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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Contents of Issue є 05/2023
Contents of Issue є 05/2023
Culture of art and the process of creation
Nikolovskaya Y.V. - Potentials of computer graphics in development artistic abilities of students pp. 1-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.43950

EDN: WGJWKV

Abstract: The subject of research in this article is the use of such a type of computer art as computer graphics in the artistic development of children studying in secondary educational institutions, from the point of view of pedagogy. When analyzing the potential of two-dimensional computer graphics, its means that exist from the point of view of art history and computer science are taken into account. Particular attention is paid to the technical potential of computer graphics in the development of artistic abilities of students and includes hardware and software, and art history is focused on the artistic and expressive potential formed by the artistic and expressive means of computer graphics (dot, silhouette, color, etc.). The main conclusions of the study of the topic are the detailed disclosure of the potentials of computer graphics. We are talking about its properties, which, combined with each other, ensure the development of the artistic abilities of children. This article characterizes such properties and considers the developing possibilities of each of them. The author's special contribution to the study of the topic is the formulation of theoretical aspects, thanks to which in the future it is possible to develop effective methods for teaching people belonging to different age categories, computer graphics and fine arts within the framework of art education.
Sociology of culture, social culture
Khe Y. - The problem of intercultural communication in education: culture shock and adaptation to it. pp. 17-28

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.43838

EDN: XRVSUM

Abstract: The subject of this article refers to the phenomenon of culture shock based on data obtained from a survey of Chinese students studying at the Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies of Lomonosov Moscow State University. The signs of culture shock as a social phenomenon and mental state are listed. The reasons leading to culture shock and its consequences are considered. In addition, the history of studying this issue by Russian and foreign scientists is widely presented. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the use of qualitative and quantitative methods for collecting and analyzing the information obtained, as well as the development of approaches to prevent such a situation. The study shows that signs of culture shock are inherent in all Chinese students in Russia to varying degrees. However, through analysis of detailed data, it is discovered that individual differences in intercultural adaptation are more significant. Culture shock is not directly related to gender, but has a certain connection with specialties and courses. Meanwhile, this phenomenon has a greater degree of connection with character and the ability to intercultural communication (the ability to solve problems when faced with them). In addition, measures are proposed aimed at preventing this condition, as well as overcoming the communication barrier, improving intercultural communication and developing international education.
Audiovisual culture and art
Prokhorova E.V. - Main expressive devices of the literary screenplay in Russian cinema of the 1990s pp. 29-38

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.44041

EDN: YMAKXT

Abstract: The article explores the means of literary expressiveness used in the literary screenplays of film screenwriters of the 1990s. The literary screenplay, characterized by the extensive use of literary devices, became an educational and production standard of Soviet cinema from the 1930s. All elements of this form are subservient to the goal of subsequent screen embodiment and are directly related to the issues of the future film. In the 1990s, the transition from the state-controlled Soviet film production system to the producer model led to a shift towards the American screenplay, whose dry and concise language was radically opposed to the stylistic uniqueness of the literary screenplay. Some of the last debutants among the graduates of VGIK, who received their education in accordance with the Soviet model of teaching film dramaturgy (P. Lutsyk and A. Samoryadov, R. Litvinova, A. Balabanov), develop in their screenplays a complex set of techniques aimed at reflecting their contemporary issues through the formation of the film's chronotope, speech characteristics of the hero and their image using literary means Ц syntax, through which the spatial-temporal unity of the screenplay is organized, replicas, the score of the role, and the logic of editing and camera work (scale, angle, point of shooting) are created. These structural elements are inseparable from screenplay as a type of text. The author comes to the conclusion that the development of methods for their presentation in the screenplay text by the authors of the 1990s significantly influences the subsequent development of Russian screenwriting.
Zaitcev A.Y. - Artistic image in animated cinema as an integrative multilevel dynamic phenomenon pp. 39-46

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.29996

EDN: PRAMHF

Abstract: This article discusses the specific features of the artistic image, the artistic form of the screen, including animated works. The artistic image in animation is a complex and multilevel phenomenon that takes the expressive and visual form of the director's vision and conveys the content through the artistic form. The aim of the work is to attempt to define the "artistic image" in animated cinema. The object of the study is the form of an animated work as the integrity of its artistic concept, combining various audiovisual elements, involving a laborious technological embodiment on the screen, combining the expressive and visual form of the director's vision, his creative interpretation of the chosen plot. The author of the article suggests considering the animated image as an artistic phenomenon as one of the most important aspects characterizing the integrity of an animated film. The novelty of the work lies in an attempt to define such a concept as "the image of an animated film". The new empirical material presupposes the updating of the terminology of art criticism, including the film-making tools in the process of theoretical analysis of screen culture. In this perspective, it is necessary to clarify, expand and update the traditional terminology (in particular, the definition of an artistic image in animation) used in the artistic and aesthetic analysis of screen works. The results of the study can have both scientific and theoretical, and creative and practical application. The materials and conclusions of this article can be used as a conceptual and methodological basis for further scientific research.
Culture and cultures
Mikhelson S.V. - Understanding the "other" in the dialogue of cultures pp. 47-60

