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Agriculture
Reference:

Seasonal development of European maples in the Republic of Mari El

Mukhametova Svetlana Valer'evna

PhD in Agriculture

Associate Professor at the Department of Garden and Park Design, Botanics and Dendrology of Volga State University of Technology

424000, Russia, respublika Marii El, g. Ioshkar-Ola, pl. Lenina, 3, aud. 245

MuhametovaSV@volgatech.net
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Novgorodskaya Natalya Olegovna

Mgr. at the Department of Landscaping and Park Management, Botanics and Dendrology of the Volga Region State University of Technology

424000, Russia, respublika Marii El, g. Ioshkar-Ola, pl. Lenina, 3

natalienovgorodskay@yandex.ru
Anisimova Svetlana Viktorovna

Mgr. at the Department of Landscaping and Park Management, Botanics and Dendrology of the Volga Region State University of Technology

424000, Russia, respublika Marii El, g. Ioshkar-Ola, pl. Lenina, 3

sveta-barbi.22@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8809.2020.2.33821

Review date:

03-09-2020


Publish date:

10-09-2020


Abstract: The article contains the results of observations over 5 maple (Acer L.) species conducted in 2014 - 2018. The research objects are the plants growing in the Botanic garden of the Volga region State University of Technology: A. campestre, A. platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, A. tataricum, A. trautvetteri. Their natural habitats are in the Caucasian-European region. In the wild, only A. platanoides grow on the territory of the Republic, others are introduced species. The authors analyze weather conditions over 5 years of research and establish that at higher average daily temperatures in 2016, the seasonal development stages came earlier, while colder weather conditions of 2017 hampered the phenophase. On average, the maples under study started vegetation in the first decade of May, and finished it in the third decade of September - mid October. The earlier vegetation started, the earlier sprouts started growing and flowering began. The easiest flowering was registered for A. platanoides in the second decade of May, then for A. campestre in the third decade of May. The latest and the longest flowering was registered for A. tataricum. Long-vegetating species were characterized by long growing of sprouts and late fall of leaves. In the autumn period, A. campestre and A. tataricum are the fanciest with a long period of leaves coloring.  A. pseudoplatanus and A. trautvetteri don’t have a phase of generative development due to poor winter resistance, and are not recommended for use in landscaping. 
 


Keywords: fruit ripening, flowering, vegetation period, seasonal development, phenological observations, Acer, maple, shoot growth, meteorological conditions, botanical garden
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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