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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Contents of Issue № 02/2017
Contents of Issue № 02/2017
Audiovisual culture and art
Bykova N.I. - The game as plot-and the aesthetic phenomenon of gaming cinema pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8744.2017.2.22680

Abstract: The subject of the study is the game as an artistic device in modern cinema. The object of research is modern cinema art. The author examines the question of what the game is from the point of view of philosophy and art history. The study analyzes screen versions of famous works of world literature based on the game in its various manifestations. Of interest are several cinematographic works in this aspect, among them the national adaptation of F. Durrenmatt's novel "The Accident", the director V. Zhalakiavicius, and the screen version of the play "The Sleuth" by A. Shaffer.The main methods of this study are comparative-historical and analytical. A comparative analysis of the cinematographic material of different years makes it possible to trace the dynamics of changes in cinematic artistic techniques. In the study for the first time films are analyzed in which the game becomes one of the main plot-forming, aesthetic or semantic components, through the comprehension of which the understanding of the meaning of the artistic work takes place. The game is interesting as an artistic device in the film industry, since it allows to include in the space of the film a lot of cinematographic techniques that allow diversifying and improving the language of the cinema.
Scenic arts
Polyakova A.S. - Postmodernist Rusalii: in search for constructive energy pp. 11-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.23027

Abstract: The subject of this research is the spectacle of Gennady Abramov (1939-2015) – the creator of experimental troupe “Class of Expressive Flexibility” in the theatre run by Anatoly Vasiliev “School of Dramatic Art”, which was formed together with the students of the faculty of contemporary dance of the Humanitarian University as a synthesis of the traditional archaic elements with the theme and language of contemporary dance. The object of this research is the compositions of contemporary art in interaction with the archaic forms of dance folklore. The work examines the so-called “Rusalii” due to the ability of attaining new images, as well as new vital powers in the art of dance. The spectacle at hand is analyzed from the perspective of correlation with the works of choreographers-modernists of the XX century. At the same time, the author notes the substantial differences between the oeuvres created in various cultural artistic periods. Scientific novelty consists in referring the spectacle of Gennady Abramov to the circle of yet insignificantly studied phenomena in contemporary dance that are suggested to mark as the “post-folk dance”. The specificity of the latter, on one hand, lies in the affiliation of (post)modern culture (post-culture) and associated with it ironic rethinking of the already existing themes, images, and meanings; and on the other – it is aimed at identification of the new meanings and values due to inclusion of the folklore elements into the fabrics of (post)modern composition. In Abramov’s works, the archaic folklore elements are subject to reframing and reflection, nevertheless endowing the composition with the energy and vitality.
Culture and cultures
Tsareva E.S. - The role of music education in distribution of the system of academic traditions and establishment of its regional version: in the context of "center-periphery" problem (on the example of Yeniseysk Governorate pp. 18-26

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.22962

Abstract: The subject of the research is the processes of conception and establishment of music education in Krasnoyarye over the period of existence of Yeniseysk Governorate (1822-1925), which were designed to ensure the preservation, translation, continuity, and reproduction of new to the Asian part of Russia European academic traditions. Special attention is given to the examination of the role of professional music education in “construction” and successful performance of the regional version of the system of academic art, and its adjustment to the provincial circumstances, using the example of Yeniseysk Governorate. The author particularly refers to the issues of cross-cultural interaction and spread of the single-type culture onto the large geographical areas, depicted in the works of D. S. Likhachev and Y. M. Lotman, comprehending the pages of the Krasnoyarsk music chronicle through the prism of their certain ideas. Analysis of the regional material from the sociocultural perspective, leads to new conclusions in the study of historical events. Consideration of the role of professional music educational institutions in development of the European traditions and establishment of the provincial academic in the context of the binomial "center-periphery" significantly expands the methodological base of historical regional studies and outlines the new relevant paths in understanding of the problems of regional culture.
Philosophy of culture
Demin I.V. - The problem of unity of history in the philosophical-culturological concepts of K. Jaspers and S. L. Frank pp. 27-40

