—тать€ 'ѕоказатели плодов и размножение фундука 'јкадемик яблоков'' - журнал '—ельское хоз€йство' - NotaBene.ru
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Agriculture
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Fruit indicators and reproduction of hazelnut 'Academic Yablokov'

Mukhametova Svetlana Valer'evna

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7892-6450

PhD in Agriculture

Associate Professor at the Department of Garden and Park Design, Botanics and Dendrology of Volga State University of Technology
 

424000, Russia, Mari El Republic , Yoshkar-Ola, Lenin Square, 3, aud. 245

MuhametovaSV@volgatech.net
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 
Pavlova Elena Nikolaevna

Assistant at the Woody Plants Introduction and Acclimatization Laboratory of the Botanical Institute-Garden of Volga State University of Technology

424030, Russia, respublika Marii El, g. Ioshkar-Ola, ul. Mira, 2 "B"

PavlovaEN@volgatech.net
Nekhoroshkova Elena Veniaminovna

Master's Student at the Department of Garden and Park Design, Botanics and Dendrology of Volga State University of Technology
 

Mari El Republic, Yoshkar-Ola, Lenin Square, 3

elena.nehor@gmail.com
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8809.2021.3.36844

Review date:

11-11-2021


Publish date:

31-12-2021


Abstract: Hazelnuts have an important nutritional value. Breeders have bred a number of varieties capable of forming high yields in the conditions of the Central part of Russia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the fruit indicators and the reproduction potential of hazelnut variety 'Academic Yablokov' in the Mari El Republic. The advantage of this variety is large fruits and purple leaf color. The studies were conducted in 2020 and 2021 in the Botanical Garden-Institute of Volga State University of Technology (Yoshkar-Ola). The study showed that nuts have the mass of 2.0-2.4 g, the length and diameter of 2.4-2.6 and 1.4–1.6 cm, respectively. In the abnormally hot and dry conditions of 2021, the variety fruits were lighter and smaller compared to the excessively humid conditions of 2020. But the seed quality remained relatively high in both years of the study (82-84%). Sowing nuts using peat and sand as substrates revealed different soil germination of seeds in the experimental variants. The smallest number of seedlings was obtained in the peat variant (26%). The highest germination rate was established in the control variant (43%), but in the future the seedlings turned out to be in less favorable conditions for growth – by autumn they had the smallest height, diameter of the root neck, and number of lateral shoots. The seedlings in the variant with sand had the greatest height and length of the root system.


Keywords: seed propagation, seed quality, fruit size, nut weight, fruit quality, hazel, Corylus, seedlings, seed germination, meteorological conditions
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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