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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Finance and Management" > Contents of Issue є 03/2023
Contents of Issue є 03/2023
Financial regulation
Andreeva O.V. - Institutional environment of financial regulation of social innovations pp. 1-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.3.43547

EDN: VTWGIS

Abstract: The increasing attention to social innovations in recent years has been caused by the search for alternative ways to solve the problems of the public sector, transformational processes in socio-economic systems taking place under the influence of accelerating technological progress, as well as increased interest and participation of economic agents in solving these problems, including through financial regulation. The purpose of the article is to develop theoretical ideas about the institutional environment of financial regulation of social innovations as a key tool for solving socio-economic problems caused by the increase in external and internal challenges and threats due to the increasing complexity of international relations, the risks of imbalance of the country's financial system, the growth of poverty and social inequality. As a result of the research, the following factors have been identified: factors affecting the stability of the institutional environment of financial regulation of social innovations; specific functions characterizing the institutional environment of financial regulation of social innovations; the main directions of influence of the state as the main subject of the institutional environment of financial regulation of social innovations; the subject-institutional composition of participants in the social innovation process. The effectiveness of social innovations is directly dependent on the development of the relevant institutional environment and the well-functioning mechanism of interaction of the subjects of the socio-innovation process. In this regard, further development and transformation of the institutional environment of financial regulation of social innovations should be aimed at creating conditions for stable functioning and regulation of social innovation activities, involving the widest possible range of stakeholders in it, expanding access to the necessary sources of financial resources.
Social security
Balynin I.V., Ragozin A.V., Grishin V.V., Safonov A.L. - Analysis of sources of financing of medical care in the Russian Federation pp. 17-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.3.44030

EDN: ZERKBU

Abstract: The subject of the study is the sources of financial support for state guarantees of free medical care to citizens in the Russian Federation. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the composition and structure of the financial support of state guarantees of free medical care to citizens (including the volume of contributions received by the budget of the Federal Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund for working citizens and for non-working citizens). The authors also assessed the potential volume of MHIF budget revenues from the payment of insurance premiums and compared the results obtained with actual data. Research methods used: structural and dynamic analysis, synthesis, comparison, as well as graphical presentation of the results obtained. Based on the results of the study, it was revealed that contributions for the non-working population are paid from regional budgets. Taken together with the use of funds from the federal budget for the implementation of the program of state guarantees for the provision of free medical care to citizens, this allows us to conclude that the budgetary financial mechanism is predominantly used in financial support for the implementation of state guarantees of free medical care to citizens in Russia. In order to maximize the volume of funds for solving problems in the field of healthcare, as well as ensuring their more efficient use, the authors propose expanding the list of objects subject to insurance premiums, as well as a more reasonable approach to establishing various preferential regimes that reduce the volume of budget revenues of the Federal Compulsory Health Insurance Fund. The authorТs calculations showed that the actual revenues of the MHIF budget are approximately half of the potential ones.
International economic integration
Hasanov J. - Problems and prospects of the European Union: economic aspects pp. 28-34

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.3.44011

EDN: ZERUWY

Abstract: This article analyzes the economic aspects currently faced by the European Union. The author resorts to studying this issue through the prism of several important categories, such as the functioning of the single market, the role of the eurozone, the impact of globalization and digital transformation on the economy, as well as issues of sustainable development. A variety of general scientific methods are used for analysis, including analysis and synthesis, as well as logical and comparative descriptive approaches. This allows the author to gain a deeper understanding of the economic situation of the European Union and identify potential solutions to these problems. The analysis of this article leads to the conclusion that the prospects for the economic development of the European Union are closely related to its level of integration within the Union, its ability to adapt to the processes of globalization and successfully solve both internal and external challenges. Despite significant achievements, such as the creation of the single market and the eurozone, there are still imbalances and vulnerabilities within them that pose serious obstacles to the long-term stability and functioning of the Union. A key factor in determining the future economic trajectory of the EU will be its ability to solve these complex problems and promote innovation and sustainable development. In the modern world, strategic planning and effective management are becoming even more important for preserving and strengthening the position of the European Union in the global economic arena.
Business organization
Liang Y. - Problems of managing the value of companies in the process of mergers and acquisitions: foreign and Russian experience pp. 35-43

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.3.40779

EDN: ZESWBS

Abstract: The growing popularity of mergers and acquisitions is due to their proven effectiveness in practice, which is expressed not only in the possible improvement of economic indicators, but also in the possibility of combining resources, knowledge and experience, increasing competitiveness, increasing innovation, reducing risks and other scale effects. However, during mergers and acquisitions, companies participating in such transactions face cost management problems, which often reduces their effectiveness and negatively affects the performance of further activities of participating companies up to record losses. The research goal is to identify, based on the analysis of foreign and Russian experience, the factors that form the problems of managing the value of companies as a result of the implementation of mergers and acquisitions. The objectives of the study are: to consider the concept and essence of mergers and acquisitions, their advantages and disadvantages in modern economic conditions; to analyze foreign and Russian experience in managing the value of companies as a result of mergers and acquisitions; to identify factors that form the problems of managing the value of companies as a result of mergers and acquisitions. The problems of managing the value of companies as a result of the implementation of mergers and acquisitions are caused by many factors. The article presents the concept and essence of mergers and acquisitions, their advantages and disadvantages in modern economic conditions. The most vivid foreign and Russian experience of managing the value of companies as a result of mergers and acquisitions is analyzed, trends and problems existing in this area are identified. According to the results of the study, the factors that form the problems of managing the value of companies as a result of the implementation of mergers and acquisitions were identified.
Innovations, innovative activities
Nikolaev P.V. - Fundamentals of strategic leadership of the digital ecosystem business model pp. 44-57

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7802.2023.3.68956

EDN: GUIHTW

Abstract: In the modern world, due to the development of Internet technologies, the activity of companies in the digital environment is becoming increasingly important. The most successful of them base their activities on a special kind of business model Ц the digital ecosystem, which is a unique combination of factors that allow the company to occupy a strategically leading position and be the most cost-effective. The paper characterizes and reveals the most characteristic features of the business model of the digital ecosystem, as well as clearly demonstrates the factors of competitiveness of digital ecosystems. Also, this work allows a deeper understanding of the essence of digital ecosystems as a key element of the modern economy, revealing their role in ensuring strategic leadership and sustainable competitiveness of companies in the digital age. Among the methods used were a comprehensive review of existing literature, case analysis, surveys and interviews with business leaders and experts in the field, a comparative analysis of case studies. The need for effective leadership in the digital age is widely recognized by both the business community and academia. However, there is still much to learn about the specific factors that determine successful leadership strategies in this new digital world. This research aims to identify the key features of successful leadership strategies in the digital age, focusing on the business models of digital ecosystems that allow you to take a leading position in the global market. The scientific novelty of this work lies in an in-depth analysis of the impact of digital technologies on the strategic leadership of companies and the identification of specific aspects that shape the success of digital ecosystems in a competitive global environment. This research aims to fill gaps in understanding the key factors that ensure strategic leadership in the era of digital transformation.
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