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Topical problems of legal protection of natural reserves in the Russian Federation

Rednikova Tatiana Vladimirovna

PhD in Law

Senior Scientific Associate, the sector of Environmental, Land an Agrarian Law, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119019, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Znamenka, 10

trednikova@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Averina Kristina Nikolaevna

PhD in Law

Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law of the Acadamy of Public Service and Administration of the Republic of Komi

167982, Russia, Syktyvkar oblast', g. Syktyvkar, ul. Kommunisticheskaya, 11

akristin@bk.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7810.2019.2.29872

Review date:

22-05-2019


Publish date:

29-05-2019


Abstract: The research subject is the problem aspects of legal protection of natural reserves in the Russian Federation. The authors consider the evolution of the legislation in this area and the current legal norms of the Russian Federation in the area of environmental protection regulating the creation of natural reserves, the formation of their legal regimes, which are the object of criminal infringement formalized in the article 262 of the Criminal Code of Russia. The authors search for the problem aspects of law-enforcement of this regulation and also for the ways to improve it. The conclusions of the research are based on the results of the analysis of international, Russian and foreign legislation in the area of protection of the environment and biological diversity and its components, regulating the usage of natural reserves and the peculiarities of imposing criminal responsibility for the violation of the natural resources regime. Legal responsibility is a traditional instrument with a preventional impact, on the one hand, which prevents people from illegal actions, and, on the other hand, it guarantees a punishment proportional to the severity of the crime committed. The absence of clear criteria of the severity of the damage to natural reserves in the current legislation hampers the enforcement of the article 262. The authors suppose it would be reasonable to specify the criteria of the severity of the damage in the comments to the article. It is considered necessary to organize the approaches to the classification of crimes committed on the territory of natural resources, including those based on uniform application of regulations.
 


Keywords: natural areas, legislation, protection, Criminal Code of RF, environmental crime, biodiversity, environment, protection regime, forests, hunting
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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