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International relations
Reference:

The Use of 'Soft Power' Technologies Against the Change in Political Regimes During the Arab Spring (the Case Study of the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia)

Naumov Alexander

PhD in History

Associate Professor at Moscow State University, Department of International Organizations and Problems of Global Governance

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, Lomonosovskii pr., 27/4, of. A817

anaoumov@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0641.2019.1.23575

Review date:

13-07-2017


Publish date:

22-03-2019


Abstract: The object of the research article is the Jasmine Revolution that took place in Tunisia in December 2010 - January 2011. The subject of the research is the soft power technologies that were used to oust the president Ben Ali. The author of the article analyzes such aspects of the topic as the reasons and prerequisites for the Arab spring in general and the take-over in Tunisia in particular, the cours of the Jasmine Revolution and its consequences for that North African country. The author focuses on the use of the soft power technologies, especially digital technologies, during the Jasmine Revolution as well as the role of Western states, primarily USA. The methodological basis of the research involves the systems, structured functional, comparative legal approaches, historicism, analysis, synthesis, induction, deducation and observation. The author concludes that belonging to the second wave of the Color revolutions, the Jasmine Revolution did not give any benefit to the Tunisian nation. Islamic organisations that came to power as a result of the national discontent in Ben Ali's policy could not manage the country well but only exacerbated the issues that Tunisia had. Instead of true democracy and improvements in social and economic environment, the country faced more problems and challenges. According to the author, the USA was not directly related to the rebellion in Tunisia. However, the Jasmine Revolution was morally supported by the overseas and Western 'soft power' technologies, primarily digital resources (social networks, microblogs, opposition sites) played the key role in the process. On the other side, the White house hoped to reach a conerete geopolitical goal which was the total reformation of the geopolitical structure of the Greater Middle East. Yet, the actual results of the Arab spring in general and Jasmine Revolution in particular differed a lot from what Washington wanted to see. 


Keywords: international conflicts, geopolitics, USA, Ben Ali, Tunisia, soft power, Color revolutions, Jasmine revolution, Arab spring, sovereignty
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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