Urban Studies - rubric City and mass culture
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Urban Studies" > Rubric "City and mass culture"
City and mass culture
Siiukhova A. - Embodiment of the cosmos archetype in public architectural spaces of the modern suburban towns pp. 1-8


Abstract: The subject of this research is the reflection of an image of cosmic infinity in the urban interiors designated for public leisure and perception of art in the provincial towns: theatre, philharmonic, movie theatre, shopping mall. The article presents the dynamics of changes in the attitude towards the building as a model of Cosmos, beginning from the era of ancient civilizations and until present times. The public architecture of small cities is being analyzed within the time frame of the early XX century until today. Special attention is given to the examination of the décor of the roofs and ceilings, which spatially and conceptually most vividly reflect the idea of the sky and cosmos. Scientific novelty consists in the introduction into the scientific discourse of the empirical data about the artistic-aesthetic properties of the historical and cultural importance of the public buildings in the provincial regions of Russia on the example of Maykop, Ryazan, and Penza. The article justifies the possibility of the cyclic returns to the stylistics of classical canon in architecture due to the search of the lost in the postmodern era perception of the stability of being.
Bozhok N.S. - Cultural identity of urban communities of the historical reenactors pp. 18-27


Abstract: The object of this research is the cultural identity of urban communities of the historical reenactors. The subject of the author’s scientific interest is the mechanisms and practices substantiating the specificity of positive cultural identity of the communities, united within the framework of the historical reenactment movement. The article examines the dominant trends in the development of modern reenactment movement: trend towards the fragmentation of movement and complication of the structure of collective identity, and intention towards unity. Special attention is given to the identification of mechanisms that allow retaining and maintaining balance between the processes of differentiation and integration of reenactment movement. Methodologically, the author’s understanding of the specificity of collective identity of the historical reenactors is based on the theoretical ideas of H. Blumer, N. Smelser and P. Sztompka, as well as the theory of new social movements that focus attention on their sociocultural dimension. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that this article is first to comprehensively analyze cultural components of the collective identity of the historical reenactment movement; as well as determine its structural components, mechanism and characteristic attributes. It is substantiated that under the influence of the modern global trends, cultural identity of reenactors along with the basic components attaints the new ones that contribute to the expansion of cultural-historical mobility and cohesion of reenactment movement.
Eremenko I.A. - Status of the World Heritage City Ч a Ђkiss of deathї or resource in a conflict of interest? The case of Stralsund and Wismar pp. 28-36


Abstract: This article examines the transformation of urban space associated with the status of the World Heritage City, as well as the conflicts arising in this regard. The author faces a question whether the status of the World Heritage City does not allow any changes or they are possible, and the status is the resource in a conflict of interests. The two German cities Stralsund and Wismar with shared status of the World Heritage City were selected as the cases for this work. The research material contains the collected by the author expert interviews with the municipal administration, local activists, employees of the museums and tourist centers, and representatives of the local business. The article also analyzes the material from the two groups on Facebook belonging to the municipal government and the Green Party of Stralsund. The study demonstrates that the status of the World Heritage City imparts strict limitations upon the transformations of the urban space, but does not make their implementation completely impossible. There are times when different actors, such as municipal administration, use the status in diverse ways, depending on their interests.
Antonova A.A. - Classification of public space in modern urban culture pp. 74-80


Abstract: The subject of this research is the detection of new forms of the urban public spaces that play a role of self-determination and identification for a modern city dweller. The article attempt to classify the aforementioned norms. For realization of this goal, the author defined the fundamental elements of social sphere, the presence of which encourages the emergence and development of the public urban spaces. The work reviews the contemporary concepts of examination of the urban space from the perspective of globalization processes, “fluidity” and “mobility” of the modern world and society. Relevance of this research lies in the ability to conceptualize the processing taking place in modern urban space. In order to explain the transformations of urban public spaces, the author synthesizes the classical concepts of publicity, methodology of “mobile sociology”, and theory of the “third place” that resulted in a comprehensive study of the object. The suggested methodological scheme can be applied in analyzing the public spaces of any city. The article is first to discuss the establishment of new urban culture in the context of spatial transformations.
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