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.40953

EDN: BUAVCZ

Abstract: The article presents an analysis of the principles of the "dialogue of cultures" principle, as a means of intercultural interaction between people belonging to different cultures. The clash of different cultures creates the need for dialogue and actualizes the question of the possibility of understanding. The problem of understanding the "other" in the dialogue of cultures includes not only the problem of understanding representatives of different cultural communities, but also the clash of "other" social communities, "other" peoples, "other" personalities. It is important to note that the existence of culture is possible only in the dialogue of those who created and those who perceive the phenomenon of culture. The dialogue of cultures is a form of interaction, understanding and evaluation of cultural objectivity and is at the center of the cultural process. The interaction of cultures in the modern world is manifested at all levels of human life: in everyday, economic, political, business levels. The increased interest in the issues of the culture of negotiation, intercultural interaction, the role of culture in society and various spheres of public life is closely related to the problems of a cultural nature. It becomes relevant to study the processes of adaptation to a foreign cultural environment, where the subject of research is not only new value standards, but also the mechanisms of interaction of existing cultural norms and, which is very important, the study of universal concepts used in various forms of cultural dialogue.
Philosophy of culture
Semukhina E.A., Ovchinnikova E.V. - On the representation of the cultural category of sinfulness in the works of A.N. Radishchev pp. 61-68

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.68780

EDN: BWIQGC

Abstract: The subject of the research in this article is the category of sinfulness and the peculiarities of its actualization in the Russian culture of the late XVIII Ц early XIX century. The author examines the category under study through the prism of fiction, since this historical period is characterized by a special literary centrism, when the social, spiritual, and cultural life of society was reliably reflected in the works of art. The author focuses on the cultural analysis of A.N. Radishchev's treatise "On man, his mortality and Immortality", in which the category of sinfulness is represented through the writer's appeal to such concepts as vice, virtue, the sin of lust, greed, laziness and pride, as well as to the idea of punishment for sins, images of heaven and hell. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the fact that for the first time the category of sinfulness was considered, an objectification of the sin was found in the work of A.N. Radishchev "About man, his mortality and immortality". In his essay, the writer examines in detail the sin of lust, its causes and consequences, devoting only a few lines to other sins, such as laziness, greed and pride, which allows us to judge their subjective significance. Based on the conducted cultural analysis, the author concludes that the category under study is implicit and is the basic one for the Russian society of the XIX century. In the work of A.N. Radishchev, the main, regulatory function of the category of sinfulness is actualized.
Sociology of culture, social culture
Bai J. - Artistic activity of Russian-Soviet artists in Harbin and Shanghai China during the period of the Republic of China (1912Ц1949) pp. 69-84

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.43954

EDN: CAHDXJ

Abstract: This article mainly studies and analyzes the artistic activity of Soviet artists in Harbin and Shanghai during the period of the Republic of China. Due to their special geographical location, Harbin and Shanghai have always been centers of dissemination and artistic exchange of Soviet art and culture in China. The subject of the study is various types of art education and artistic activities that Soviet artists carried out in China during the period of the Republic of China. The object of the study is the influence that the spread of Soviet realistic painting in China had on the development of modern Chinese art in the XX century. The author pays special attention to the analysis of the profound impact that the appearance of various art studios created in China, acquaintance with the artistic work of Soviet artists, as well as training with the owl, have had on the development of modern Chinese art. Soviet art has been the basis for the development of modern Chinese art from the very beginning. The novelty of this study lies in the fact that the author addresses a little Ц explored topic Ц how the arrival of Soviet artists in China, which coincided with the "Movement of Foreign Painting" in the Republic of China, influenced the formation of Chinese art. Soviet artists strongly supported the innovative artistic creativity of Chinese artists and at the same time contributed to the dominance of Soviet realistic art in the artistic landscape during the formation of China. The main conclusions of the study are that the mass spread of Soviet art in China created new ground for traditional Chinese art, gave a continuation and a new life to traditional painting. To a certain extent, this influenced the artistic and aesthetic preferences of that time and even the general public, and also directly affected the development of Chinese art education in the XX century.
Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation
Shulgina O., Shul'gina D.P. - Features of the formation of the cultural and landscape environment near the objects of Moscow's natural heritage on the example of the Ramenka River Valley pp. 85-96

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2023.5.43526

EDN: CFDGXN

Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the formation of the cultural and landscape environment of Moscow. The cultural landscape is considered as a result of the co-creation of nature and man, which is especially pronounced in urbanized space. This can be traced in historical and cultural contexts on the example of the territory located in the valley of the Ramenka River. The relevance of the study is due to the insufficient study of this territory, which became part of Moscow only in the middle of the twentieth century and the importance of scientific understanding of modern architectural and landscape transformations. The work is based on literary, archival, cartographic sources, data from their own local history observations. The work uses historical and cartographic research methods, as well as methods of local history observations, system-structural analysis. † The scientific novelty of the research consists in the systematization and generalization of multiple diverse information characterizing the history of the formation of the cultural landscape of one of the districts of Moscow; in identifying the factors that determined the peculiarities of the formation and change in time of these landscapes, in assessing the impact of modern architectural and urban planning approaches on the environmental situation. The main conclusions of the study: despite the centuries-old efforts of people to dominate the "nature-society-man" system, with the development of ecological culture, the priority of natural values in the formation of urban landscapes increases; the natural heritage of Moscow is an integral element of its cultural heritage; the construction of modern residential complexes near natural heritage sites, paradoxically, contributes to the improvement of environmental situation, creative improvement of the visual environment.
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