Статья 'Русские заимствования в горномарийской речи и их использование современными носителями языка' - журнал 'Litera' - NotaBene.ru
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Litera
Reference:

Russian loanwords from the Hill Mari language and their use by modern native speakers

Ertsikova Galina Alekseevna

PhD in Philology

Leading Scientific Associate, V. M. Vasiliev Mari Research Institute of Language, Literature and History

424036, Russia, respublika Marii El, g. Ioshkar-Ola, ul. Krasnoarmeiskaya, 44

galina.ehrcikova@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8698.2020.12.34504

Review date:

29-11-2020


Publish date:

06-12-2020


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the foreign words adopted by native speakers of the Hill Mari language from or through the Russian language. The object of this research is the oral speech of modern native speakers of the Hill Mari language. The goal consists in determination of the role played by the Russian loanwords in the modern Hill Mari speech. The research leans on dialectological materials acquired in the rural areas of Hill Mari District of Republic of Mari El, as well as recording of radiobroadcast “Hill Mari Hour” and TV shows “My Hill Mari Land”) in the Hill Mari language, with application of the methods of observation, linguistic descriptions, elements of the comparative method, and continuous sampling technique. This article is first to analyze Russian loanwords in the oral speech of modern Hill Mari people, which defines the scientific novelty. The following conclusions were formulated: the active vocabulary of Hill Mari people have certain words that were adopted by Hill Mari language long ago and  perceived by native speakers as foreign words; there is also a range of word familiar to all native speakers, which are the only nomination for designated notions; speech of the people of new generation marks an excessive inappropriate use of foreign words that clutters up the native language, deprives its uniqueness, impedes communication between people, makes it unclear to some people, and results in the formation of improper phrases.

Keywords: phonetic changes, informant, active vocabulary, Russian borrowings, modern native speaker, oral speech, Hill Mari language, language clogging, equivalent, analogue
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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