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Urban Studies
Reference:

Urban development image of the Soviet Siberia: several pages in retrospective of the forced forms of exploitation of the territory

Slabukha Aleksandr Vasil'evich

PhD in Architecture

Professor, the department of Architectural Engineering, Siberian Federal University

660049, Russia, Krasnoyarskii krai, g. Krasnoyarsk, prosp. Svobodnyi, 79

slabuha@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2016.3.19814

Review date:

06-08-2020


Publish date:

03-10-2016


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the ideas about the assimilated territories of Siberia as the result of the forced forms and methods of the urban development reclamation of the territories, relocation and management of the workforce potential. The goal of this article consists in confirmation of the methods of assimilation of Siberia in the first half of the XX century as the continuation of tradition established by the end of the XIX century. The article reviews and describes the methods of relocation of population to Siberia for ensuring the industrial and city-planning development of its territories in the early XX century. The attention is focused on one of the methods formulated in different periods by the renowned researchers of Siberia N. M. Yadrintsev (1842-1894), P. N. Butsinsky (1854-1916), and V. P. Kosovanov (1872-1938) – the method of government forced colonization of Siberian territory. It is demonstrated that the necessity of the territorial exploitation of Siberia in the Soviet period, as one of the geopolitical and economic goals of the Soviet state, predetermined the tasks regarding the various methods of attraction of people to the sparsely populated territories. The history of urban development exploitation of Siberia in the first half of the XX century to a significant extent confirms the established ideas about the forced methods in implementation of the Siberian city planning. The conclusion is made about the succession of methods from the previous centuries pertaining to the government-forced colonization of the Siberian territories in the early XX century. It is noted that the studied methods complement the general picture of multiplicity of the forms of full-scale urban development activity in Siberia in the XX century, which contributed significant innovations into the global theory and practice of exploitation of the remote territories with the extreme nature-climatic conditions. This material represents the researchers’ interest for better understanding of the prerequisites for the modern urban development in Siberia.

Keywords: colonization of Siberia, exploitation of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Gulag in Siberia, special settlers in Siberia, forced resettlement, N. M. Yadrintsev , P. N. Butsinsky , V. P. Kosovanov, urban development of Siberia, city planning of the XX century
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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