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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Litera" > Contents of Issue № 04/2021
This issue is currently being formed. All articles presented on this page have already been included in this issue, are considered published, and will remain unchanged in the final version of the issue along with other metadata of the articles.
Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Главный редактор: Спирова Эльвира Маратовна, доктор философских наук, elvira-spirova@mail.ru
Contents of Issue № 04/2021
Linguistics
Komarova K.I. - Analytical forms of expressing the category of certainty / uncertainty in modern Slovenian fiction pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35274

Abstract: This article examines the analytical approach towards expressing the category of certainty / uncertainty in Slovenian fiction. The analytical forms are comprised by the unchangeable article-type particle “ta”, which is commonly used in the Slovenian colloquial language, but at present is also actively used in the literary language. Special attention is given to the modern Slovenian fiction. The author analyzed ten Slovenian novels published between 2008 and 2018, and revealed all instances of using the article-type particle with both, substantive adjectives and together with adjectives and nouns. The following conclusions were formulated: colloquial elements in fiction perform a stylistic function; therefore one of the key tasks of the article-type particle consists in speech characteristic of the character, including indicating his dialect, since all instanced of using the particle are in the dialogical speech or first-person narrative. However, it is important to note that in most instances, the particle is used with substantive adjectives, which indicates lexicalization of combination of the particle and the adjective, which is used for mentioning a known person/object or indicating a characteristic feature.
Grammar
Dmitrieva E.I., Grubin I.V., Kudryavtseva E.V., Pluzhnikova I.I. - Translation of the grammatical meaning of past tense forms in a professional text (on the example of the railroad theme) pp. 8-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35382

Abstract: The subject of this article is the grammatical category of tense. The majority of linguists tend to define tense, the ratio of action to the moment of speech. The object of this research is the ways of translating past tense forms from English to Russian. The goal of this article consists in the analysis of functionality of the forms of expression of past tense in a professional text and translation techniques. The sentences selected via method of continuous sampling from online publications dedicated to the topic of transport, served as the material for this research. Analysis is conducted on 5,680 sentences. Examination of the language material employs the method of continuous sampling and quantitative analysis is used. Despite the fact that the grammatical category of tense in both English and Russian languages is well studied, translation of the category of tense has not been scrutinized within the framework of linguistic translation studies, which substantiates the relevance of this work. The novelty lies in systematization and quantitative description of the techniques of translation past tense forms from English to Russian. It is established that there are three main techniques of translating past tense forms into Russian: 1) using nonverbal means or infinitive verbs; 2) using nonpast tense forms; 3) using past tense forms. The choice of perfective or imperfective verb in translation is determined by the presence of additional grammatical meanings in the tense, as well as the context
Linguistics
Bondareva E.P., Chistyakova G.V. - Universal value worldview: analysis of virtual tourist reviews pp. 18-32

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.32610

Abstract: All realities of the surrounding human environment have an axiological potential, and it is generally believed that the ethnic worldviews are characterized by various evaluative dominants. This work substantiates the idea of the existence of universal value attitudes of the representatives of different locative worldviews. The object of this research is the evaluative field “Recreation”; the subject is evaluative judgments of the authors of virtual reviews about vacation on the island Hainan (China), which contain an axiological response to a particular object related to the analyzed evaluative field. The virtual tourist reviews from three locative groups (USA, Europe, Russia) served as the material for this research. The analysis was based on the field method of language description. The conducted research demonstrates that the evaluative field “Recreation” has a similar structure in the representations of native speakers of the three locative groups. The nuclear zone is represented by the thematic group “Hotel accommodation”; the near periphery is formed by the thematic groups “Service”, “Food”, “Beach recreation”; the far periphery includes evaluative judgments of the thematic groups “Activities outside the hotel”, “Landscape”, “Overall impression”, “Fauna”. Each group consists of several objects of evaluation, the axiological response to which is verbalized through evaluative predicates. As a result of studying the evaluation field “Recreation”, the author established that nationality and place of residence of a person do not impact the choice of the object of evaluation of recreation sphere; responses of the representatives of the three locations to tourist objects are very similar.
Rhetoric
Murzina O.V., Gotovtseva A.G. - Neo-Quintilian paradigm of modern youth media pp. 33-41

