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Agriculture
Reference:

Agricultural production of genetically modified products as a means of ensuring food security: European experience in legal regulation

Rednikova Tatiana Vladimirovna

PhD in Law

Senior Scientific Associate, the sector of Environmental, Land an Agrarian Law, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119019, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Znamenka, 10

trednikova@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33298

Review date:

23-06-2020


Publish date:

30-06-2020


Abstract: The article deals with the issues of legal regulation of the use of genetically modified organisms in the process of agricultural production in the European Union.The solution to the problems of agricultural production intensification is primarily possible through the use of new modern intensive technologies of crop production, animal husbandry and fisheries, which are also developed on the basis of the latest achievements of the biotechnological industry. One of the directions of intensification of agricultural production is the use of genetically modified crops, which allows increasing the profitability of growing plants, ensuring their increased resistance to negative climatic conditions, pathogens of infectious diseases, etc. The possibility of using such technologies is related to the need to assess their potential risk to the environment and human health.For almost 20 years, the European Union has had a fairly developed system of regulations governing various aspects of the use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture. However, their commercial use in the European Union for various reasons (complexity of administration, negative attitude in society, etc.) has not become widespread over time, and in most member States has now been banned. Taking into account the European experience, the author concludes that it is necessary to use other methods to intensify agricultural production, and the ban on the commercial use of genetically modified organisms in food production is justified due to insufficient scientific data on their safety for human health and the environment


Keywords: risk assesement, genetically modified organism, agriculture, environment, legal regulation, sustainable development, production, coexistence, farmer, food security
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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