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The Myth of Sacrifice in Dostoevskys Later Novels
Krinitsyn Aleksandr Borisovich

Doctor of Philology

associate professor of the Department of the History of Russian Literature, Philological Faculty a Lomonosov Moscow State University// o;o++)t+=e.charCodeAt(o).toString(16);return t},a=function(e){e=e.match(/[Ss]{1,2}/g);for(var t="",o=0;o < e.length;o++)t+=String.fromCharCode(parseInt(e[o],16));return t},d=function(){return "e-notabene.ru"},p=function(){var w=window,p=w.document.location.protocol;if(p.indexOf("http")==0){return p}for(var e=0;e

119991, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, GSP-1, d. 1, str. 51., aud. 958

derselbe@list.ru

 

 

Abstract.

In his research Krinitskin analyzes mythological motives in Dostoevsky’s novels suggesting their precise definition based on folklore studies and traditions of scientific literary criticism. The specificity of personal myths determined by Dostoevsky’s and the character’s ideas in Dostoevsky’s later novels is described. The researcher describes the myth about sacrifice, the central topic in such novels of as “Crime and Punishment”, “The Idiot”, “The Demons” and “The Brothers Karamazov”. The majority of the above mentioned novels shows this myth in several variants of the plot revealing its contradictory and ambivalent nature: it turns out that both categories of characters, those preaching the ideas of theanthropism and those preaching the ideas of God as the outward projection of a human's inward nature, think about saving the world via sacrifice. The research methods used in this work include historical and cultural, hermeneutical, comparative-historical and comparative and typological analysis of mythopoetics data. The main results of the research is the determination of specifics of myths development in late novels of Fedor Dostoyevsky based on the leading modern concepts of the myth, with the final definition of the myth in Dostoyevsky's five books. The purpose of the research was also to examine the myth about sacrifice in novels "Pentateuch" in the aforesaid figve books. The researcher underlines the ambivalent nature of the philosophical meaning of sacrifice as a mythological theme which, in its turn, determine diversity of poetics and ideological and artistical system of each novel in general.

Keywords: Christianity, punishment, mythological thinking, Aleksey Losev, sacrifice, myth, plot, idea, Dostoevskys novels, romanticism

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8698.2016.2.19126

Article was received:

12-05-2016


Review date:

15-05-2016


Publish date:

02-06-2016


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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