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.19201

Abstract: This article examines and compares the philosophical-culturological concepts of Frank and Jaspers. Main attention is turned to the problem of unity of the world history and culture. The author determines the place of historiosophical problematic in the context of metaphysics of unitotality of Frank and existential philosophy of Jaspers. Rejecting the teleological way of structuring the meaning of world history, Frank does not doubt the very possibility of philosophical contemplation of the eternal and universal in culture (socio-historical existence) and the need for determination of the timeless aspects of social life. Jaspers, in turn, believes that the historical scope of the final human existence is always limited, and unity of mankind can be apprehended as just the postulate of philosophical faith. The unity of world history in the concepts of Frank and Jaspers cannot be cognized through the assignment to all nations and cultures of a single and universal fore them purpose. Both concepts consider history as a path to suprahistorical. History (culture) as a specific reality is possible due to the correlation of a human with suprahistorical. A man can create the history and exist within history, because experience the “dissatisfaction with history” and desire to go beyond its boundaries.
Sociology of culture, social culture
Mel'nikova N.A., Vasil'eva E.V. - The management of sociocultural projects in modern university pp. 41-48

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.22458

Abstract: The subject of this study is the sociocultural practices of a university and their impact upon the city's cultural agenda. The work examines the new functions of modern universities that are meant to support the development of cultural activities in various forms of sociocultural and experimental practices, which allow discovering the potential for self-realization and self-identification of the students and urban residents. The authors underline that in the educational institution young people acquire the essential sociocultural experience, which in future will significantly influence the formation of their system of values, as well as the further activity, including professional. The article summarizes and analyzes the experience of management of sociocultural projects in Omsk State Technical University, focusing on the experience of using folk culture in fashion projects. The research is based on the sociocultural approach: the study of institutional and non-institutional aspects of social life. Culture is viewed as the main prerequisite and condition for the development of institutions, while personality – as the prerequisite for formation of its non-institutional structures. The main results of the study include the following: sociocultural practices and projects of a university should be “addressed” to the regional and city community, since the universities in modern world have a great impact upon the development of city activities, and called to form the active communities and change cultural agenda. Organizing such topical sociocultural events requires referring to the existing content of world culture and actualization of the cultural codes, which defines their importance in development of the youth subcultures. Thus, the research is aimed at identification of the mechanisms of the effect of such changes upon the urban culture.
Culture of the body
Lestev A.E. - Aspects of medical knowledge in the system of education of the Japanese martial arts pp. 49-55

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.16549

Abstract: Among the preserved in the schools of martial arts heritage of Japanese warrior culture, the author highlights a particular system of medical knowledge that was applied for medical treatment or development of the more efficient method for elimination of enemies. Leaning on the Chinese medicine and knowledge of the medical plants, Japanese people complemented it with the unique practical knowledge acquired in the military field circumstances and during training in the area of martial arts. The results of this work contribute into the knowledge on the structure, development, and heritage of the warrior cultures and schools of Japanese martial arts, as well as the history of medicine overall. The schools of martial arts are presents as a complex cultural phenomenon that manifests as a multifunctional institution for upbringing of a feudal warrior.
Historical culturology and the history of culture
Brykina Yu.Ya. - Marital relationship in merchant family in the early works of A. N. Ostrovsky pp. 56-63

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.22564

Abstract:  The subject of this article is the marital relations of various generations in a merchant family described in the early compositions of A. N. Ostrovsky. In the literary world, Ostrovsky holds a role of the “daily life writer” of the merchant class. His contemporaries perceived the plays of the dramaturge not just as artistic oeuvres, but also “paintings of life”. Having responded to the emerged in society interest for the life of different social classes, Ostrovsky, being well familiarized with various aspects of merchant life, made it open for the wide audience. Dramaturge’s plays were considered as sketches from the daily life, and established a new stereotype in the perception of merchants. The goal of this work consists in determination of the level of authenticity in depicting one of the personal aspects of a merchant family – the marital relationship. The author examines the descriptions of the relationship between wife and husband in the early compositions of A. N. Ostrovsky (“The Young Man's Morning”, “Celebratory Sleep Is That Before Dinner”, “The Storm”, “Picture of a Family Happiness”, etc.), as well as the reminiscences of representatives of the merchant class of the mid-XIX century). The scientific novelty of this research consists in the use of dramaturgical compositions as a historical source alongside the attempt to reveal the nature of marital relationships of the older and younger generations of the merchants over the period of 1840’s – 1860’s. The work demonstrates that the pattern of family life of the merchants of older generation, described in the early works of Ostrovsky, was based on the traditional principle taking its roots from “Domostroy” – full authority of the head of family and servile obedience of the wife. Marital relations of the younger representatives of the merchants were more diverse. Memoirs of the representative of merchant class of this time are extremely poor in description of the relationship between husband and wife, which can be explained either by the desire to keep their life private, or in lack of vivid memories.  
Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation
Bleikh N.O. - Educational trends in the work of the founder of Ossetian literature Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov pp. 64-72

