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Agriculture
Reference:

Red clover varieties resistance to the stress factors of acid thatch-podzolic soil

Onuchina Ol'ga Leonidovna

PhD in Agriculture

Senior Research Fellow at the Falyon plant-breeding station, the branch of the Federal Agricultural Scientific Centre of the North-East named after N.V. Rudnitsky

612500, Russia, Kirovskaya oblast', pgt. Falenki, ul. Timiryazeva, 3

olga.onuchina2014@mail.ru
Korneva Irina Alekseevna

Junior Research Fellow at the Falyon plant-breeding station, the branch of the Federal Agricultural Scientific Centre of the North-East named after N.V. Rudnitsky
 

612500, Russia, Kirovskaya oblast', pgt. Falenki, ul. Timiryazeva, 3

fss.nauka@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8809.2018.2.28120

Review date:

24-11-2018


Publish date:

08-01-2019


Abstract: The research was held in 2014 - 2017 on the experimental field of the Falyon plant-breeding station (Falyonki village, Kirov region). The research subject is the recognized and appreciable varieties of red clover. The nursery-garden for ecological variety testing was founded in 2014 on strongly acid thatch-mesopodzol soil (pH 3.92, the content of mobile aluminium ions - 27.48mg per 100 g of soil). The purpose of the research is to evaluate the varieties of red clover according to their economic features on a natural acid field; to detect the varieties resistant to stress factors of acid soil. Red clover varieties have been tested on the base of the first, second and third year grass in terms of double-cutting regime. The registration field plot is 5 square meters, fourfold tier. Registration, evaluation and observation are based on the methodology of the National Research Institution of Forage Crops (2002).
The varieties of red clover, resistant to soil stress factors, have been selected. The late-ripening varieties: Vityaz, Kirovskij 159, Falyonskij 1. The middle-late varieties: Orpheus, P-1/09 and Tryphon. The early-ripening varieties: Kudesnik, P-15 and Green, which are notable for frost-resistance (94.0...98.7%) and ability to produce 16.1...20.5 tons of dry basis and 1.91...2..57 tons of crude protein per hectare in sum for three years without agnonomical amelioration.
 


Keywords: root rot, crude protein, productivity, winter hardiness, variety, aluminum ions, soil acidity, red clover, vegetation period, meteorological factors
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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