Foreign Philosophy, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1




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This article examines the phenomenon of surrealism and its evolution until the 1930’s. The focus is made on the fact that the origination of surrealism is directly related to the cultural crisis at the turn of the XIX and XX century due to economic reasons of that period and the World War I. The author analyzes the trend of Dadaism, which significantly influence the key representatives of surrealism. The article explores the philosophy of Bergson and Freud; as well pays considerable attention to the persona of André Breton and his political views that largely affected surrealism. Methodology of this work is structured on the historical-cultural, comparative-historical, culturological, and philosophical analysis. As a result, the author was able to demonstrate that surrealism was way more than a cultural movement. It represented the philosophical concept that pursued a goal of social revolution, renunciation of anything old-fashioned and outdated. The previous capitalist society had to be replaced by a new classless society. Namely this was considered a recovery from the crisis.

Keywords: dadaism, revolution, culture crisis, communism, capitalism, Breton, World War I, surrealism, Freud, psychoanalysis
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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