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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Agriculture" > Rubric "Economy of agriculture"
Economy of agriculture
Antonova D., Kozlov D. - Government support for the agricultural sector in terms of Russias WTO membership
pp. 1-6


Abstract: The research subject is Russia’s fulfilment of international obligations aimed at the restriction of government support for the agricultural sector in terms of WTO membership. According to the WTO Agreement on Agriculture, government support is divided into four types: the “amber” , the “green”, the “blue” and the “red” boxes. The main WTO’s principle in respect of these boxes holds that support measures should least of all distort trade and production. The research methodology is based on the statutory documents of Russia and the WTO and the general theory of micro- and macroeconomics. The scientific novelty of the study consists in legal and economical analysis of Russia’s fulfilment of obligations aimed at the reduction of government support for the agricultural sector. The results of the research help define the current problems and develop appropriate solutions. Particularly, the conclusions of the research help guarantee national food security, develop agricultural territories and raise profitability of the sector in whole.
Rozanova L.I. - Agricultural credit cooperation in the northern region near the state border: from formation to liquidation pp. 1-10


Abstract: The research subject is the process of formation and liquidation of the agricultural credit cooperation institution in the northern region near the state border. The topicality of this problem is determined by the difference between goal-setting and the goal achievement function in the formation of the institutional environment for effective functioning of cooperative crediting system in rural settlements of the distant northern region. The author considers the problems of development of agricultural credit cooperation, analyzes the mechanisms of government regulation and the reasons of institutional failures. Special attention is given to the issues of cooperatives’ relations with public structures coordinating their activities. The research methodology is based on the dialectical and materialistic approach, which explains the dialectical transformation of the process under study in its real development and improvement in time, and termination under the negative impact of the elements of the close environment of the institution of self-organization. The author explains the necessity to develop agricultural credit consumer cooperation as an institution, meeting the real socio-economic, territorial and geographical, and demographical conditions of the region, and the national interests. The author formulates the proposals about the transformation of the institutional environment for the development of rural cooperatives on the legislative level. 
Nikolaichuk O.A. - Agricultural sector of Russias economy: to be or not to be? pp. 1-10


Abstract: The research subject is the agricultural policy of the Soviet Union, Russia and foreign countries. The purpose of the research is to develop recommendations for the resolution of the crisis of the agricultural sphere of the economy. The research object is the types, methods and directions of agricultural policy in different periods of Soviet and contemporary Russia. The author elaborates on the peculiarities, drawbacks and mistakes of the agricultural policy of the state. Special attention is given to reindustrialization of the agricultural sphere. The author uses the method of moving from abstract to concrete and the system approach to analyze the types of agricultural policy of Russian for several years, reveals its shortcomings and mistakes and their impact on the agricultural sector of the economy. It helps formulate the solution to the current system crisis of the sector. The author reveals the reasons of distinguishing the agrarian sector as an independent direction, proves the impropriety of the chosen agricultural policy and offers the ways to improve the situation in the sector by means of reindustrialization. The results of the research can be used for the development of the directions of practical improvement of the agricultural policy of contemporary Russia and for teaching. A scientific novel as the analysis of the experience of the so-called mobilization policy and the policy of gentle regulation in the past of Russia and foreign countries. A practical novel is the analysis of the negative role of import of cheap and low-quality products and the urgent need for reindustrialization of the agricultural sphere. 
Solomennikov A.E., Sigaev S.I. - The influence of the external environment uncertainty factors and the technological characteristics of sausage manufacture on the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry in Russia pp. 1-14


