Статья 'А. В. Чаянов о развитии фермерства в России ' - журнал 'Сельское хозяйство' - NotaBene.ru
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Chupina Irina Pavlovna

Doctor of Economics

Professor at the Department of Management and Economics of the Ural State Agrarian University

620075, Russia, g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Turgeneva, 23

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Zarubina Elena Vasil'evna

PhD in Philosophy

Associate Professor at the Department of Management and Economics of the Ural State Agrarian University

620075, Russia, g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Turgeneva, 23




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Abstract: The article considers the model of development of agricultural enterprises in Russia, proposed by the outstanding agricultural economist A.V. Chayanov. The authors demonstrate the relevance of A.V. Chayanov's ideas for solving modern problems of import substitution and ensuring food security facing domestic agriculture. It is argued that today the socio-economic model of agricultural enterprises in Russia, developed by A.V. Chayanov in the 1920s-1930s, is still extremely relevant and in demand. According to Chayanov, the core of such the model is a family labor-based peasant farm. The authors claim that A.V. Chayanov used a large factual material to prove that the way to increase the efficiency and innovative development of agriculture in Russia lies through the increase and strengthening of farms, their support at the government level, as well as their association into production and consumer cooperatives. A.V. Chayanov strongly opposed the nationalization of agricultural cooperatives, he warned that the state could not directly manage agricultural production. The state can and should create favorable conditions for the development of family labor-based peasant farms and agricultural cooperatives: improve the regulatory framework for agricultural activities, create social infrastructure in rural areas, regulate the taxation of peasant farms and agricultural cooperatives, regulate social and labor relations in agricultural production, implement targeted subsidies in lean years or in the event of emergency circumstances.

Keywords: peasant economy, farming, organizational legal form, agro-industrial complex, agricultural enerprise, food security, Chayanov, agriculture, cooperative, family economy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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