Статья 'Полемика с ньяя-вайшешикой по вопросу о существовании субъекта в «Таттва-санграхе» Шантаракшиты' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy > Editorial board
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Polemics with Nyaya-Vaisheshika about the existence of an actor in Shantarakshita’s Tattvasamgraha

Titlin Lev Igorevich

PhD in Philosophy

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences

109240, 117198, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 12 str.1, kab. 516

titlus@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2017.10.20948

Review date:

03-11-2016


Publish date:

25-10-2017


Abstract: The subject of this article is the philosophical polemics between Buddhism and Indian School of Nyaya-Vaisheshika on the question of existence and qualities of an actor as it presented in the chapter Atmapariksha (literally, "Study of the Atman") in Shantarakshita’s Tattvasamgraha). Shantarakshita is a Buddhist philosopher of the VIII century, one of the prominent Buddhist thinkers in India and Tibet, a representative of the school of Svatantrika-Madhyamaka. An outstanding oeuvre of Shantarakshita is "Tattvasamgraha" ("Compilation of Essential Problems", or "Compendium of Principles"). It is an extensive polemic work, containing 26 chapters that subject to criticism the identical number of the fundamental philosophical schools of India (Sankhya, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa, Lokayata, Yoga, Vedanta, and also Jainism and Buddhism of other schools). The author concludes that the key postulate of the Nyaya-Vaisheshika regarding the actor lies in the fact that for the mental phenomena (for example, desire, etc.), which are considered as qualities within its system, necessitates the presence of a certain substrate, namely Atman. Shantarakshita, in turn, criticizes the position of the Nyaya-Vaisheshika that the numerous perceptions are comprehended by "self" and, therefore, pertain to the same actor. This article is first to introduce translation from Sanskrit into the Russian language of a substantial passage from Shantarakshita’s Tattvasamgraha with commentaries of Kamalashila dedicated to the question of the existence of actor, as well as philosophical analysis of the aforementioned fragment of text.


Keywords: refutation of subject, non-Self, Self, Tattvasamgraha, Kamalashila, Shantarakshita, subject, Anatman, subjectivity, atman
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Abaeva L., Androsov V., Bakaeva E. Buddizm: slovar'. — M.: Respublika, 1992. 285 s.
2.
Androsov V.P. Madkh''yamaka. // Filosofiya buddizma: entsiklopediya. / otv. red. M.T. Stepanyants; In-t filosofii RAN. M., Vost. lit., 2011. C. 420-422.
3.
Androsov V. P. Shantarakshita. // Filosofiya buddizma: entsiklopediya. / otv. red. M.T. Stepanyants; In-t filosofii RAN. M., Vost. lit., 2011. C. 799-800.
4.
Ignatovich A.N. Madkh''yamaka. // Filosofiya buddizma: entsiklopediya. / otv. red. M.T. Stepanyants; In-t filosofii RAN. M., Vost. lit., 2011. C. 422-425.
5.
Indiiskaya filosofiya: Entsiklopediya. / Otv. red. M.T. Stepanyants, M.: Vostochnaya literatura, 2009. 953 s.
6.
Lepekhov S. Yu. Filosofiya madkh'yamikov i genezis buddiiskoi tsivilizatsii. Ulan-Ude: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN, 1999. 237 s.
7.
Lysenko V.G. Pudgala. // Filosofiya buddizma: entsiklopediya. / otv. red. M.T. Stepanyants; In-t filosofii RAN. M., Vost. lit., 2011. C. 566-567.
8.
Ostrovskaya-ml. E. A. Tibetskii buddizm. — SPb.: Azbuka-klassika; Peterburgskoe Vostokovedenie, 2008. 335 s.
9.
Titlin L.I. Ponyatie sub''ekta v buddizme pudgalavady // Istoriya filosofii № 17. M.: Izd-vo IF RAN, 2013. S. 15-40.
10.
Filosofiya buddizma: entsiklopediya. / otv. red. M.T. Stepanyants; In-t filosofii RAN. M., Vost. lit., 2011.
11.
Shokhin V.K. Vatsiputriya. // Filosofiya buddizma: entsiklopediya. / otv. red. M.T. Stepanyants; In-t filosofii RAN. M., Vost. lit., 2011. C. 208-210.
12.
Chatterdzhi A.K. Idealizm iogachary . Per. D. Ust'yantsev. – Shechen: 2004. 268 s.
13.
Frauwallner, E. Landmarks in the History of Indian Logic. – Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Süd-und Ostasiens 5: 125–148. 1961. P. 141-143.
14.
Blumenthal James, Śāntarakṣita, Rgyal-tshab Dar-ma-rin-chen. The ornament of the middle way: a study of the Madhyamaka thought of Śāntarakṣita : including translations of Śāntarakṣita's Mādhyamakālaṃkāra (The ornament of the middle way) and Gyel-tsab's dbU ma rgyan gyi brjed byang (Remembering "The ornament of the middle way"). – Snow Lion Publications, 2004. 381 p.
15.
Jha Ganganatha. (Tr.). The Tattvasangraha of Shantaraksita With the Commentary of Kamalashila . Vol. 1. – Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1986. 739 p.
16.
Titlin L. The Concept Of Pugdala in the Buddhist School of Pudgalavāda: the Problem of Interpretation and the Evolution of the Conception. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya Filosofiya 2014, N 1. C. 105-111.
17.
Vose Kevin A. Resurrecting Candrakīrti: Disputes in the Tibetan Creation of Prāsaṅgika. – Wisdom Publications, 2009. 294 p
18.
L.I. Titlin Problema «ya» v polemike
mezhdu buddizmom i brakhmanizmom:
istoriya izucheniya voprosa // Filosofiya i kul'tura. - 2013. - 1. - C. 29 - 49. DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2013.01.3.
19.
O.A. Koval' Sogito Dekarta
i transtsendental'naya
sub''ektivnost' Gusserlya // Filosofiya i kul'tura. - 2012. - 12. - C. 94 - 103.
20.
L.I. Titlin Problema ontologicheskogo statusa sub''ekta
v "Pudgala-Vinishchae" Vasubandkhu // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. - 2011. - 8. - C. 91 - 102.
21.
Glinchikova E.V. Kenoticheskii razlom sub''ektivnosti // Filologiya: nauchnye issledovaniya. - 2015. - 1. - C. 36 - 45. DOI: 10.7256/2305-6177.2015.1.14391.
22.
Tattvasaṃgraha of Ācārya Śāntarakṣita with the commentary Pañjikā of Śrī Kamalaśīla. Critical Edited by Swāmi Dvārikāda Śāstrī : in 2 vols. – Varanasi : Bauddha Bharati, 1968.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website