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Digital agriculture as a basis of agriculture-based economy in the modern world

Chupina Irina Pavlovna

Doctor of Economics

Professor at the Department of Management and Economics of the Ural State Agrarian University

620075, Russia, g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Turgeneva, 23

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Simachkova Natal'ya Nikolaevna

PhD in History

Associate Professor at the Department of Management and Economics of the Ural State Agrarian University

620075, Russia, g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Turgeneva, 23

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Abstract: Agriculture solves the general tasks of its functioning, which are more focused on the implementation of three areas of activity, which include guaranteed food security in terms of the production of high-quality agricultural products, raw materials and food produced by domestic agricultural producers in volumes corresponding to medical indicators. It is also a decrease in the volume of import substitution of seeds in crop production and breeding material in animal husbandry and poultry farming, as well as imported equipment for the organization of food and processing products, veterinary drugs and other important needs for the agro-industrial complex. And the third direction includes the sustainable development of exports of agricultural and agro-industrial products to the global agri-food market. These tasks cannot be successfully solved in the conditions of using the existing outdated agricultural technologies, machinery and equipment. In order to improve these functions of agriculture, the digital platform "Digital Agriculture" was developed, which is an information database of a fairly large size about the resources of the agro-industrial complex. Digitalization, creating conditions for the development of "smart agriculture", affects the progress in agricultural relations. With the help of new technologies, the work of farmers will gradually move from manual, which requires great physical effort, to automated. With the help of drones and other drones, it will be possible to determine the structure of soils for planting certain crops.

Keywords: intellectualization of economic activities, domestic producers, food security, human capital, educational innovation, digitalization, agricultural production, agriculture, public administration, agricultural economics
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Rasporyazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 28.07.2017 № 1632-r «Ob utverzhdenii programmy «Tsifrovaya ekonomika Rossiiskoi Federatsii». Konsul'tantPlyus, contact@consultant.ru
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