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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Rubric "Philosophy of architecture"
Philosophy of architecture
Spektor D.M. - Notes on space pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.3.25180

Abstract: The subject of this research is space in the new meaning acquired in the late XX century, gradually substituting the exclusively occupying philosophy “time”. This process is far from being completed, as this research makes no pretense on the finality of conclusions, first and foremost charting the new approached to understanding, leaning on the philosophy of space, history of its creation, particular organoleptics, bodily allusions and initial differentiation, to which are referred the specificities of the sacred and the secular. Method of research is based on analysis and reconstruction of the concepts of “space”, tracing of its archaic origins and logics of its establishment, which besides the acquisition of depth, juxtaposing the previous dimensions of the “sublime” and “earth” with differentiations of the “capital” and virtual. The scientific novelty lies in revelation of genesis of the spatial categories, particularly the criticism of fairly influential representations concerning the “externalization” and “alienation” of space. Reference to the actual history demonstrate that space begins from the “alienation” of human “essence” from a separate individual-body, its subordination to the logics of the universal being. As the latter releases from metaphysical allusion, it must be considered in own completion, such mechanism that appear on one hand as spatial (combination of the appointed places: temple, palace, square, city), and on the other – space of the machines and mechanisms of modernity and compatibility of the action.
Ivanova A.S. - The phenomenon of virtual reality in architectural environment pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2018.1.27749

Abstract: The subject of this research is the phenomenon of "virtual reality" in architectural environment. The article provides an overview of the emergence of idea of "virtual reality" in science and architecture. The trends of metaphoric definition of the term in various field of humanitarian knowledge are examined. Special attention is given to the theoretical questions of the phenomenon, history of its origin, and consideration of ontological approaches. The author determines the role and correlation of the visual illusions with virtual reality, when the significance of illusory effects comes to the forefront of manifestation of the phenomenon in architecture. Methodology of this study lies in the gradual examination of the questions related to the analysis of historical materials, emergence of the idea of virtual reality, issues of visual perception of the architectural environment and illusory architectural spaces. The main conclusion consists in peculiar understanding of the phenomenon of “virtual reality” in architecture. The author gives definition from the perspective of the theory of architecture; identifies the types of phenomena of illusory nature; as well as substantiates the significance of illusory effects in the context of formation of virtual reality of the architectural environment that can be valuable in theory and practice.
Kirichkov I. - The peculiarities of intuitive cognition in architecture pp. 12-22

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2017.2.24128

Abstract: Architecture remains an insufficiently studied area of human activity, which transformations at times exceed the customary logics. It is assumed that intuitive cognition is capable of propelling the architecture to new heights, but also determine the new vector of human development. The importance of intuitive cognition rapidly increases on the background of the dynamically changing world. This article examines the development trends of contemporary architecture, semantics, relationship with science, limits of application, connection with the unconscious, as well as the means of evolution of the intuitive cognition. The method of this research lies in analysis of the techniques of architectural morphogenesis. Relevance of the topic is defined primarily by the insufficient attention of researchers to the problems of intuitive cognition from the perspective of architecture. Intuition in architectural composition manifests if an architect deviates from the established standards, violates the generally accepted laws, acts contrary to the public opinion, aspires to create something new. Intuitive cognition as the key morphogenic factor can be applies in development of the space-planning solutions of buildings, interior design, establishment of urban environment, beautification of territory, creation of new concept, etc.
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