Abstract: The purpose of the article is to analyze the influence of the external and internal factors on the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry in Russia, to establish their role, importance and the consequences of impact.  The authors describe such external environment uncertainty factors affecting the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry as the macroeconomic development - the crops cultivation as a food reserve for animal breeding, price fluctuation, including those for raw materials and food reserves for meat processing, meat market competition. Using the methods of logical, comparative and economic and statistical analysis, the authors study such an internal environment factor as the characteristics of sausage manufacture. The authors consider the formulation of the cooked sausage “Doktorskaya”, and analyze the food additives according to the state standards.  The authors conclude that the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry in Russia is based, on the one hand, on risk and uncertainty levelling which is possible under the condition of the appropriate taking account of the external environment factors and the effective evaluation criteria, and on the other hand - on the technological characteristics of sausage manufacture involving the improvement of the formulation and wide use of food additives.  
Samygin D.Y., Keleinikova S.V., Bulycheva Y.V. - Strategic horizons of regional agricultural economics development pp. 11-21


Abstract: The research subject is the strategy of agriculture development, which, on the one hand, has shown the new stage of development of regional agricultural economics, and on the other hand, hasn’t been methodologically substantiated in the fundamental aspects of planning. The problems of strategical goal-setting and formation of the documents for the development of the agricultural sector, their harmonization with resource base and mutual harmonization, haven’t been solved yet. The research is based on the elements of strategic analysis of effectiveness of state development programs for the sectors of economics, the methods of monographic examination and structural analysis of strategic development documents, comparative analysis of methodological and instrumental bases of prognostication support. The authors generalize and define the strategic horizons of agricultural sector, analyze the target values of regional agriculture development, reveal the problems of their methodological substantiation. The research results prove the necessity to modernize the instruments of agricultural economics strategic planning with account for its priority importance. The acquired results can help highlight the key points in the formation and implementation of the regional agriculture development at the present stage. 
Shed'ko Y.N. - Sustainable use of land in the interests of counternarcotics pp. 11-17


Abstract: The research subject is sustainable use of land in the Russian Federation. The author enumerates the components of sustainable use of land and analyzes use of land in the Russian Federation in the interests of counternarcotics. The author finds out that the narco-situation is affected by the availability of plant materials for drugs production, particularly, wild hemp. The author notes that the increase of wild cannabis distribution area is caused by the mistakes of use of land, primarily, non-exploitation of farmland. The author shows that most registered offences are caused by the breach of the established requirements and compulsory measures for land improvement and protection. The research methods include the monographic method, descriptive analysis, analysis and synthesis, moving from abstract to concrete, the logical method and statistical analysis. The author concludes that defining the essence of sustainable use of land can help solve the problems of environmental degradation, the improvement of the ecological condition of land. Sustainable use of land is an important factor affecting drug addiction as a socially and criminally dangerous phenomenon, which has become a global threat. The narco-situation is affected by the availability of raw materials for drug production, therefore, in order to reduce drug supply, it is necessary to increase the area of the used land. 
Baryshnikov N.G., Samygin D.Y., Divnenko Z.A. - Search for a new model of strategic development of the agroindustrial sector pp. 19-26


Abstract: A crucially new socioeconomic situation which does not fit the framework of the current national agrarian policy has establishes in Russia’s agricultural sphere. Under the conditions of the external economic challenges and restrictions, the questions of the food independence of the country became more critical, and the problems of its provision remained unresolved. This causes the need for drastic reforms in the approaches towards the establishment and implementation of the agroinsdustrial policy, as well as requires radical renovations of the instrumental base of planning and forecasting of the strategic development of agricultural economics and the search for a new model of functioning of the agroindustrial sector. The subject of this research became the modern agroindustrial policy of the region. Generalizing the modern norms of legislative field, it is demonstrated that the efficient vector of reformations in agricultural policy within the framework of strategic planning becomes the project management, which can bring the quality changes into the agroindustrial sphere. At the same time, the authors substantiate that it is necessary to set course for the formation and realization of the projects in each region based on the climate specificities, agricultural potential, and competitive advantages of the manufacturers.
Kolesnikova T., Naumova T., Smolennikova L. - Labor productivity as a factor of sustainable development of agricultural enterprises pp. 36-49