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35318

Abstract: The subject of this research is the transformation of classical ancient rhetoric in modern media, namely of such a mandatory part of the classical presentation of speech according to Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, as rebuttal to an opponent's argument. The article employs posts of the authors of various blogs on the entertainment portals and their interaction with users’ commentaries. Response to an objection was an important element of the canon of presentation of speech in antiquity: by doing so, the speaker demonstrated a confident command of the topic, and at the same time, that the topic is objectionable and requires argumentation. The reduction of competitive eloquence turned this part of the canon into a ritual weakened its ties with the actual speech practice. In modernity, we can observe the return of rebuttal to an opponent's arguments as an independent genre – the author in his publications counts on rebuttal and prepares in advance. The novelty of this research consists in the fact that the Neo-Quintilian paradigm of modern youth media is analyzed for the first time. The main conclusions lies in revelation of transformation and deformation of the classical canon: being the so-called cultural constant, the classical canon of ancient rhetoric is conveyed to modern users through interaction with accepted patterns. The modern young audience perceives the canon indirectly, through approved or criticized examples of eloquence, eliciting rfagments thereof – thus, the semantic connection of argument and rebuttal is one of the versions of the deformed, but recognizable canon.
Literary criticism
Sangadieva E.G., Amgalanova M.V. - Representation of worldview in the Buryat national literature of early XX century pp. 42-50

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35384

Abstract: One of the fundamental problems within the theoretical and methodological research of national literatures is the analysis of the worldview. This article explores the national worldview in the works of Buryat writers of the early XX century on the example of B. Baradin (1878-1937) and P. Dambinov under the pseudonym Solbone Tuya (1892-1938). The author reveals the key concepts (space and time), images, and poetic metaphors. Their representation in artistic pursuits in the context of genesis of the national Buryat literature is substantiated to their closeness to the Mongolian culture, speciticity of ethnic culture, confessional views, features of consciousness and philosophical aspects of the topic of the world and human overall. As of today, the literary heritage of the first Buryat writers is virtually not covered in the separate authorial publications; it particularly pertains to the repressed representatives of oral lore, whose works were not published for a long time. The artistic heritage of these authors is confessional views through archival documents and other materials. The key research methods of the poetic heritage of the writers became axiological, semiotic, and structural-semantic. The scientific novelty consists in the analysis of the national concept of the world in works of the founders of Buryat literature as a unique phenomenon of the national oral lore with sound ethnocultural elements.
Question at hand
Tymchuk E.V., Gamayeva L.A. - The concept of definiteness and its lexical-grammatical representation in the modern English-language scientific discourse pp. 51-63

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35385

Abstract: The subject of this research is the concept of definiteness and its lexical-grammatical representation in the scientific discourse of the modern English language. The author notes the universal nature of this concept, since it is a crucial component of communication in any culture, any human society. It was always important for the one who talks and the one who listens to indicate the objects of physical and mental world associated with the world of their things and notions. It is underlined that the development of society and transition from the communal to egocentric perception of the world changed the understanding of the concept of “definiteness”. The novelty of this this research consists in a specific articulation of the scientific problem. The concept of definiteness is viewed within the English scientific discourse, taking into account the crucial facts of lexical-grammatical implementation of this concept in other cognate languages. It is concluded that the changes in the concept of “definiteness” substantiated the peculiarities of the use of positive articles in the modern English-language scientific discourse, and also contributed to the widespread use of the zero article. The methodological framework is comprised of the methods of linguistic research: comparative-historical and comparative analysis; as well as methods of lexical-semantic and syntactic analysis of texts from the English-language scientific discourse.
Literary criticism
Veprev A.I. - pp. 64-92

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35358

Abstract:
Linguistics
Wang Q., Sheremetyeva E.S. - pp. 93-103

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35483

Abstract:
Literary criticism
Sulaimanov M.U. - pp. 104-117

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35485

Abstract:
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