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.23080

Abstract: The subject of this article is the creative heritage of Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov. Based on the archival research and documentary materials examined his life and educational legacy. The author carefully examines the pedagogical beliefs of the thinker, who not being a pedagogue, made a significant contribution into the spiritual heritage of the Caucasian nations. Special attention is turned to his views on questions of national education in South Ossetia: the expansion of chain of schools, didactic principles of teaching, training of national personnel. Methodology if this work is presented by the philosophical terms of correlation between the social development and education regarding the historical and social consituation of pedagogical thought, as well as tole of personality in history. The conducted research demonstrated that Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov was a critic of the existing system of education and upbringing of the young citizens, offering his original view upon the structure of the new school. The conclusion is made that the idea of Kosta Khetagurov on the development of school learning are still relevant and have great practical value.
Culture of the mundane
Siyukhova A.M., Kubova A.A. - Dress code as an element of professional culture of a university professor pp. 73-81

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.17964

Abstract:  The subject of this article is the relation to dress code in professional career, which is viewed as a factor of establishment of the image of organization. Based on the analysis of scientific literature, the author determines the role and importance of dress code in the area of education, as well as defines the key aspects of dress code in interaction of an organization and a person: communicative, economic, legal, gender, and status differentiating. The article presents the opinion of the regional professors’ community regarding the possibility of implementation of such form of academic clothes as academic mantle. The methodology of this research contains the complex approach of examination of dress code as a factor of professional culture of a university professor. In accordance with the results of a survey of the professors’ community in reference to the mandatory wearing of academic mantle in the universities, the author believes that there is no need for implementation of the aforementioned form of academic clothes. The author also comes to a conclusion on the dual functionality of dress code that can increase or reduce the efficiency of work, due to which it should not be implemented as mandatory. 
Globalization, glocalization, mass culture
Antipov D.A., Kostylev I.O. - Museum souvenir: the evolution of museum pp. 82-91

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.17712

Abstract: The object of this research is the modern culture in globalized world. The subjects is the museum souvenir as an example for the analysis of processes that take place in museum industry, which in turn, is a part of the institutional culture. The goal of this work consists in determination of the key reasons that lead to the changes in museum industry. The set goal is realized through the analysis of the phenomenon of museum souvenir in museum practice. The authors examine the causes of evolution of the modern museum, as well as analyze the transformations in museum practice, and their correlation with the phenomenon of museum souvenir. The conclusion is made that in the second half of the XX century, human civilization entered the urban era. The development of industrial cities has changed the structure of social relations; an individual with the desire for maximal comfort has come to the fore. Achievement of comfort implies the consumption of goods and services, as well as longing and ability to own. A man of consumer society wants to have everything that surrounds him, including culture. Culture transforms into a form of entertainment, becomes popular, understandable, and available. The latter is supported by the development of tourism industry. A tourist, getting in touch with diverse culture around the world, expects it to be comprehensible and entertaining. For “interpreting” the local culture onto the language of mass consumption, have been created the “museums for tourists”, where a person can feel comfortable. The new museums do not require from the visitors the efforts for cognizing the “historical memory of culture”, but rather present the “images” of culture that fit in the global and generally accepted categories. Museum turns into a “souvenir shop”, recreation center, and thus, integrates into the system of global marker. In the process of such integration, special place belongs to a museum souvenir, which allows the museum succeeding as a trademark, adjusting the cultural code to public, and making profit. Such processes testify to the changes in basic function of a museum: it no longer need to accumulate the objects of historical memory, but rather create the “images” of culture.
Scenic arts
Smirnova E.A. - V. S. Petrov’s spectacles in A. V. Lunacharsky Sevastopol Academic Russian Drama Theater pp. 92-104

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2017.2.18723

Abstract: The subject of this research is the poetic style of V. S. Petrov’s spectacles created over the period of 1985-1989 in A. V. Lunacharsky Sevastopol Academic Russian Drama Theater, among which are M. Bulgakov’s “Heart of a Dog”, M. Frayn’s “Theatre”, I. Friedberg’s “Arena”, and others. The author analyzes the main peculiarities of artistic manner of the director: creation of playful atmosphere and romantic world duality, multilayerdness, irony, etc. The article examines the role of scenography, plasticity, music, and other components of the dramatic action. The work is based on the use of comparative-historical method, author’s personal spectator experience, and analysis of the print media dedicated to the spectacle. The author is first to study the creative work of V. S. Petrov; his directorial manner can be illustrative for determination of the regularities common to the regional theatrical life, as well as restore the pages in the history of Russian theatre that fell out of the context of research activity. Over the brief period of his professional work, Petrov was able to help the theatre overcome the protracted crises and achieve wide popularity.
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