Abstract: In modern conditions of industrial and economic activity, the problem of labor productivity research and identification of reserves for its growth is acute. Labor productivity analysis allows you to assess the degree of labor organization, detect problems and develop methods to eliminate them. The purpose of the work is to study the indicators of labor productivity assessment and develop measures to improve the labor efficiency of employees of an agricultural organization. Recently, for the successful conduct of the production and economic activities of the enterprise, the issue of the working time spent on performing a certain type of work and the possible loss of profit from its irrational use is acute. It is proposed to eliminate the identified problems by introducing into the production cycle an automatic solution unit of the RIA NWR for the preparation of ready-made working solutions of mineral fertilizers and plant protection products. The introduction of this mortar unit will reduce the costs of production processes that cause the loss of part of the profit due to the irrational use of working time. The practical significance of the study is due to the fact that theoretical and practical recommendations can be used by specialists of agricultural organizations in order to increase the efficiency of the use of labor resources.
Chupina I.P., Simachkova N.N. - Digital agriculture as a basis of agriculture-based economy in the modern world pp. 43-48


Abstract: Agriculture solves the general tasks of its functioning, which are more focused on the implementation of three areas of activity, which include guaranteed food security in terms of the production of high-quality agricultural products, raw materials and food produced by domestic agricultural producers in volumes corresponding to medical indicators. It is also a decrease in the volume of import substitution of seeds in crop production and breeding material in animal husbandry and poultry farming, as well as imported equipment for the organization of food and processing products, veterinary drugs and other important needs for the agro-industrial complex. And the third direction includes the sustainable development of exports of agricultural and agro-industrial products to the global agri-food market. These tasks cannot be successfully solved in the conditions of using the existing outdated agricultural technologies, machinery and equipment. In order to improve these functions of agriculture, the digital platform "Digital Agriculture" was developed, which is an information database of a fairly large size about the resources of the agro-industrial complex. Digitalization, creating conditions for the development of "smart agriculture", affects the progress in agricultural relations. With the help of new technologies, the work of farmers will gradually move from manual, which requires great physical effort, to automated. With the help of drones and other drones, it will be possible to determine the structure of soils for planting certain crops.
Koptelova T.I. - The Organic Methodology of Sustainable Development of Rural Territories (Based on the Example of the Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy) pp. 83-94


Abstract: This research article is devoted to sustainable development of rural territories based on the example of the Nizhny Novgorod state agricultural academy with application of organic methodology. The possibilities of agrarian higher education institutions which are capable to offer the integrated approach which is harmoniously combining the theory and practice, synthesis of natural-science and humanitarian knowledge in the solution of problems of sustainable development of rural territories are considered. Experience of the Nizhny Novgorod state agricultural academy in implementation of the latest projects directed to preservation of the population of rural territories and involvement of youth in agrarian and industrial complex of Russia is analyzed. The question of preservation and development of complex knowledge of the organization of agricultural activity in the local territory is considered. In this connection formation of "traditional and innovative" model of agriculture of future Russia combining the latest technologies with centuries-old traditions of the organization of economic life of rural territories is offered. To analyze the sustainable development of rural territories, the author uses the methods from organic philosophy as well as typlogical and comparative analysis, synthesis and historico-philosophical reconstruction. The method of historico-philosophical reconstruction allows to view sustainable development from the point of view of the background of problem and various interpretations of it. The comparative analysis allows to compare different intellectual traditions and philosophical paradigms used in the analysis of sustainable development of rural territories (transnational and ethnic economic models). The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author applies the organic philosophy methodology to ensuring sustainble development of Russia's rurl territories (based on the example of the Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy). The organic philosophy paradigm brings forth the need in creative adaptation for robust econmic activity. Creativity brings spontaneity and plasticity into economy that contributes to sustainble development of all spheres of social life. Sustainable development of rural territories is an integral phenomenon which interpretation requires a complex approach that would take into account the singularity of ethnic economic models. 
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