Architecture and design - rubric Urban reconstruction
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Rubric "Urban reconstruction"
Urban reconstruction
Gushchin A.N., Divakova M.N. - Restoration of identity of the Ural industrial city through architectural and landscape reconstruction pp. 23-34


Abstract: The article considers the problem of restoring the urban identity of a typical Ural city. In a historical context, typicality is understood as a commonality of origin. Currently, the Ural cities are in urgent pursuit of their own identity, which in the author sees as a reflexive social need of belonging to a place. It is reasonable to consider that the urban landscape plays an important role in the formation of identity. The article gives examples of the formation of social identity based on cultural landscape of the city. It is established that the industrial heritage of the Ural industrial city manifests as the grounds for the formation of its identity. Architectural and landscape reconstruction serves as the key method for the formation of identity. The author gives recommendations pertaining to implementation of such reconstruction. The main conclusion consists in the statement that a typical way of formation of identity of the Ural industrial city is the architectural and landscape reconstruction of its central area, which includes the following objects: city pond, dam, plant facilities and temple on the premises, house of the mining engineer. Namely the architectural and landscape reconstruction of this industrial heritage allows restoring the urban identity.
Vasileva A. - The experience of converting former industrial sites to housing facilities pp. 29-35


Abstract: The subject of this research is the process of converting former industrial sites to residential facilities. The object is the housing stock of Moscow. The author explores the theoretical aspects of reproduction of housing stock, giving special attention to conversion of the category of industrial buildings to residential category, which expands the quantitative characteristics of the housing stock. Analysis is conducted on the statistical data of conversion of industrial sites to residential facilities, as well as the available examples of redevelopment of the industrial sites. The conclusion is made that the housing stock is an interlink between many life spheres and the development of its characteristics is required on a permanent basis, which in essence is the reproduction of housing stock through reconstruction, modernization or total building renovation. The implementation of such method as conversion of former industrial sited into residential facilities would contribute to the expansion of the real estate market and increase in the number of residential units, minimizing many issues in the housing stock. The author proves the feasibility of solving issues in the housing stock of the city through conversion of former industrial sites to housing facilities. The novelty of this research lies in the fact that many authors view such method as the solution of disused former industrial buildings, rather than from the perspective of minimization of issues in the housing stock.
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