Finance and Management - rubric Comments on legislation
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Finance and Management
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Comments on legislation
Mamontova S., Parkina D., Kolpakova O., Kobanenko T. - The problem of conceptual apparatus of land surveying expertise pp. 45-54

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2020.2.33317

Abstract: The object of this research is the normative legal documents that regulate the process of conducting various types of land surveying expertise. The subject of this research is the conceptual apparatus of land surveying expertise, formed by the indicated documentation. In the course of this study, the authors examined the organizational and legal framework of forensic land surveying expertise and state expertise of land surveying documentation; procedural experience in conducting these types of land surveying expertise; case law on resolution of land and property disputes; works of national and foreign scholars on the matter. The authors attempted to formulate recommendation on the arrangement of conceptual apparatus of land surveying expertise. The relevance of this research is substantiated by insufficient scientific-methodological basis and conceptual apparatus of forensic land surveying expertise. The scientific novelty lies in juxtaposition of the practice, conceptual apparatus, legal, and scientific-methodological framework of forensic land surveying expertise and state expertise of land surveying documentation. The conclusion is made that on partial nonconformity of the concept of forensic land surveying expertise to the type of works conducted thereof. It is proposed to amend judicial legislation with regards to allocation of the new type of forensic expertise, as well as cadastral legislation with regards to broadening the types of cadastral activity.
Mel'nichenko S.V. - Subjects of legal relations emerging from bank guarantee in the contractual system pp. 81-90

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2020.1.32208

Abstract: The object of this research is the parties of relations of bank guarantee within the contractual system. The subject of this research is the legal position of the parties of the relations pertaining to provision bank guarantee in the sphere of procurement. In the process of examining the status of the parties of relations in bank guarantee within the contractual system, the author examines the normative legal acts that establish requirements and boundaries for parties of the relations pertaining to guarantee commitment in the sphere of procurement. Throughout the process of studying the status of subjects of guarantee commitments in the sphere of procurement, special attention is given to the requirements imposed on the guarantor, beneficiary, and principal in the contractual system. The main conclusions consist in the requirements established by the Law on Contractual System and other normative legal acts restricting the list of persons authorized to act as a guarantor, beneficiary, and principal of bank guarantee in the sphere of procurement. It is determined that such requirements are characteristic to the guarantee commitment in the sphere of procurement.
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