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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Gender studies"
Gender studies
Ionov A. - Slasher subgenre in light of Carol J. Clover’s gender theory pp. 6-15


Abstract: The author of this article turns to a number of main theses of the Carol J. Clover’s book “Men, Women, and Chain Saws” (1992), as well as analyzes if in reality they represent the intrinsic genre-defining features for the examined Clover’s subgenre. The work of Clover is the first to draw attention to such disrespectable horror subgenre by the humanitarian science, which not only revolutionized the area of gender research in cinematography, and popularized the term “shlasher”, but also firmly penetrated the contemporary pop culture. In this article, Clover’s book which still has not been translated into Russian, is subjected to a critical content-analysis. The aspect and comparative analyses of the slasher subgenre movies of 1970-2010’s are being used for the purpose of verification on authenticity of the main positions of the work of this legendary theoretician. The author of the article underlines the use of the main positions of Clover’s theory by the agents of the cinematography community, and conducts an analysis with regards to them. Calling a number of Clover’s observations fair, the author however does not believe that the others (including the “final girl” concept) are necessary for determination of the slasher subgenre.
Sidorova G.P. - Soviet Economic Everyay Life in Images of Popular Art of the 1960 - 1980th: Gender Features of the Axiology of Labour pp. 70-89


Abstract: Object of research is representation of the Soviet economic daily occurrence of the 1960-1980th in art of this period. Production and consumption, household and social production, the individual valuable orientations motivating economic activity of the subject of culture, and also their subject-corporal fixedness falls within the scope of economic daily occurrence; perception of official culture masses; mentality manifestations in economic activity; perception of official culture masses – adaptation of specialized forms of economic culture in daily forms. Research objective – to reveal gender features аксиологики the work, reflected in artistic images of the Soviet mass art of the 1960-1980th. Research methodology: system, historical typology and komparativny methods, semiotics and germenevtichesky analysis of works of art. Research showed: in the Soviet socialist culture of industrial society development of innovations is inconsistent connected to strengthening of traditional valuable orientations and new forms of tradition. From "thaw" time to the "seventieth" value of socialist values in society steadily decreased. Valuable orientations were displaced from socialist to traditional and universal values, and also to values of market economy and a consumer society. In the period of "thaw" and in the "seventieth" art figuratively embodied all completeness of the real valuable world of the subject of the Soviet culture.
Tolstokorova A.V. - Role of Socio-Spatial Exteriorization and Geographic Mobility in the Formation of Gender Identities of Ukrainian Women (late 19th-early 20th centuries) pp. 92-146


Abstract: The present article is devoted to the study of independent spatial mobility of Ukrainian educated women from the historical perspective and in terms of gender analyses. The article shows that the process of women gaining better social positions enabled the development of new social values of the generation of “new women" who denied the “women’s place is at home” principle and aimed at spatial and intellectual emancipation as prerequisites of their economic independence. The gender analysis of the process of institutionalization of Ukrainian women in the public space allows to describe the principle means of emancipation that include social, professional and geographic mobility combined with new ways of physical activities and practices. The article also defines the key factors contributing to the expansion of spatial context of women’s lives and their achievement of spatial freedom. These are economic, moral and ethical, socio-cultural and didactic factors. The results of the research show that fashion is one of the most efficient ways to control physical freedom of women. Liberalization of fashion in late XIX - early XX centuries resulted from the integration of Ukrainian urban women into the public space and the labour market and women’s spatial emancipation. This enabled the gender democratization of the body image of Ukrainian educated women.
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